Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple

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Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple
Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple
Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple
Name
Proper name Sankat Mochan Hanuman Mandir
Tamil Ayer
Geography
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Location Varanasi
Culture
Primary deity Hanuman, Rama
Architecture
Architectural styles Hindu architecture
History and governance
Date built 18th century

Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple is one of the sacred temples of the Hindu god Hanuman in the city of Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, India. It is situated by the Assi river on near to the Durga and the New Vishwanath temple within the Banaras Hindu University campus.[1] Sankat Mochan in Hindi means reliever from troubles.[citation needed] The current temple structure was built in early 1900s by the educationist and freedom fighter, Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, the founder of Banaras Hindu University.[2] Hanuman Jayanti, the birthday of Hanuman, is celebrated in fanfare, during which a special shobha yatra, a procession starting from Durgakund adjacent to the historic Durga Temple to Sankat Mochan, is carried out.[3]

In the temple, offerings to Lord Hanuman (called Prasad) are sold like the special sweet "besan ke ladoo", which the devotees relish; the idol is also decked with a pleasant marigold flower garland as well. This temple has the unique distinction of having Lord Hanuman facing his Lord, Rama, whom he worshiped with steadfast and selfless devotion.

History[edit]

It is believed that the temple has been built on the very spot where Tulsidas had a vision of Hanuman.[4] Sankat Mochan Temple was founded by Tulsidas who was the author of the Ramacharitamanasa, which is the greatest version of lord Ram story written in Avadhi("Most of the people having confusion that Ramacharitamanasa is a avadhi version of Valmiki Ramayana but Ramacharitamanasa is different from Sanskrit Ramayana written by rishi Valmiki as Baba Tulsidas Ji already told in Ramacharitamanasa that "Nana bhanti Ram avatara, Ramayan sat koti apara" means in each Kalp lord Ram takes Avatar & plays different-2 lilas(Act) so we have different stories of same lord Ram").Tradition promises that regular visitors to the temple will gain the special favor of Lord Hanuman. Every Tuesday and Saturday thousands of people queue up in front of the temple to offer prayers to Lord Hanuman. According to Vedic Astrology, Hanuman saves human beings from the anger of the planet Shani (Saturn), and especially people who have an ill-placed Saturn in their horoscopes visit this temple for astrological remedies. This is supposed to be the most effective way for appeasing Shani. While it is suggested that Hanuman did not hesitate to engulfe in his mouth the sun, the lord of all planets, which humbled all the gods and angels, making them worship him for the Sun's release. Some astrologers believe that worshiping Hanuman can neutralize the ill-effect of Mangal (Mars) and practically any planet that has an ill effect on human life.

Terrorist incident[edit]

On 7 March 2006, one of three explosions hit the temple while the aarti was in progress in which numerous worshippers and wedding attendees were participating. The crowd helped each other in the rescue operation after the explosion. The next day a large number of devotees resumed their worship as usual.[2]

Temple today[edit]

The temple still continues to be attended by thousands of Rama and Hanuman devotees who chant Hanuman Chalisa and Sundarkand (also provided in the form of a booklet in the temple for free). After the terrorist incident of 2007, a permanent police post was set up inside the temple.[5]

Sankat Mochan temple is near the Banaras Hindu University.

Sankat Mochan Foundation[edit]

The Sankat Mochan Foundation (SMF) was established in 1982 by Veer Bhadra Mishra, the Mahant (High priest) of the temple, and has been working for cleaning and protecting the Ganges river. Its projects are funded in part by aid from the U. S. and Swedish governments. Mishra was formerly former Head of the Civil Engineering Department at the Indian Institute of Technology (BHU) Varanasi [IIT(BHU)][6] and was awarded United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) established the "Global 500 Roll of Honour" in 1992,[7] and later the TIME magazine's "Hero of the Planet" award in 1999.[8][9]

The foundation has been working with Australia-based environmental group, Oz Greene, under a programme called “Swatcha Ganga Abhiyan” for over 25 years. It celebrated its silver jubilee on 3–4 November 2007, with two-day event which concluded at the Tulsi Ghat, on the Ganges.[10]

Sankat Mochan Sangeet Samaroh[edit]

Each year in the month of April, the temple organizes a classic music and dance concert festival titled, "Sankat Mochan Sangeet Samaroh", in which musicians and performers from all over India take part. The first festival was organized 88 years ago, and since then it was attract numerous stalwarts of Indian classical music and dance world, including Odissi guru, Kelucharan Mahapatra, who was associated since its early days. In fact he was instrumental in starting women's participation in the festival with Sanjukta Panigrahi, Swapna Sundari and Kankana Banerjee.[11]

In 2009, the six-day concert saw over 35 artists including, vocalist Pandit Jasraj and Kathak exponent Pandit Birju Maharaj.[3][12]

The 2010 concert was spread over five days, during which artists like, Pandit Jasraj, Sunanda Patnayak, Pt. Channulal Mishra, Pt. Rajan-Sajan Mishra and Pt. Amar Nath Mishra performed.[13]

In 2015 concert famous Pakistani-ghazal singer Ustad Ghulam Ali performed at Sankat Mochan Sangeet Samaroh.[14][15][16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Temples of Varnasi". Varanasi Official website. 
  2. ^ a b "Blasts in Sankatmochan temple and railway station kill dozen, several injured". Indian Express. Mar 8, 2006. 
  3. ^ a b "Sankat Mochan Sangeet Samaroh from April 13". The Times of India. Apr 8, 2009. 
  4. ^ Callewaert, Winand M. (2000). Banaras: vision of a living ancient tradition. Hemkunt Press. p. 90. ISBN 81-7010-302-9. 
  5. ^ "Varanasi temple gets permanent police post". Indian Express. Mar 14, 2006. 
  6. ^ Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University), Varanasi
  7. ^ "Adult Award Winner in 1992: Veer Bhadra Mishra". Global 500 Roll of Honour website. 
  8. ^ "Jai Ganga Maiyya...". May 26, 2009. The Times of India.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  9. ^ "Holy War for "My Mother"". TIME. August 16, 1999. 
  10. ^ "'Centre should take steps to clean Ganga river'". Indian Express. Nov 5, 2007. 
  11. ^ "Glimpses of eternity". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 7 April 2006. 
  12. ^ "Jasraj, Birju Maharaj enthral on first night". The Times of India. Apr 14, 2009. 
  13. ^ "Sankat Mochan music concert begins". The Times of India. Apr 4, 2010. 
  14. ^ Sports (9 April 2015). "Buzz in Varanasi as Ghulam Ali performs at Sankat Mochan". The Indian Express. Retrieved 20 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Modi to miss Ghulam Ali musical treat at Shankat Mochan temple". Firstpost. 8 April 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2015. 
  16. ^ Singh, Binay (2 April 2015). "Pakisntan's Ghulam Ali to enchant Kashi's Sankat Mochan Hanuman with ghazals". The Times of India. Retrieved 20 October 2015. 

External links[edit]

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