Sanna Marin

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Sanna Marin
Marin smiling
Marin in 2021
46th Prime Minister of Finland
Assumed office
10 December 2019
PresidentSauli Niinistö
DeputyKatri Kulmuni
Matti Vanhanen
Annika Saarikko
Preceded byAntti Rinne
Leader of the Social Democratic Party
Assumed office
23 August 2020
Preceded byAntti Rinne
Minister of Transport and Communications
In office
6 June 2019 – 10 December 2019
Prime MinisterAntti Rinne
Preceded byAnu Vehviläinen
Succeeded byTimo Harakka
Member of the Finnish Parliament
Assumed office
22 April 2015
ConstituencyPirkanmaa
Personal details
Born
Sanna Mirella Marin

(1985-11-16) 16 November 1985 (age 36)[1][2]
Helsinki, Uusimaa, Finland
Political partySocial Democratic
Spouse(s)
Markus Räikkönen
(m. 2020)
Children1
EducationUniversity of Tampere

Sanna Mirella Marin (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈsɑnːɑ ˈmirelːɑ ˈmɑriːn];[3] born 16 November 1985) is a Finnish politician who has served as Prime Minister of Finland since 10 December 2019. A member of the Social Democratic Party (SDP), she has been a member of the Parliament of Finland since 2015 and briefly served as Minister of Transport and Communications from 6 June to 10 December 2019. Following Antti Rinne's resignation in the wake of the 2019 postal strike, Marin was selected as Prime Minister on 8 December 2019.

Taking office at age 34, she is the youngest person to hold the office in Finnish history,[4][5] as well as currently the world's second-youngest state leader, after Giacomo Simoncini.

Early life and education[edit]

Sanna Mirella Marin was born on 16 November 1985 in Helsinki.[6][2] She also lived in Espoo and Pirkkala before moving to Tampere.[6][better source needed] Her parents split up when she was very young; the family faced financial problems and Marin's father, Lauri Marin,[7] struggled with alcoholism. After her biological parents separated, Marin was brought up by her mother and her mother's female partner.[8][9][10]

Marin graduated from the Pirkkala High School in 2004 at the age of 19.[11] Marin joined the Social Democratic Youth in 2006 and was its first Vice President from 2010 to 2012.[12][6] She worked in a bakery and as a cashier while studying,[13] graduating with bachelor's and master's degrees in Administrative Science from the University of Tampere.[9][13]

Early political career[edit]

Social Democratic Party[edit]

Marin's political career was described by the BBC as "beginning at the age of 20",[8] in the years following her high school graduation and beginning her affiliation with the Social Democratic Youth.[8][12] She initially unsuccessfully ran for election to the City Council of Tampere, but was elected in the 2012 elections.[8][6][14][15] She became chairperson of the City Council within months, serving from 2013 to 2017.[9] In 2017, she was re-elected to the City Council.[16] She first gained prominence after video clips of her chairing contentious meetings were shared on YouTube.[13]

Marin was elected second deputy chairperson of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) in 2014.[17][9] In 2015, she was elected to the Finnish Parliament as an MP from the electoral district of Pirkanmaa.[18] Four years later, she was re-elected.[19] On 6 June 2019, she became the Minister of Transport and Communications.[17][20][13]

On 23 August 2020, Marin was elected chair of the SDP, succeeding Antti Rinne.[21]

Prime Minister of Finland[edit]

Sanna Marin
Premiership of Sanna Marin
10 December 2019 – present
Sanna Marin
CabinetMarin Cabinet
PartySocial Democratic
Appointed bySauli Niinistö
SeatKesäranta

Logo of the Prime Minister of Finland.svg

Seal of the Prime Minister
Official website

In December 2019, Marin was nominated by the Social Democratic Party to succeed Antti Rinne as the Prime Minister of Finland,[22][23] but Rinne formally remained party leader until June 2020.[24][25] In a narrow vote, Marin prevailed over Antti Lindtman. A majority of the ministers in her five-party cabinet are women, numbering 12 out of 19 at the time of the cabinet's formation.[26][27] She is the third female head of government in Finland, after Anneli Jäätteenmäki and Mari Kiviniemi.[14][28][25]

