|Sangir / Sangihe|
A Sangir man in koffo attire, 1929.
|approx. 600,000 people|
|Regions with significant populations|
North Sulawesi: 449,805
Mindanao: 8,000 - 108,000
|Related ethnic groups|
Sangirese or Sangihe people are one of the native people to the Sangir Islands in the northern chain of islands in Sulawesi and the southern part of Mindanao. The Sangirese people are fishermen and nutmeg growers in their home areas and also work as wage labourers in industrial crops enterprises in Bolaang Mongondow Regency and Minahasa Regency.
They speak their native Sangirese language, Talaud language and Indonesian language, as well as their dialects, which belong to the Austronesian languages family. While Sasahara language is a secret language spoken among Sangirese sailors or pirates.
In the 16th century, the Ternatean people subdued the Sangirese people. They were also captured by the Spaniards and the Dutch who came later to occupy in 1677, because of which the vocabulary borrowed from the Spanish language is still preserved in the Sangirese language. Only in 1949 the Sangirese people were reunited with Indonesia.
Lifestyle and economy
Sangir people are engaged in fishing, farming (the main crops are tubers, root crops, bananas, sago). The sources often mention the cultivation of taro culture, which was cultivated on the slopes of mountains and near rivers. To protect the cultivated fruits like coconuts from thefts, residents from Sangir hung small dolls (in Sangirese language, urǒ), which, according to legend, will "pursue a thief".
Forestry production (harvesting of rattan and ebony wood), blacksmithing and weaving were also widely spread. The economy is mainly characterized by manual labor. It is known that the main diet of Sangirese people is fish with vegetables.
The main centers of settlements of the Sangirese people are located in the coastal zones. Previously, their houses were erected on stilts, but gradually they are replaced by modern houses built like the typical Indonesian type.
Institute of marriage
In the Sangirese society; which reached a high density by the 20th century, marriage is entered relatively late. Historically, the tradition of buying a bride as an important institution of public organization. Sometimes the ransom looked like whole plots.
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- (in Indonesian) Suku Sangir, Sulawesi Utara
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