Sangay National Park

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Sangay National Park
Parque nacional Sangay
IUCN category II (national park)
Ecuador SanguayNationalPark.JPG
Sangay National Park
Map showing the location of Sangay National Park
Map showing the location of Sangay National Park
Location Ecuador
Coordinates 1°50′S 78°20′W / 1.833°S 78.333°W / -1.833; -78.333Coordinates: 1°50′S 78°20′W / 1.833°S 78.333°W / -1.833; -78.333
Area 5,177.65 km2 (1,999.10 sq mi)
Established 1979
Type Natural
Criteria vii, viii, ix, x
Designated 1983 (7th session)
Reference no. 260
State Party Ecuador
Region Latin America and the Caribbean
Endangered 1992–2005

Sangay National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Sangay) is a national park located in the Morona Santiago, Chimborazo and Tungurahua provinces of Ecuador. The park contains two active volcanoes (Tungurahua and Sangay), one extinct volcano El Altar (Kapak Urku), and ecosystems ranging from tropical rainforests to glaciers.

The park has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1983. In 1992, it was added to the List of World Heritage in Danger due to illegal poaching, extensive grazing, unplanned road construction and encroachment of the park's perimeter. It was removed from the UNESCO list of endangered sites in 2005.

Fauna[edit]

The National Park is an important refuge for rare species of the Andes, like mountain tapir and spectacled bear. Especially for the mountain tapir, the park is one of the most important strongholds.[1] In the forests below live spectacled bears, giant otter, jaguar, ocelot, margay, Brazilian tapir, white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus ustus), little red brocket deer and Northern pudu. About 300-400 bird species inhabit the Park.[2]

The cougar and pampas cat have been recorded in the park as well.[3]

In 2016, a new Pristimantis species was described from the park's cloud forest.[4]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Downer, CC. (1996). "The mountain tapir, endangered 'flagship' species of the high Andes". Oryx. 30 (1): 45–58. Archived from the original on 2011-11-27.
  2. ^ UNEP & WCMC: SANGAY NATIONAL PARK ECUADOR, (letztes update 2005) PDF[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Nowell, K.; Jackson, P. (1996). Wild Cats: Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan (PDF). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.
  4. ^ Brito M, J., Ojala-Barbour, R., Batallas R, D. and Almendáriz C, A. (2016). "A New Species of Pristimantis (Amphibia: Strabomantidae) from the Cloud Forest of Sangay National Park, Ecuador". Journal of Herpetology. 50 (2): 337–344.

External links[edit]