Upon her confirmation by Parliament at the age of 34, she became Finland's youngest-ever prime minister, and was the youngest serving state leader until Sebastian Kurz regained the title in January 2020.[23][29][30][31]

During the global COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, Marin's cabinet invoked the state of emergency in Finland to alleviate the epidemic.[32] When Swedish prime minister Stefan Löfven could not attend a European Council meeting in October 2020 because of his mother's funeral, Marin stepped in to represent Sweden.[33] In return, Marin asked Löfven to represent Finland at a Council meeting later that month.[34]

On 25 May 2021, Finnish media reported that Marin and her family were paying about 300 per month for groceries with public funds as a part of the Prime Minister's tax-free housing benefits. The legality of the arrangement was questioned since the housing benefits do not explicitly include food provisions.[35][36] Later, it[clarification needed] was found to be €850 per month.[37]

In December 2021, Marin was criticized for going clubbing after coming into close contact with a Covid-19 case. At first she defended her actions, but later apologized on Facebook.[38][39]

Personal life[edit]

In January 2018, Marin and her fiancé, Markus Räikkönen, had a daughter, Emma.[40][41][42] In August 2020, Marin and Räikkönen married at the prime minister's official residence, Kesäranta.[43] Their permanent residence is in the Kaleva district of Tampere,[6] but during the COVID-19 pandemic, they have resided at Kesäranta.[41]

Marin describes herself as coming from a "rainbow family",[44] as she was raised by same-sex parents.[20][45][2] She was the first person in her family to attend university.[46]

Marin is a vegetarian.[47] She has explained that, if it were up to her, she would move to the countryside.[48]

In October 2020, Marin took part in a photo shoot for the Finnish magazine Trendi in which she wore a blazer with nothing underneath. It generated much public controversy, with critics accusing her of tastelessness and demeaning her office, and others defending her and accusing the critics of sexism.[49]

Awards[edit]

