|23rd Prime Minister of Mongolia|
22 November 2007 – 29 October 2009
|Preceded by||Miyeegombyn Enkhbold|
|Succeeded by||Sükhbaataryn Batbold|
|Chairman of the Mongolian People's Party|
22 November 2007 – 8 April 2009
|President||Nambaryn Enkhbayar |
|Deputy||Miyeegombyn Enkhbold |
|Preceded by||Miyeegombyn Enkhbold|
|Succeeded by||Sükhbaataryn Batbold|
|Born||4 March 1956|
Ulan Bator, Mongolian People's Republic
|Political party||Mongolian People's Party|
|Spouse(s)||Orsoogiin Gereltuya (Divorced)|
Khashbatyn Khulan (Divorced)
|Children||3 daughters, 1 son (By Gereltuya)|
1 daughter(By Khulan)
1 daughter(By Ariunsuvd)
|Alma mater||Moscow State University|
Sanjaagiin Bayar (Mongolian: Санжаагийн Баяр) (born March 4, 1956) is a Mongolian politician who was General Secretary of the Mongolian People's Party from 22 November 2007 to 8 April 2009, and Prime Minister of Mongolia from 22 November 2007 to 29 October 2009. He announced on 26 October 2009, that he was going to resign his position as Prime Minister due to health reasons. He was replaced by Sükhbaataryn Batbold on 29 October 2009.
In 1978, he completed his law degree at the Moscow State University. From 1979 to 1983 he worked as an officer at the General Staff of Mongolia's Armed Forces. From 1983 to 1990, Bayar worked as a journalist and editor at the Montsame and Mongolpress news agencies. From 1990 to 1992 he was member of the State Baga Hural. From 1992 to 1997 he taught at the Academy of Social Sciences, studied in Washington, DC, and was director of the Mongolian Ministry of Defense's Institute for Strategic Studies. From 1997 to 2001 he was the chairman of the Mongolian Presidential office, and from 2001 to 2005 he was Mongolia's Ambassador to Russia.
Bayar joined the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) in 1988. He became General Secretary of the MPRP in 2005 and was – by 377 to 229 votes – elected Chairman of the MPRP at a party congress in October 2007, defeating incumbent Miyeegombyn Enkhbold. The same congress also voted in favor of Bayar becoming the next Prime Minister.  The Parliament approved Bayar as Prime Minister of Mongolia on 22 November 2007, with 67 votes in favor (97.1%) and two against.
He began his career as Prime Minister with verbal attacks (speech at his appointment) against Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj and the nationalisation of the 15% share of Mongolian companies in the Tavantolgoi mine, making it a 100% public venture, thus inducing enthusiasm of Russian companies in the large coal deposit. Most of the members of a three-party coalition government, led by Bayar and dominated by the MPRP, were approved by Parliament on 5 December 2007; the government included Bayar's predecessor, Miyeegombyn Enkhbold, as Deputy Prime Minister. This government was planned to serve until the June 2008 parliamentary election. On 11 September 2008, following the MPRP's victory in the June parliamentary election, S. Bayar was elected as the new Prime Minister of a coalition government between the MPRP and DP. Under his leadership, the Mongolian Government finally signed an investment agreement to mine the Oyu Tolgoi copper deposit. The deal was later revealed that in fact it was in favor of the investors. According to some sources, after his resignation he moved to the US and bought several properties on his daughter and relatives names. Later it was found that he has several offshore accounts. It is believed that he still has influences on MPP which is confirmed by a leaked video footage in which he gives advice to Miyegombo Enkhbold, the official head of the party, for his presidential election speech preparation.
