Sangrur

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This article is about the municipality in Punjab, India. For its namesake district, see Sangrur district.
Sangrur
ਸੰਗਰੂਰ
Sangroor
city
Sangrur is located in Punjab
Sangrur
Sangrur
Location in Punjab, India
Coordinates: 30°15′02″N 75°50′39″E / 30.25056°N 75.84417°E / 30.25056; 75.84417Coordinates: 30°15′02″N 75°50′39″E / 30.25056°N 75.84417°E / 30.25056; 75.84417
Country  India
State Punjab
District Sangrur
Government
 • Type Municipality
Elevation 237 m (778 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Total 459,756
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 148001
Telephone code 01672
Vehicle registration PB 13
Website sangrur.nic.in

Sangrur is a city in the Indian state of Punjab, India. It is the headquarters of Sangrur District. It is located at the intersection of the roads connecting Jalandhar with Rewari i.e. NH 71 and Chandigarh with Bathinda i.e. NH 64, at a distance of 77 km from Ludhiana and 58 km from Patiala. The Ludhiana-Jakhal railway line passes through it.

History[edit]

See also: Jind State

The earliest settlement at the site of Sangrur is believed to have begun around 2,300 B.C. Attracted by the fertile soil and availability of water, tribes from Sindh and Balochistan started moving and following the path of the Satluj or the Ghagger settled at Rohira. They started living in thatched huts on virgin soil, and before long, they started building houses of sun-dried bricks. By about 2,000 B.C, a new set of people is believed to have settled at the site. Their pottery was more Sturdy and their equipment superior. The houses were well laid out and were fairly spacious. Sangrur is said to have been founded by one Sanghu, a Jatt, about four hundred years back.[citation needed]

Later, Sangrur was a part of Nabha state but during the time of Maharaja Ranjit Singh it was forcefully taken from Nabha state and gifted to Jind State. The Maharaja of Jind made Sangrur winter capital of Jind state while its summer capital was Khunga Kothi, a place near Jind. It was part of PEPSU state after the partition of India and was made a district headquarters. It became part of Punjab state after the abolition of PEPSU state.

Sangrur district was partitioned when a new state Haryana is made in 1966 and its big area is given to Narwana and Jind of Haryana, Later the district again partitioned when Barnala tehsil which was earlier a tehsil in Sangrur district was made a separate district.

Culture[edit]

Many religion's People lived here and they celibate their festival like Diwali, Holi,Janamasthmi,Gurupurav. The festival of Basant Panchmi is very enjoyable in the city and on this festival kids and young boys fly kites and many people uses DJ for enjoyment.

Geography[edit]

Sangrur is located at 30°15′02″N 75°50′39″E / 30.25056°N 75.84417°E / 30.25056; 75.84417.[1] It has an average elevation of 232 metres (761 feet).

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Sangrur (1971–1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.0
(84.2)
33.3
(91.9)
41.1
(106)
46.1
(115)
48.3
(118.9)
47.9
(118.2)
47.8
(118)
44.4
(111.9)
41.7
(107.1)
40.0
(104)
35.8
(96.4)
29.4
(84.9)
48.3
(118.9)
Average high °C (°F) 18.9
(66)
21.0
(69.8)
26.0
(78.8)
34.6
(94.3)
38.8
(101.8)
39.6
(103.3)
34.9
(94.8)
32.9
(91.2)
33.4
(92.1)
32.0
(89.6)
26.4
(79.5)
20.7
(69.3)
29.9
(85.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 12.8
(55)
14.8
(58.6)
19.4
(66.9)
26.7
(80.1)
31.1
(88)
33.0
(91.4)
30.5
(86.9)
28.8
(83.8)
28.5
(83.3)
24.9
(76.8)
19.0
(66.2)
14.1
(57.4)
23.6
(74.5)
Average low °C (°F) 6.7
(44.1)
8.5
(47.3)
12.8
(55)
18.8
(65.8)
23.3
(73.9)
26.2
(79.2)
26.1
(79)
24.8
(76.6)
23.4
(74.1)
17.7
(63.9)
11.6
(52.9)
7.4
(45.3)
17.3
(63.1)
Record low °C (°F) −2.2
(28)
−1.1
(30)
1.4
(34.5)
7.1
(44.8)
11.7
(53.1)
18.0
(64.4)
17.4
(63.3)
18.0
(64.4)
15.2
(59.4)
9.4
(48.9)
0.3
(32.5)
−1.1
(30)
−2.2
(28)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 21
(0.83)
39
(1.54)
31
(1.22)
20
(0.79)
20
(0.79)
60
(2.36)
229
(9.02)
189
(7.44)
85
(3.35)
5
(0.2)
13
(0.51)
21
(0.83)
733
(28.86)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 2.8 3.6 4.5 1.9 2.3 4.7 11.6 9.6 4.5 0.5 1.4 2.1 49.5
Average relative humidity (%) 74 66 62 44 39 49 71 76 68 61 68 74 63
Source #1: NOAA[2]
Source #2: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[3]

Demographics[edit]

At the 2011 census Sangrur Municipal Council had a population of 106,931 males and 71,112 females, giving a gender ratio of 876. There were 39,027 children 0-6 years old and an overall literacy rate of 83.54 % - 87.92 % for males and 78.56 % for females.[4]

Religion in Sangrur[5]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
  
60.90%
Sikhism
  
35.58%
Islam
  
2.61%
Others
  
0.91%

Education[edit]

Most Schools are either run by Central Board of Secondary Education or by Punjab School Education Board. Other boards are also there, which include convent boards.The city has many school which are upto high and secondary education like, Prem Sabha Shishu Niketan School, Prem Sabha National High School, Prem Sabha High School, Baba Vishwakarna Public School,Saravhitkari Vidya Mandir Public School, Vasant Valley Public School, GGS Public School Sangrur, La Foundation School, Sangrur, etc.Sangrur City also has many colleges like , Government Ranbir College, Akal Degree College,Bhai Gurdas Institute of Engineering & Technology, and Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology (SLIET).

Transportation[edit]

  • Sangrur railway station is connected by Indian railways.Trains to the major cities of India is passed through Sangrur.
  • Sangrur has a PRTC bus stand which is now under construction to stand with modern era. Buses runs frequently to all nearby cities of Punjab,Haryana,Himachal Pradesh,Jammu and Delhi.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sangrur, India Page". Falling Rain Genomics. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  2. ^ "Sangrur Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 22, 2015. 
  3. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Retrieved April 22, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Sangrur Population Census 2011". Census2011. Retrieved 2 January 2016. 
  5. ^ "Census 2011". 

External links[edit]