|This article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2008)|
|Nickname(s): Clean City,SGR,Metro Headquarter,2nd Ludhiana|
|• Type||Municipal Corporation|
|• Body||Municipal Corporation Sangur|
|• Total||18 km2 (7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||237 m (778 ft)|
|• Density||26,000/km2 (66,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||PB 13|
Sangrur is a city in the Indian state of Punjab, India. It is the headquarters of Sangrur District. It is located at the intersection of the roads connecting Jalandhar with Rewari and Chandigarh with Bathinda, at a distance of 77 km from Ludhiana and 58 km from Patiala. The Ludhiana-Jakhal railway line passes through it. Sangrur District was earlier predominantly rural in the southern part of Punjab. Now it is a noted centre of education and business.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Climate
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Notable people of Sangrur
- 6 Education in Sangrur
- 7 Commerce
- 8 Education
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Urban Settlement
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The earliest settlement at the site of Sangrur is believed to have begun around 2,300 B.C. Attracted by the fertile soil and availability of water, Muslim tribes from Sindh and Balochistan started moving and following the path of the Satluj or the Ghagger settled at Rohira. They started living in thatched huts on virgin soil, and before long, they started building houses of sun-dried bricks. By about 2,000 B.C, a new set of people is believed to have settled at the site. Their pottery was more Surdy and their equipment superior. The houses were well laid out and were fairly spacious. Sangrur is said to have been founded by one Sanghu, a Jatt, about four hundred years back. At one point in history, Sangrur was a part of Nabha state but during the time of Maharaja Ranjit Singh it was forcefully taken from Nabha state and gifted to Jind State. The Maharaja of Jind made Sangrur winter capital of Jind state while its summer capital was Khunga Kothi, a place near Jind. It was part of PEPSU state after the partition of India and was made a district headquarters. It became part of Punjab state after the abolition of PEPSU state. District Sangrur lost a good chunk of its area to Haryana and the remaining district was further subdivided into two when its Barnala tehsil was granted a district status. Sangrur was the largest district of Punjab before Barnala became a separate district.
Sangrur is located at  It has an average elevation of 232 metres (761 feet)..
|Climate data for Sangrur (1971–1990)|
|Record high °C (°F)||29.0
|Average high °C (°F)||18.9
|Daily mean °C (°F)||12.8
|Average low °C (°F)||6.7
|Record low °C (°F)||−2.2
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||21
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)||2.8||3.6||4.5||1.9||2.3||4.7||11.6||9.6||4.5||0.5||1.4||2.1||49.5|
|Average relative humidity (%)||74||66||62||44||39||49||71||76||68||61||68||74||63|
|Source #1: NOAA|
|Source #2: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)|
As of 2015[update] India census, Sangrur had a population of 459,756 Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Sangrur has an average literacy rate of 72%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 75%, and female literacy is 68%. In Sangrur, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. Total area of Sangrur city is 18 sq km.
Notable people of Sangrur
- Udham Singh, Indian independence activist, best known for assassinating Michael O'Dwyer in March 1940 in what has been described as the avenging of the Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre.
- Bhagwant Mann, Member of Parliament (AAP)and Popular Indian Comedian
- Naresh Goyal, owner of Jet Airways.
- Lieutenant General Harbaksh Singh, senior Indian Army officer who played a key role during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
- Gulab Kaur, Freedom fighter of Ghadar Party
Education in Sangrur
- Bhai Gurdas Institute of Engineering & Technology
- GGS Public School Sangrur
- La Foundation School, Sangrur
- Robin Model Senior Secondary School, Dhuri
- Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology (SLIET)
Sangrur is also known as Market Town.
Sangrur has almost 361 Senior Secondary, 367 High, 322 Middle and 1129 Primary and Pre-Primary recognized Schools, with a total of 398,770 students. Most of these Schools are either run by Central Board of Secondary Education or by Punjab School Education Board. Other boards are also there, which include convent boards.Sacred Heart Convent School, Sarabha Nagar is one of the most prestigious schools in the city. The city has many prestigious school chains too, such as SHSSS (BRS Ngr.), DAV Schools, BCM Schools. KVM is of the oldest schools of the city estd. in 1940 and the first school in the region to be affiliated by CBSE.
Sangrur is home to the largest agricultural university in Asia and one of the largest in the world, Punjab Agricultural University. The College of Veterinary Sciences at PAU had been recently upgraded to the Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Science University (GADVASU).
Sangrur is well connected by air and rail as Sangrur railway station.
Sangruris connected by air with Delhi. Air India fly daily between New Delhi and Sangrur Airport.
Sangrur Urban Rail
It is a well connected with Dhuri.
It is a planned not started construction
It is a underground subway.
It is a well-cleaned streets.
- Fun Square,Sangrur
- CN Tower, Sangrur
It is a Good shopping malls
It is a 50% completed constructed.
PRTC Bus stand
It is a Good and Cleaning bus stand.
PEPSU Bus Stand
It is a PEPSU Shopping mall and Bus stand.
It is a town and Market town.
- "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- "Sangrur, India Page". Falling Rain Genomics. Retrieved 2008-08-27.
- "Sangrur Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 22, 2015.
- "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Retrieved April 22, 2015.
- "Census of India 2015: Data from the 2015 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Education and Medical Facilities - Official Website of Sangrur".
- Sangrur Colleges. Mapsofindia.com. Retrieved on 16 June 2014.
- The Subway is 50% completed
- It is a also known as Clean City