Sanna Marin

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Sanna Marin
Prime Minister of Finland Sanna Marin 2019 (cropped).jpg
46th Prime Minister of Finland
Assumed office
10 December 2019
PresidentSauli Niinistö
DeputyKatri Kulmuni
Preceded byAntti Rinne
Minister of Transport and Communications
In office
6 June 2019 – 10 December 2019
Prime MinisterAntti Rinne
Preceded byAnu Vehviläinen
Succeeded byTimo Harakka
Personal details
Born
Sanna Mirella Marin

(1985-11-16) 16 November 1985 (age 34)
Helsinki, Uusimaa, Finland
Political partySocial Democratic Party
Spouse(s)Markus Räikkönen
Children1
EducationUniversity of Tampere

Sanna Mirella Marin (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈsɑnːɑ ˈmirelːɑ ˈmɑrin]) (born 16 November 1985) is a Finnish politician who has been serving as the Prime Minister of Finland since 10 December 2019. A Social Democrat, she has been a member of the Parliament of Finland since 2015 and was the Minister of Transport and Communications between 6 June 2019 and 10 December 2019.[1]

After Antti Rinne left his position as Prime Minister, the Social Democratic Party selected Marin as their new candidate for Prime Minister on 8 December 2019.[2][3] Upon her confirmation by Parliament at the age of 34,[4] Marin became both the world's youngest serving state leader at the time and Finland's youngest-ever prime minister.[a] She is also the third female head of government of her country, after Anneli Jäätteenmäki and Mari Kiviniemi – both of whom were members of the Centre Party.[5][6][7]

Early life[edit]

Marin was born on 16 November 1985 in Helsinki.[8] She lived in Espoo and Pirkkala before moving to Tampere.[9] Her parents split up when she was very young; the family faced financial problems and Marin's father struggled with alcoholism. After her parents separated, Marin was brought up by her mother and her mother's new female partner.[10][11]

Career[edit]

Marin in 2012

Marin graduated from the Pirkkala High School in 2004 at the age of 19.[12] She graduated from the University of Tampere with a Master of Administrative Sciences in 2017.[1]

Marin joined the Social Democratic Youth in 2006 and served as its first Vice President from 2010 to 2012.[13][14]

Marin was a candidate in the 2008 Finnish municipal elections but was not elected.[10][13] She became active in politics from 2012.[15] In the 2012 elections, she was elected to the City Council of Tampere at the age of 27 which was a breakthrough moment in her political career.[5][16] She was the chairperson of the City Council from 2013 to 2017. In 2017, she was re-elected to the City Council.[17] She is also a member of the Assembly of the Council of Tampere Region.[1] She was also a member of the Pirkanmaa Regional Council from 2013 to 2016.[8]

Marin was elected second deputy chairperson of the Social Democratic Party in 2014.[1] In 2015, aged 30, she was elected to the Finnish Parliament as an MP from the electoral district of Pirkanmaa.[18][19] Four years later, she was re-elected.[20] On 6 June 2019, she became the Minister of Transport and Communications.[1]

In December 2019, she was nominated by the Social Democratic Party to succeed Antti Rinne as the Prime Minister of Finland. Rinne was widely criticised over the way he handled a postal strike, but will remain the formal leader of the party at least until a convention in June 2020.[21][7] She was narrowly preferred over her rival Antti Lindtman in a majority vote. Marin heads the Marin government formed by a five-party coalition in which 12 out of 19 ministers in the cabinet are women.[22][23] The Marin government continues with the same parties and the same government platform as the preceding Rinne Cabinet, with individual changes of portfolios.[24]

Personal life[edit]