2008 state of emergency
On 1 July 2008 Nambaryn Enkhbayar, President of Mongolia of that time announced State of Emergency in the midnight after the riot was over. During his announced State of Emergency the police chased civilians and shot four civilians to death from their backs and severely injured a dozen of civilians to life disability in streets different from demonstration or riot location. Also the police arrested approximately 1000 people in street or from random locations whether connected to the riot or not and imprisoned them including children and women without legal advocacy and inhumanely and degradingly treated them with torture involved as they claimed and later released some of them and sentenced some of them. Victims, and their families, civil societies claim the responsibility to Nambaryn Enkhbayar who announced the state of emergency in the middle of night - uncustomary hour of announcing state of emergency and shooting civilians without weapons in streets by chasing them and shooting them from their backs in random locations. A wounded teenager to lifelong disability and witnesses confirmed that they were shot by the police. The police is the state enforcement agency under the government, thus President Nambaryn Enkhbayar, Prime Minister Sanjaagiin Bayar and Minister of Justice Munkh-Orgil have been blamed by the victims, their families, and civil societies for the deaths.
Declining health and resignation
Bayar was admitted to a hospital in Ulan Bator in October 2009. Because of his declining health, Bayar announced his resignation in a letter to Mongolia's parliament one week later on 26 October 2009. A meeting held two days later confirmed that the Mongolian parliament had accepted his resignation. Bayar apologised to those who had voted for him. Norov Altankhuyag, the First Vice Prime Minister, temporarily moved up as Bayar's replacement. Bayar then was replaced by Sükhbaataryn Batbold on 29 October 2009.
On 8 April 2010, Sanjaagiin Bayar read his written request to resign from the chairmanship of former communist party Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party due to declining health reasons to the conference of the party and then was replaced by Sükhbaataryn Batbold for the position on the same day from the party conference.
On April 11, 2018, Bayar and Saikhanbileg, another former prime minister of Mongolia, were arrested by the anti-graft agency of Mongolia.
- "His daughter born on the threshold of his 60th becomes medicine to heal S.Bayar". factnews.mn (in Mongolian). 25 March 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2013.
- "Young wives of ex-Prime Minister S.Bayar and Prime Minister N.Altankhuyag are pregnant and the politicians over 50s are preparing to welcome their youngest children when born". shuurhai.mn (in Mongolian). 11 October 2012. Archived from the original on 28 July 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2013.
- "Olloo". Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2007.
- "Mongolian parliament accepts PM's resignation". Xinhua News Agency. 28 October 2009. Archived from the original on 31 October 2009. Retrieved 30 October 2009.
- "Aktuelle Nachrichten aus der Mongolei/ 22. bis 28. Oktober 2007". mongoleionline.de. 2007-10-28. Retrieved 30 October 2007.
- "Unen.mn-Санжаагийн Баяр". Ünen. n.d. Archived from the original on 20 May 2008. Retrieved 30 October 2007.
- "Mongolia rushes to appoint new prime minister as a budget deadline looms", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), 22 November 2007.
- L. Mönhbayasgalan The Railways, Erdenet, Asgat and Tavantolgoi are gifts of S. Bayar to the Russians (С. Баярын оросуудад бэлдсэн бэлэг нь Төмөр зам, Эрдэнэт, Асгат, Тавантолгой) Archived 21 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine., Newspaper Ödriin Sonin. #291, 6 December 2007
- "Mongolian Parliament approves new coalition government"[permanent dead link], IST, AFP (Times of India), 6 December 2007.
- AFP: Mongolian parliament elects PM after turmoil Archived 20 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- Investment Agreement on Oyu Tolgoi Deposit Signed Montsame, 6 October 2009
- "J.Batzaya: I was shot by police officers". Ts.Khishigt for Daily News newspaper. 15 July 2008. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 7 April 2010.
- "S.Batbold was elected as the party chairman". News.mn. 2010-04-08. Retrieved 2010-04-08.
- Editorial, Reuters. "Mongolia anti-graft agency arrests two prime ministers amid mine probe". U.S. Retrieved 2018-04-11.
- Bayar becomes Prime Minister Onoodor newspaper (Mongolian)
- Bayar becomes Prime Minister of Mongolia The UB Post newspaper (English)
|Party political offices|
| General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Mongolian People's Party
| Prime Minister of Mongolia