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Goddess of Dusk and Clouds
Surya with consorts Sanjana and Chhaya
Other namesSanjana, Sandhya, Sangya, Sangna, Suvarchala, Randal, Sauri and Ravi Randal
Sanskrit transliterationSaranyu
Personal information
ParentsVishvakarma and Virocanā
SiblingsChhaya ( Reflection)
ChildrenYama, Yami, Ashvins, Shraddhadeva Manu and Revanta

Saranyu (Saraṇyū; Saranya) — also known as Sanjana, Sangna, Sandhaya, Sauri, Randal and Ravi Randal — is a Hindu goddess (devi) and a daughter of Vishvakarman or Tvastar and Virocanā (daughter of Prahlāda).[1] Saranyu and her shadow Chhaya are the wives of Lord Surya, the Hindu Sun god.


Saraṇyū is the female form of the adjective saraṇyú, meaning "quick, fleet, nimble", used for rivers and wind in the Rigveda (compare also Sarayu). According to Farnell, the meaning of the epithet is to be sought in the original conception of Erinyes, which was akin to Gaia.

Description in texts[edit]

Saranyu has been described as "the swift-speeding storm cloud".[2]


Sources indicate that Saraṇyū is a daughter of Virocanā. Virocanā was the daughter of Prahrāda and the wife of Tvastr.[3]

Children of Surya by Saranyu:

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Brahmanda Purana, III.59
  2. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Erinyes" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 9 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 745.
  3. ^ Brahmanda Purana, III.59
  4. ^ Singh, Nagendra Kumar (1997). "Revanta in Puranic Literature and Art", Encyclopaedia of Hinduism, 44. Anmol Publications. str. 2605–19. ISBN 81-7488-168-9.
  5. ^ They are the divine twins sometimes compared to Castor and Pollux.


  • Kinsley, David R. Hindu Goddesses: Vision of the Divine Feminine in the Hindu Religious Traditions. University of California Press. 1986. (ISBN 81-208-0379-5)