Sanjaya Rajaram

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Sanjaya Rajaram
Dr. Sanjaya Rajaram WFP.jpg
Born1943
ResidenceMexico
NationalityMexican
Alma mater
Known for
  • Developing 480 types of wheat
Awards
Scientific career
FieldsAgronomy
Institutions
Doctoral advisorDr. Irvine Watson

Dr. Sanjaya Rajaram is an Indian-born Mexican scientist and winner of the 2014 World Food Prize.[1] He was awarded this prize for his scientific research in developing 480 wheat varieties that have been released in 51 countries. This innovation has led to an increase in world wheat production – by more than 200 million tons – building upon the successes of the Green Revolution.[1] The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest civilian honour of Padma Shri in 2001.[2]

Early life, education and family[edit]

Sanjaya Rajaram was born in 1943 near a small farming village Raipur, District Varanasi in the state of Uttar Pradesh in northern India. His family, including his parents, an older brother and a younger sister, made a meagre living on their five-hectare farm growing wheat, rice and maize. Unlike most children in his socioeconomic position, he was encouraged to pursue an education by his parents, and graduated from secondary school as the top-ranked student in the entire Varanasi District.[3]

Rajaram went on to earn a B.Sc. in agriculture from the University of Gorakhpur, a M.Sc. in genetics and plant breeding from the Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI) in New Delhi and a Ph.D. in plant breeding from the University of Sydney. While at the IARI in 1964, he studied genetics and plant breeding under Prof. M.S. Swaminathan.[3]

Career[edit]

In 1969 Rajaram began working as a wheat breeder at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center in Mexico. He worked alongside scientist Norman Borlaug, in experimental wheat fields in El Batan (Texcoco), in Toluca and Ciudad Obregon, Sonora, and became director of CIMMYT in 1972 at the age of 29.[3]

After 33 years at CIMMYT, including seven as Director of the Global Wheat Program, Rajaram joined the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) as Director of Integrated Gene Management before formally retiring in 2008. During his distinguished career, Rajaram's work resulted in the release of more than 480 varieties of bread wheat in 51 countries, which are grown on more than 58 million hectares worldwide.[3]

Rajaram, an elected Fellow of the National Academy of Agricultural Sciences,[4] is also the owner and director of Resource Seed Mexicana, a small private company specializing in wheat development and promotion.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2014 World Food Prize". worldfoodprize.org. Archived from the original on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
  2. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d "Former CIMMYT Global Wheat Program Director Wins 2014 World Food Prize". CIMMYT. Retrieved 18 October 2014.
  4. ^ "NAAS Fellow". National Academy of Agricultural Sciences. 2016. Retrieved May 6, 2016.
  5. ^ "Feeding the World: Profile of a World Food Prize Winner". American Society of Agronomy. Retrieved November 7, 2014.