Sangtam language

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Sangtam
Thukumi
Lophomi
Native to Nagaland, India
Region East-central Nagaland, Tuensang and Khiphire districts
Ethnicity Sangtam
Native speakers
84,000 (2001 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 nsa
Glottolog sang1321[2]

Sangtam, also called Thukumi, Isachanure, or Lophomi, is an Ao language spoken in northeast India. It is spoken in Kiphire District and in the Longkhim-Chare circle in Tuensang district, Nagaland, India.

Dialects[edit]

Ethnologue lists the following dialects of Sangtam.

  • Kizare
  • Pirr (Northern Sangtam)
  • Phelongre
  • Thukumi (Central Sangtam)
  • Photsimi
  • Purr (Southern Sangtam)

The standardized dialect of Sangtam is based on the Tsadanger village speech variety.

Phonology[edit]

Sangtam is unusual in having two stops with bilabial trilled release, /t̪͡ʙ, t̪͡ʙ̥ʰ/.[3]

Sangtam consonants
p pʰ t̪ t̪ʰ ʈʵ ʈʵʰ c cʰ k kʰ ʔ
t̪͡ʙ t̪͡ʙ̥ʰ t̪s t̪sʰ tʃ tʃʰ
m n ɲ ŋ
(f v) s (z?) ʃ x h
l ɹ j

Vowels are /a e i ʌ o u/, tones High, Mid, Low.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sangtam at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Sangtam Naga". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Coupe (2015) "Prestopped bilabial trills in Sangtam", Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences, Glasgow, 10–14 August 2015