Sangeet Kalpataru

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sangeet Kalpataru
Front cover
Author Swami Vivekananda (as Narendranath Datta)
Vaishnav Charan Basak
Original title সঙ্গীত কল্পতরু
Country India
Language Bengali
Subject Anthology of Bengali music
Published 1887
Republished as Sangeet Sadhanay Vivekananda O Sangeet Kalpataru (1963)

Sangeet Kalpataru (literal meaning: "Wish fulfilling tree of music".[1]) is a Bengali language song anthology edited and compiled by Swami Vivekananda (as Narendranath Datta) and Vaishnav Charan Basak. The book was first published in August or September 1887 from Arya Pustakalaya, Calcutta. In 1963, in the birth centenary of Swami Vivekananda, the book was reprinted as Sangeet Sadhanay Vivekananda O Sangeet Kalpataru.[2][3][4][5] The book included 12 songs written by Rabindranath Tagore.

Content[edit]

The book was a compilation of Bengali songs. It also discussed different aspects of vocal and instrumental music.[3] The book was divided into different sections and songs were arranged by theme. The first sections included patriotic songs.[4] The book included twelve Rabindra Sangeets.[a][6]

It contained 90-page long introduction which discussed the theory of music and 18-page long biographical notes and sketches on Bengali songwriters and poets such as Chandidas, Vidyapati, Ramprasad.[2]

The book was compiled by Narendranath before he became an ascetic. Of the 12 songs in the book, four were written by Rabindranath Tagore of which three songs[7] were taught by him to Vivekananda and to a few others. These songs were sung in chorus by Vivekananda and others during the marriage of Leeladevi, daughter of Rajanarain Basu that was held at Sadharan Brahmo Samaj. Narendranath had also written three songs before the publication of the book, one of which he used to sing at the Baranagore Monastery.[8]

Some of the songs of the book were—[9]

Song Genre Composer Raga Tala
Jabe kihe amar din biphale chaliye (Bengali) Brahma Sangeet Multan Ektal
Mana chalo nijo niketane (Bengali) Brahma Sangeet Surat Malhar Ektal
Gaganer thale rabi chandra dipak jwale (Bengali) Devotional Rabidranath TagoreTemplate:Geetabitan Jayajayanti Jhaptal
Malin pankila mone kemone dakibo tomay (Bengali) Devotional Bijoy Krishna Goswami Multan Adhatheka
Bipada bhaya baran je kore or mon (Bengali) Devotional Jadu Bhatta Chhayanat Jhaptal
Dekhile tomar sei atula prema anena (Bengali) Devotional Gaganendranath Tagore Bahar Ektal
Tumi amr bondhu, ki boli tomay nath (Bengali) Kirtan
N.A.
Dub dub dub, dub sagar amar mon (Bengali) Baul tune
N.A.
Prabhu main gulam, main gulam, main gulam tera (Hindi) Bhajan
N.A.

Publication and republication[edit]

Sangeet Kalpataru was first published in August or September 1887 from Arya Pustakalay, 118, Upper Chitpur Road, Calcutta. The compilers of the book were credited as "Sri Narendranath Datta B. A. and Vaishnav Charan Basak". Narendranath collected and arranged most of the songs of this compilation, but could not finish the work of the book for unfavourable circumstances.[b] According to Rajagopal Chattopadhyaya, the 90-page long preface of the book was written by Basak and not Narendranath. The authorship of the 18 page appendix to the book, which gives brief biography of the Bengali poets such as Chandi Das, Vidyapathi and Ramdas is not mentioned. However, in the third edition Naredndranath's name was dropped and preface was rewritten by Viashnav Charan Basak.[2]

In 1963, in the birth centenary, the book was reprinted as Sangeet Sadhanay Vivekananda O Sangeet Kalpataru. The reprint was edited by Dilip Kumar.[2] In 2000, the book was reprinted by Ramakrishna Institute for Culture, Calcutta.[1]

Depictions[edit]

The book and the relationship between Swami Vivekananda and Rabindranath Tagore and Tagore family was depicted in 2013 Bengali drama Bireswar. The drama produced by Belgharia Shankhamala theatre group.[6]

References[edit]

Explanatory notes[edit]

  1. ^ Songs written by Rabindranath Tagore

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Profile of Famous Educators: Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902)" (pdf). UNESCO organization. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c d Chattopadhyaya 1999, p. 33.
  3. ^ a b Society 1986, p. 51.
  4. ^ a b The Institute 2002, p. 261.
  5. ^ Chatterjee 1980, p. 166.
  6. ^ a b "বিবেকানন্দ বনাম রবীন্দ্রনাথ". Anandabazar Patrika. 5 January 2013. Archived from the original on 3 October 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013.  (Bengali)
  7. ^ Ramananda Chatterjee (1980). The Modern Review. Modern Review Office. p. 166. 
  8. ^ Chattopadhyaya 1999, p. 34.
  9. ^ Dey 1990, p. 96.

Sources[edit]