Sanjak of İpek

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Sanjak of İpek
İpek sancak
Пећки санџак
sanjak of Ottoman Empire

1520–1913
 

 

Coat of arms of İpek

Coat of arms

Location of İpek
Capital İpek
History
 •  Established 1520
 •  First Balkan War 1913
Today part of  Kosovo
 Montenegro
 Albania

The Sanjak of İpek (Turkish: İpek sancak, Albanian: Sanxhaku i Pejës, Serbian: Пећки санџак) or Sanjak of Dukakin (Turkish: Dukakin sancak, Albanian: Sanxhaku i Dukagjinit, Serbian: Дукађински санџак) was a sanjak (an administrative division of the Ottoman Empire) with its capital in İpek (Peć), now in Kosovo.

Administration[edit]

In Fedor Karaczay's 1842 travel memoir, it was reported that the Sanjak of Dukakin included northeastern Albania and the larger part of the Metohija plain, and had three kadiluks: Dukakin, İpek, Yakova.[1]

In 1900–1912 the Sanjak of İpek had four kazas: Peć, Gjakova, Gusinje and Berane.[2]

History[edit]

Dukakin was firstly the name of an Ottoman kaza (in the Sanjak of Scutari), then in 1520, a sanjak with the name (Dukakin sancak) was established under the Rumelia Eyalet.[3] The name of the sanjak's seat, İpek, was used interchangeably for the sanjak (İpek sancak).

The Sanjak of İpek was often under direct control of the sanjakbey of the Sanjak of Scutari. In 1536 Ali-beg, then a sanjakbey of İpek, was hanged on the orders of the sultan for mistakes and incompetence in governing his sanjak.[4] The Christian population of the sanjak often rebelled against the Ottoman authorities, especially in the 1550s, because they were unable to pay the newly implemented taxes.[5] During one of these rebellions the sanjakbey of Dukakin, Kasim-beg, was ordered to suppress the rebellion with help of the sanjaks of Scutari (İşkodra) and Durazzo (Draç) if needed.[6] In 1690 the sanjakbey Mahmud Pasha Hasanbegović attacked Austrian troops in Peć during the Great Turkish War.[7]

At the end of 1737, sanjak-bey Mahmudbegović devastated Vasojevići and persecuted a lot of people in Metohija.[8]

Serbs from Peć informed Russia on killings of over 100 people after 1875, as well as looting of the Patriarchate of Peć and Visoki Dečani.[9] In 1877 the sanjak became part of the new Kosovo Vilayet seated in Skopje.

In 1904 the sanjak was abolished.[10]

During the First Balkan War at the end of 1912, the sanjak was occupied by the Kingdom of Montenegro and Kingdom of Serbia. In 1914 a smaller part of the territory became a part of the newly established Principality of Albania, established on the basis of the peace contract signed during the London Conference in 1913.[11]

Demographics[edit]

16th century[edit]

Metohija had a Serb majority at the end of the 16th century, while Albanians were found in thirty out of 235 villages, in the Peć nahiya.[12]

List of sanjakbeys[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Royal Geographical Society (1843). The Journal of the Royal Geographical Society: JRGS. Murray. pp. 66–. 
  2. ^ Milić F. Petrović (1995). Dokumenti o Raškoj oblasti: 1900-1912. Arhiv Srbije. Пећки санџак чинилс казе: Пећ, Ђаковица, Гусиње и Беране (Доњи Васојсвићи). 
  3. ^ Tahir Sezen (2006). Osmanlı yer adları: (alfabetik sırayla). T.C. Başbakanlık Devlet Arşivleri Genel Müdürlüğü. 
  4. ^ Godisnjak. Sarajevo: Drustvo Istoricara Bosne i Hercegovine. 1950. p. 95. Retrieved 2 August 2011. .у личности султана који их за сваки пропуст може казнити ...објешен пећки санџак-бег Али-бег 
  5. ^ Schmitt, Oliver Jens (2010), Religion und Kultur im albanischsprachigen Südosteuropa, 4, Frankfurt am Main, Berlin, Bern, Bruxelles, New York, Oxford, Wien, p. 43, ISBN 978-3-631-60295-9, The Christian population of sancak of Dukagjin rebelled particularly often in 1550 
  6. ^ Jugoslovenski istorijski časopis, Volume 17. Savez društava istoričara Jugoslavije. 1978. p. 209. Retrieved 1 August 2011. Tako je beg Dukađina, Kasim-beg , bio zadužen... dizdaru Drača i dizdarima skadarskog sandžaka da pomognu sandžak-begu Dukađina, Kasim-begu 
  7. ^ Zbornik za društvene nauke, Issues 12–15 (in Serbian). Novi Sad: Matica srpska (Novi Sad, Serbia). Odeljenje za društvene nauke. 1956. p. 48. Retrieved 3 August 2011. Пошто је на Призрен напао Дукађински санџак Махмуд-паша Хасанбеговић 
  8. ^ a b Stanojević & Vasić 1975, p. 294.
  9. ^ Mihailović 2006, p. 32.
  10. ^ Vukoman Salipurović (1969). Raonicka buna: agrarni pokret u zapadnim krajevima stare Srbije, 1906 i 1907. p. 34. 
  11. ^ Vickers, Miranda (1999). The Albanians: a modern history. I.B.Tauris. pp. 77, 78. ISBN 978-1-86064-541-9. 
  12. ^ Mihailović 2006, p. 11.
  13. ^ Annuaire de la Société historique de Bosnie et Herzégovine. Istorisko društvo Bosne i Hercegovine. 1952. 
  14. ^ ثريا، محمد; Ali Aktan (1997). Sicill-i Osmanî, yahud, Tezkire-i meşâhir-i Osmâniyye. Sebil Yayınevi. p. 75. 

Further reading[edit]