Front cover of Ramakrishna Mission Institute of Culture edition
|Author||Swami Vivekananda (as Narendranath Datta)|
Vaishnav Charan Basak
|Original title||সঙ্গীত কল্পতরু|
|Subject||Anthology of Bengali music|
Republished as Sangeet Sadhanay Vivekananda O Sangeet Kalpataru (1963)
Sangeet Kalpataru (literal meaning: "Wish fulfilling tree of music".) is a Bengali language song anthology edited and compiled by Swami Vivekananda (as Narendranath Datta) and Vaishnav Charan Basak. The book was first published in August or September 1887 from Arya Pustakalaya, Calcutta. In 1963, in the birth centenary of Swami Vivekananda, the book was reprinted as Sangeet Sadhanay Vivekananda O Sangeet Kalpataru. The book included 12 songs written by Rabindranath Tagore.
The book was a compilation of Bengali songs. It also discussed different aspects of vocal and instrumental music. The book was divided into different sections and songs were arranged by theme. The first sections included patriotic songs. The book included twelve Rabindra Sangeets.[a]
It contained 90-page long introduction which discussed the theory of music and 18-page long biographical notes and sketches on Bengali songwriters and poets such as Chandidas, Vidyapati, Ramprasad.
The book was compiled by Narendranath before he became an ascetic. Of the 12 songs in the book, four were written by Rabindranath Tagore of which three songs were taught by him to Vivekananda and to a few others. These songs were sung in chorus by Vivekananda and others during the marriage of Leeladevi, daughter of Rajanarain Basu that was held at Sadharan Brahmo Samaj. Narendranath had also written three songs before the publication of the book, one of which he used to sing at the Baranagore Monastery.
Some of the songs of the book were—
|Jabe kihe amar din biphale chaliye (in Bengali)||Brahma Sangeet||Multan||Ektal|
|Mana chalo nijo niketane (in Bengali)||Brahma Sangeet||Surat Malhar||Ektal|
|Gaganer thale rabi chandra dipak jwale (in Bengali)||Devotional||Rabidranath Tagore||Jayajayanti||Jhaptal|
|Malin pankila mone kemone dakibo tomay (in Bengali)||Devotional||Bijoy Krishna Goswami||Multan||Adhatheka|
|Bipada bhaya baran je kore or mon (in Bengali)||Devotional||Jadu Bhatta||Chhayanat||Jhaptal|
|Dekhile tomar sei atula prema anena (in Bengali)||Devotional||Gaganendranath Tagore||Bahar||Ektal|
|Tumi amr bondhu, ki boli tomay nath (in Bengali)||Kirtan|
|Dub dub dub, rupsagare amar mon (in Bengali)||Baul tune||—|
|Prabhu main gulam, main gulam, main gulam tera (in Hindi)||Bhajan||—|
Publication and republication
Sangeet Kalpataru was first published in August or September 1887 from Arya Pustakalay, 118, Upper Chitpur Road, Calcutta. The compilers of the book were credited as "Sri Narendranath Datta B. A. and Vaishnav Charan Basak". Narendranath collected and arranged most of the songs of this compilation, but could not finish the work of the book for unfavourable circumstances.[b] According to Rajagopal Chattopadhyaya, the 90-page long preface of the book was written by Basak and not Narendranath. The authorship of the 18 page appendix to the book, which gives brief biography of the Bengali poets such as Chandi Das, Vidyapathi and Ramdas is not mentioned. However, in the third edition Naredndranath's name was dropped and preface was rewritten by Viashnav Charan Basak.
In 1963, in the birth centenary, the book was reprinted as Sangeet Sadhanay Vivekananda O Sangeet Kalpataru. The reprint was edited by Dilip Kumar. In 2000, the book was reprinted by Ramakrishna Institute for Culture, Calcutta.
The book and the relationship between Swami Vivekananda and Rabindranath Tagore and Tagore family was depicted in 2013 Bengali drama Bireswar. The drama produced by Belgharia Shankhamala theatre group.
- Songs written by Rabindranath Tagore
- "Profile of Famous Educators: Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902)" (pdf). UNESCO organization. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
- Chattopadhyaya 1999, p. 33.
- Society 1986, p. 51.
- The Institute 2002, p. 261.
- Chatterjee 1980, p. 166.
- "বিবেকানন্দ বনাম রবীন্দ্রনাথ". Anandabazar Patrika (in Bengali). 5 January 2013. Archived from the original on 3 October 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2013.
- Ramananda Chatterjee (1980). The Modern Review. Modern Review Office. p. 166.
- Chattopadhyaya 1999, p. 34.
- Dey 1990, p. 96.
- Chatterjee, Ramananda (1980). The Modern Review. Modern Review Office.
- Chattopadhyaya, Rajagopal (1999). Swami Vivekananda in India: A Corrective Biography. Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 978-81-208-1586-5.
- Dey, Suresh Chandra (1990). The Quest for Music Divine. APH Publishing. ISBN 978-81-7024-301-4.
- Society, Indian Musicological (1986). Journal of the Indian Musicological Society. Indian Musicological Society.
- The Institute (2002). Bulletin of the Ramakrishna Mission Institute of Culture. The Institute.