Sangrur district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sangrur district
Location of Sangrur district
Coordinates: 30°14′N 75°50′E / 30.23°N 75.83°E / 30.23; 75.83Coordinates: 30°14′N 75°50′E / 30.23°N 75.83°E / 30.23; 75.83
Country India
StatePunjab
HeadquartersSangrur
Area
 • Total2,848 km2 (1,100 sq mi)
Elevation
232 m (761 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,203,153
 • Density420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialPunjabi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
148001
Telephone code01672
Vehicle registrationPB 13
Websitesangrur.nic.in

Sangrur district is in the state of Punjab in northern India. It is one of the five districts in Patiala Division in Indian state of Punjab.[1] Neighbouring districts are Malerkotla (north), Barnala (west), Patiala (east), Mansa (southwest) and Fatehabad (Haryana) and Jind (Haryana) (south).

Sangrur consists of the cities of Dhuri, Lehragaga, Sangrur, and Sunam. Other cities are Bhawanigarh, Dirba, Khanauri, Longowal, Cheema and Moonak. There are 7 sub-divisions, being Sangrur, Dhuri, Sunam, Lehragaga, Moonak, Bhawanigarh and Dirba. Till 2006,Barnala was also a part of Sangrur district, but now it is a separate district. In 2021, a new district Malerkotla district, consisting of Malerkotla and Ahmedgarh subdivisions and the Amargarh sub-tehsil, was formed out of Sangrur district.[2]

Origin and History[edit]

The administrative district of Sangrur was created in 1948. Earlier the area fell in the Nabha Princely State. While reportedly established around 400 years ago by a Jat called Sanghu, settlements in Sangrur trace back to the pre-Harappan period. Recent excavations in Rohira in Sangrur have revealed a 10-metre high mound with settlements dating back to 2300 BC.[3] Excavations from Mard Khera village have led to the discovery of pottery from the Harappan period.[4] Remnants of pottery from the Kushan period have also been discovered.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Sangrur district (including Malerkotla district) had a population of 1,655,169 of which male and female were 878,029 and 777,140 respectively[citation needed] roughly equal to the nation of Guinea-Bissau[5] or the US state of Idaho.[6] This gives it a ranking of 300st in India (out of a total of 640).[citation needed]

The district has a population density of 449 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,160/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.3%. Sangrur has a sex ratio of 885 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 67.99%.[citation needed]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1951565,152—    
1961696,418+2.11%
1971836,497+1.85%
19811,026,166+2.06%
19911,244,677+1.95%
20011,473,242+1.70%
20111,655,169+1.17%
source:[7]

Religion[edit]

  Sikhism (65.1%)
  Hinduism (23.53%)
  Islam (10.82%)
  Others (0.56%)

Sikhism is followed by majority of the people in the Sangrur district. Hinduism is followed by a considerable population. [8]

Administrative sub-divisions[edit]

Sangrur district is further sub-divided into 7 sub-divisions/tehsils - Bhawanigarh, Dhuri, Dirba, Lehragaga, Moonak, Sangrur and Sunam.[clarification needed] [9]

Historical Places and Monuments[edit]

  • Banasar Bagh, Sangrur[10]
  • Jind State Memorial Museum, Sangrur[10]
  • Ancestral House of Sardar Udham Singh, Sunam - The house of India's independence activist has been renovated and converted into a museum. Apart from the building itself, around 30 letters and other objects related to him are at display in the museum.[11]
  • Shahi Samadhan, Sangrur[10]
  • Clock Tower, Sangrur[10]
  • Fort Badrukhan - The fort was the residence of Maharaja Ranjit Singh's mother, Sardarni Raj Kaur.[10]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sangrur, Punjab". Government of Punjab. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  2. ^ "Malerkotla is Punjab's 23rd district". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 14 May 2021. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 14 May 2021.CS1 maint: others (link)
  3. ^ "Sangrur, History". Government of Punjab. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  4. ^ Sharma, Amaninder (5 September 2014). "Park may wipe out 'Harappan' site in Sangrur Village". The Times of India. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Guinea-Bissau 1,596,677 July 2011 est.
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Idaho 1,567,582
  7. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  8. ^ a b "Sangrur district District Religion Census 2011". Retrieved 24 April 2021.
  9. ^ "Administrative Setup | District Sangrur, Government of Punjab | India". Retrieved 15 May 2021.
  10. ^ a b c d e "Sangrur Basant Festival Jan - March 2020 | Heritage Sites". Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  11. ^ "Shaheed Udham Singh's house almost restored". Hindustan Times. 29 June 2015. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  12. ^ "9 OPDs to begin at PGI's satellite centre at Sangrur soon". Hindustan Times. 22 December 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2019.

External links[edit]