Marin describes herself as coming from a rainbow family as she is the child of same-sex parents (two women).[25][26] She was also the only child in her family and was the first person in her family to attend university.[27] In January 2018, she had a daughter Emma with her husband Markus Räikkönen.[28][29][30] Marin is a vegetarian but is also "annoyed by the simplification of the climate debate on individuals' consumption choices."[31]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Her status as the youngest serving state leader was later assumed by the Chancellor of Austria Sebastian Kurz who took office on 7 January 2020 at the age of 33, pushing Marin to the second position.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Sanna Marin Parliament of Finland (in Finnish). Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  2. ^ SDP on valinnut: Sanna Marinista tulee Suomen seuraava pääministeri – suora lähetys menossa, Yle seuraa hetki hetkeltä Yle 8 December 2019
  3. ^ Finland's Social Democrats name Marin to be youngest ever prime minister. Reuters, 8 December 2019
  4. ^ "Finland's Parliament picks Sanna Marin as world's youngest sitting prime minister". Japan Times. Associated Press. 10 December 2019. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  5. ^ a b "Finland anoints Sanna Marin, 34, as world's youngest-serving prime minister". The Guardian. 9 December 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  6. ^ "Finland: Sanna Marin to become world's youngest PM at 34". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  7. ^ a b Lemola, Johanna; Specia, Megan (9 December 2019). "Sanna Marin of Finland to Become World's Youngest Prime Minister". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  8. ^ a b "Sanna Marin: Minister of Transport and Communications" (PDF). European Parliament. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  9. ^ Kuka Sanna? Sanna Marin's website. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  10. ^ a b Greenall, Robert (9 December 2019). "Sanna Marin: The rising star set to lead Finland's 5.5 million". BBC News. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  11. ^ Burtsov, Petri; Heikkilä, Melissa (12 December 2019). "Comrades, meet Finland's new PM". Politico. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  12. ^ Esfandiari, Sahar. "The rapid rise of Sanna Marin, the 34-year-old Finnish woman set to become the youngest serving world leader". Business Insider. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  13. ^ a b Hemmilä, Ilkka (18 May 2018). "SDP:n uraohjus nousi 10 vuodessa Pirkanmaan ääniharavaksi – Sanna Marin haluaa ravistella puolueita". Maaseudun Tulevaisuus (in Finnish). Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  14. ^ "Ansioluettelo | Sanna Marin". www.sannamarin.net. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  15. ^ Lemola, Johanna; Specia, Megan. "Who is Sanna Marin, the world's youngest prime minister?". The Irish Times. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  16. ^ Candidates elected Tampere Ministry of Justice of Finland. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  17. ^ "Elected". vaalit.fi. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  18. ^ Candidates elected Ministry of Justice of Finland. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  19. ^ "Sanna Marin". eduskunta.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  20. ^ "Valitut". tulospalvelu.vaalit.fi. Retrieved 3 December 2019.
  21. ^ "Social Democrats selects Marin as its candidate to succeed Rinne". helsinkitimes.fi. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  22. ^ 9 December; 2019 (9 December 2019). "'I've proven my abilities': Finland's Sanna Marin becomes the world's youngest prime minister | Ottawa Citizen". National Post. Bloomberg News Updated. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  23. ^ Manzanaro, Sofia Sanchez (9 December 2019). "Finland's Sanna Marin becomes the world's youngest Prime Minister". euronews. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  24. ^ Koskinen, Mika (8 December 2019). "IL seuraa: Sama hallituspohja jatkaa, ohjelmaan ei muutoksia – Päivi Räsänen kävi paikalla kääntymässä: "Hyvää pullaa"". Iltalehti (in Finnish). Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  25. ^ "Finnish minister, 34, to be world's youngest PM". BBC News. 9 December 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  26. ^ "Uusi valtuuston puheenjohtaja jakoi nuorena Tamperelaista" (in Finnish). Tamperelainen. 26 September 2013.
  27. ^ Waterfield, Bruno (10 December 2019). "Finnish prime minister Sanna Marin is world's youngest leader at 34". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  28. ^ Matson-Mäkelä, Kirsi (31 January 2019). "Kansanedustaja Sanna Marinille syntyi vauva". Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). Retrieved 3 December 2019.
  29. ^ "Finnish prime minister will be world's youngest". The Mercury News. CNN Wire Service. 9 December 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  30. ^ Avins, Jenni (9 December 2019). "Finland's Sanna Marin, 34, will be the world's youngest sitting prime minister". Quartz. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  31. ^ Nurmi, Lauri (23 December 2019). "Aatteen nainen" [A woman of ideals]. www.satakunnankansa.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved 4 January 2020.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Anu Vehviläinen
Minister of Transport and Communications
2019
Succeeded by
Timo Harakka
Preceded by
Antti Rinne
Prime Minister of Finland
2019–present
Incumbent