Marin was on the list of the BBC's 100 Women announced on 23 November 2020.[50] On 9 December 2020, she was selected by Forbes to rank 85th on the list of The World's 100 Most Powerful Women.[51][52] In 2020 she became a Young Global Leader of the World Economic Forum.[53] Marin was selected for the cover of the prestigious Time magazine's “Time100 Next” theme issue, which showcases one hundred influential leaders from around the world.[54]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sanna Marin". Britannica. Retrieved 16 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Specia, Megan (10 December 2019). "Who is Sanna Marin, Finland's 34-Year-Old Prime Minister?". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  3. ^ Miten pääministerin sukunimi ääntyy? (in Finnish; "How is the prime minister's family name pronounced?") - Institute for the Languages of Finland
  4. ^ "Pääministerien ikä nimitettäessä". Valtioneuvosto (in Finnish). Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  5. ^ "Prime Minister's age on the date of appointment". Valtioneuvosto. Retrieved 7 December 2021.
  6. ^ a b c d e Marin, Sanna (19 December 2019). "Kuka Sanna? ja Ansioluettelo" ["Sanna who?" and "Resume"]. SannaMarin.net (self-published autobiography). Archived from the original on 19 December 2019. Retrieved 4 February 2020. Koulutukseltani olen hallintotieteiden maisteri Tampereen yliopistosta. Ylioppilaaksi kirjoitin Pirkkalan yhteislukiosta vuonna 2004. / Asumme mieheni Markuksen ja kaksivuotiaan tyttäremme Emman kanssa Tampereella Kalevan kaupunginosassa. ... / Juureni löytyvät neljän kunnan alueelta. Olen syntynyt Helsingissä, asunut Espoossa, veittänyt kasvu- ja kouluvuoteni Pirkkalassa ja vihdoin kotiutunut Tampereelle. [I hold a Master of Administrative Sciences from the University of Tampere. I was a student and graduated from Pirkkala High School in 2004. / I live with my husband, Markus, and our two year old daughter, Emma, in the Kaleva district of Tampere. ... / My roots are in four municipalities. I was born in Helsinki, lived in Espoo, spent my years growing up and in school in Pirkkala, and finally settled in Tampere.]
  7. ^ "The father of Prime Minister Sanna Marini is dead". Teller Report. 2 July 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  8. ^ a b c d Greenall, Robert (9 December 2019). "Sanna Marin: The rising star set to lead Finland's 5.5 million". BBC News. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  9. ^ a b c d Burtsov, Petri; Heikkilä, Melissa (12 December 2019). "Comrades, meet Finland's new PM". Politico. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
  10. ^ Sandelius, Ninni (January 2018). "Sanna Marin: "Juurettomuus pakottaa minut katsomaan tulevaan"". Eeva. Retrieved 17 October 2020.
  11. ^ Esfandiari, Sahar. "The rapid rise of Sanna Marin, the 34-year-old Finnish woman set to become the youngest serving world leader". Business Insider. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  12. ^ a b Hemmilä, Ilkka (18 May 2018). "SDP:n uraohjus nousi 10 vuodessa Pirkanmaan ääniharavaksi – Sanna Marin haluaa ravistella puolueita". Maaseudun Tulevaisuus (in Finnish). Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  13. ^ a b c d O'Connor, Philip (14 December 2019). "How did Finland's Sanna Marin become the world's youngest prime minister?". The Irish Times. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  14. ^ a b "Finland anoints Sanna Marin, 34, as world's youngest-serving prime minister". The Guardian. 9 December 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  15. ^ Candidates elected Tampere Ministry of Justice of Finland. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  16. ^ "Elected". vaalit.fi. Retrieved 3 July 2017.
  17. ^ a b Marin, Saana ja Eduskunta Henkilöstö [and Parliament Staff] (4 February 2020). "Kansanedustajat [The MPs] > Sanna Marin". Eduskunta.fi (professional autobiography) (in Finnish). Helsinki, FI: Suomen Eduskunta [Parliament of Finland]. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  18. ^ Candidates elected Ministry of Justice of Finland. Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  19. ^ "Valitut". tulospalvelu.vaalit.fi. Retrieved 3 December 2019.
  20. ^ a b "Finnish minister, 34, to be world's youngest PM". BBC News. 9 December 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  21. ^ Hakahuhta, Ari (23 August 2020). "Queenin "Älä pysäytä minua nyt" soi salissa, liikuttunut Sanna Marin: "Teidän ansiosta ja teidän vuoksenne" – Yle seuraa SDP:n kokousta" (in Finnish). Yle Uutiset. Retrieved 23 August 2020.
  22. ^ SDP on valinnut: Sanna Marinista tulee Suomen seuraava pääministeri – suora lähetys menossa, Yle seuraa hetki hetkeltä Yle 8 December 2019
