Sanjak of Klis

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Sanjak of Klis
Kilis Sancağı
sanjak of the Ottoman Empire

 

1537–1699
 

Coat of arms of Klis

Coat of arms
Capital Klis (1537-1648), Livno (1648-1699)
History
 •  Siege of Klis 12 March 1537
 •  Disestablished 1699
Today part of  Croatia
 Bosnia

The Sanjak of Klis (Turkish: Kilis Sancağı) was a sanjak of the Ottoman Empire which seat was in the Fortress of Klis in Klis (modern-day Croatia) till capture by Republic of Venice in 1648, laterly in Livno between 1648-1699.

Background[edit]

The Sanjak of Klis was established on 12 March 1537, after Ottoman victory in the Siege of Klis. Klis was stronghold of Uskoks and thorn in both Venetian and Ottoman side.[1] It was captured by Ottoman forces commanded by Murat Beg Tardić on behalf of Gazi Husrev-beg who was the sanjakbey of the Sanjak of Bosnia.

Administrative division[edit]

The territory of the Sanjak of Klis was composed of the newly captured territories of western Bosnia, Dalmatia (with rivers Cetina, Krka and Zrmanja),[2] Lika and Krbava.[3] The Vilayet Croats was disestablished when it was annexed by the newly established Sanjak of Klis in 1537.[4][5]

The first land survey of the Sanjak of Klis was done in 1540 within the survey of the Sanjak of Bosnia. The defter of 1550 is the oldest preserved defter of the Sanjak of Klis.[6] This early 15th century defters show that the territory of this sanjak was depopulated.[7][8] The Ottomans populated barren lands with fresh wave of herdsmen.[8]

The Sanjak of Klis was part of the Bosnia Eyalet since it was established in 1580, as described by famous Ottoman traveler Evliya Çelebi.[9]

Governors[edit]

Murat-beg Tardić was appointed as the first sanjakbey of the Sanjak of Klis.[10] Tardić remained on that position until 1544 when he was appointed to position of the sanjakbey of the Sanjak of Požega.[11] Malkoč-beg died in 1545[dubious ] as sanjakbey of Klis.[12] Sinan, a son of sultan's wife and sanjakbey of the Sanjak of Klis, died in 1593 in a battle.[13] In 1596 sanjakbey was Mustafa-pasha Pijade-pašić.[14] In period 1609 — 1615 sanjakbey was Zulfikar-pasha Atlagić whose successor Piri-pasha killed him in 1616.[15] In 1645 sanjakbey was Miralem who was Albanian.[16] In 1648 sanjakbey was Mehmed Mustajbegović who lost Klis to Venetians.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Samardžić, Radovan (1981). Istorija srpskog naroda. Srpska knjiiževna zadruga. p. 163.

    Ћехаје босанског намесника Хусрев-бега, на злу гласу по свој јужној крајини Мурат-бег Тардић, на препад је 12. марта 1537. освојио тврђаву Клис, који је као ускочко гнездо био трн у оку не само Турцима него и Млечанима.

  2. ^ Бабић, Владимир (1960). Историја народа Југославије. Просвета. p. 122.
  3. ^ Prilozi. Institut. 1978. p. 124.
  4. ^ Mogućnosti. Matica hrvatska, Split. 2000. p. 75.
  5. ^ Conference, International Research Project "Triplex Confinium." International (2007). Tolerance and Intolerance on the Triplex Confinium: Approaching the "other" on the Borderlands Eastern Adriatic and Beyond, 1500-1800. CLEUP. p. 187. ISBN 978-88-6129-300-7. Concerning the bordering Croat vilayet (in the Klis sandzak from 1537) ...
  6. ^ Michael, Michalis N.; Kappler, Matthias; Gavriel, Eftihios (2009). Archivum Ottomanicum. Mouton. p. 276.
  7. ^ Sarajevo, Drustvo Istoricara Bosne i Hercegovine, (1962). Godisnjak. p. 237.
  8. ^ a b Cirkovic, Sima M. (15 April 2008). The Serbs. John Wiley & Sons. p. 117. ISBN 978-1-4051-4291-5.
  9. ^ Çelebi, Evliya; Šabanović, Hazim (1996). Putopisi: odlomci o jugoslovenskim zemljama. Sarajevo-Publishing. p. 138.
  10. ^ Hercegovine, Društvo istoričara Bosne i (1952). Godišnjak: Annuaire. p. 163.
  11. ^ Na izvorima historije. Školska knjiga. 1962. p. 211.
  12. ^ Glasnik Zemaljskog muzeja u Sarajevu. 1952. p. 302.
  13. ^ umetnosti, Srpska akademija nauka i (1932). Posebna izdanja. p. 123. ... и Синан, клишки санџак, иначе син једне султанице.
  14. ^ Tomić, Jovan N. (1908). Grad Klis u 1596 godini. Srpska kraljevska akademija. p. 106.
  15. ^ umjetnosti, Jugoslavenska akademija znanosti i (1962). Starine. p. 374.
  16. ^ Jačov, Marko (1990). Srbi u mletačko-turskim ratovima u XVII veku. Sveti arhijerejski sinod Srpske pravoslavne crkve. pp. 14, 105.
  17. ^ Samardžić, Radovan (1981). Istorija srpskog naroda. Srpska knjiiževna zadruga. p. 353.