Sanjay National Park

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Sanjay National Park
Map showing the location of Sanjay National Park
Map showing the location of Sanjay National Park
LocationBelgaon District, Madhya Pradesh, India
Nearest citySidhi
Coordinates23°53′7″N 82°3′19″E / 23.88528°N 82.05528°E / 23.88528; 82.05528Coordinates: 23°53′7″N 82°3′19″E / 23.88528°N 82.05528°E / 23.88528; 82.05528
Area466.657 square kilometres (180.177 sq mi)
Established1981

The Sanjay National Park is located in Chhattisgarh and in the Koriya, Sidhi and Singrauli districts of Madhya Pradesh state, India. It is a part of the Sanjay-Dubri Tiger Reserve system.[1] The park covers 466.7 km2. It is located in the Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests' ecoregion.[2]

Flora[edit]

The national park is mostly composed of tropical forests of Sakhua (Shorea robusta) trees (aka: śāl trees).[3]

Fauna[edit]

The Bengal tiger, Indian leopard, Spotted deer, Sambar deer, wild boar, Nilgai, Chinkara, Civet, Porcupine, Monitor lizard, and 309 species of birds are found here. Among the many birds here are the Golden Hooded Oriole, Racket-tailed Drongo, Indian pitta, Rufous treepie, Lesser adjutant, Red-headed vulture, Cenareous vulture, White-rumped vulture, Egyptian vulture and Nightjar.[citation needed]

Sanjay-Dubri Tiger Reserve[edit]

All of Sanjay Reserve had been in Madhya Pradesh, before Chhattisgarh was carved out of it in 2000. A large part of the area now belongs to Chhattisgarh, and this forest area of 1,440 km2 (560 sq mi) was renamed to "Guru Ghasidas National Park" by the Government of Chhattisgarh.[1][4]

Chhattisgarh[edit]

The National Park here is named after Guru Ghasidas.[4] It shared five tigers with Madhya Pradesh in 2010.[5] In addition, considering that what used to be Surguja State is now part of Chhattisgarh, and that the state has a district called 'Koriya', this overall area would have been the last known territory of the Asiatic cheetah in India.[6]

Madhya Pradesh[edit]

The Tiger Reserve comprises Sanjay National Park and the Dubri Wildlife Sanctuary, both of which cover more than 831 km2, and are located in Sidhi District. The area, with its large size and rich biodiversity, is well-known. It has Sal, Bamboo and mixed forests.[citation needed]

According to an official census of Madhya Pradesh carried out in 2004, Sanjay National Park had six tigers. Eventually, however, no tiger was sighted there, between October 2008 and May 2009.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "No-tiger-in-Sanjay-Tiger-Reserve-also-says-official", NEWS-Environment-Flora-Fauna, Times of India, retrieved 2011-01-19
  2. ^ "Narmada Valley dry deciduous forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.
  3. ^ http://www.mptourism.com/blog/sanjay-dubri-national-park.html
  4. ^ a b "Chhattisgarh asked to propose tiger reserve status for Guru Ghasidas park". The Hindu. 30 June 2011. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
  5. ^ "Tiger Status, October 2010" (PDF). Project Tiger. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-01-20. Retrieved 2011-10-25.
  6. ^ Divyabhanusinh (1999). The End of a Trail: the Cheetah in India. Banyan Books, New Delhi.