  23. ^ a b Finland's Social Democrats name Marin to be youngest ever prime minister. Reuters, 8 December 2019
  24. ^ "Social Democrats selects Marin as its candidate to succeed Rinne". helsinkitimes.fi. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  25. ^ a b Lemola, Johanna; Specia, Megan (9 December 2019). "Sanna Marin of Finland to Become World's Youngest Prime Minister". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  26. ^ 9 December; 2019 (9 December 2019). "'I've proven my abilities': Finland's Sanna Marin becomes the world's youngest prime minister | Ottawa Citizen". National Post. Bloomberg News Updated. Retrieved 9 December 2019.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  27. ^ Manzanaro, Sofia Sanchez (9 December 2019). "Finland's Sanna Marin becomes the world's youngest Prime Minister". euronews. Retrieved 9 December 2019.
  28. ^ Al Jazeera and News Agencies (9 December 2019). "Finland: Sanna Marin to Become World's Youngest PM at 34". AlJazeera.com. Retrieved 4 February 2020.
  29. ^ "Finland's Parliament picks Sanna Marin as world's youngest sitting prime minister". Japan Times. Associated Press. 10 December 2019. Retrieved 17 December 2019.
  30. ^ "Finland's new 34-year-old prime minister to be youngest in the world, backed by all-female leaders". ABC News. 11 December 2019. Retrieved 8 February 2020.
  31. ^ Her status as the youngest serving state leader was later assumed by the Chancellor of Austria, Sebastian Kurz, who took office on 7 January 2020 at the age of 33, pushing Marin to the second position.[citation needed]
  32. ^ Teivainen, Aleksi (1 April 2020). "Poll: Social Democrats overtakes Finns Party as most popular party in Finland". Uusi Suomi. Helsinki Times. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  33. ^ Heikkilä, Melissa (29 September 2020), Finland’s Sanna Marin to represent Sweden at EU summit Politico Europe.
  34. ^ Heikkilä, Melissa (16 October 2020), Finnish PM Sanna Marin leaves EU summit as coronavirus precaution Politico Europe.
  35. ^ "Iltalehti: Sanna Marin pays for her family's breakfast with taxpayers' money". www.helsinkitimes.fi. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  36. ^ "Thursday's papers: PM's breakfast, Viking Sally drama, bring your own pen". Yle Uutiset. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  37. ^ "Marinin ateriaetu onkin ollut noin 850 euroa kuussa". Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  38. ^ "Finland's prime minister criticized for clubbing till 4am despite Covid exposure". The Independent. 8 December 2021. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  39. ^ "Sanna Marin: Finland's PM sorry for clubbing after Covid contact". BBC News. 8 December 2021. Retrieved 8 December 2021.
  40. ^ Matson-Mäkelä, Kirsi (31 January 2019). "Kansanedustaja Sanna Marinille syntyi vauva". Yle Uutiset (in Finnish). Retrieved 3 December 2019.
  41. ^ a b Kale, Sirin (31 March 2020). "Sanna Marin, The Youngest Female Prime Minister In The World, Talks Sexism, Imposter Syndrome, and Sustainability". Vogue. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  42. ^ Avins, Jenni (9 December 2019). "Finland's Sanna Marin, 34, will be the world's youngest sitting prime minister". Quartz. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  43. ^ Cruse, Ellena (2 August 2020). "Finnish Prime Minister Sanna Marin marries long-time love at intimate ceremony". Evening Standard. Retrieved 2 August 2020.
  44. ^ Ng, Kate (10 December 2019). "Sanna Marin: Meet the world's youngest prime minister and daughter of a 'rainbow family'". The Independent.
  45. ^ "Uusi valtuuston puheenjohtaja jakoi nuorena Tamperelaista" (in Finnish). Tamperelainen. 26 September 2013.
  46. ^ Waterfield, Bruno (10 December 2019). "Finnish prime minister Sanna Marin is world's youngest leader at 34". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  47. ^ Nurmi, Lauri (23 December 2019). "Aatteen nainen" [A woman of ideals]. www.satakunnankansa.fi (in Finnish). Retrieved 4 January 2020.
  48. ^ "Pääministeri Marin haluaisi muuttaa maalle – esteenä yksi henkilö: "Jatkan keskustelua"". Maaseudun Tulevaisuus (in Finnish). Retrieved 19 October 2021.
  49. ^ Speare-Cole, Rebecca (16 October 2020). "Finland's prime minister Sanna Marin at center of sexism debate after wearing low-cut blazer for magazine shoot". Evening Standard. Retrieved 23 October 2020.
  50. ^ "BBC 100 Women 2020: Who is on the list this year?". BBC News. 23 November 2020. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  51. ^ #85 Sanna Marin – Forbes
  52. ^ Mandalia, Bhavi (9 December 2020). "Power Forbes selected Prime Minister Sanna Marin as one of the most influential women in the world". PledgeTimes. Retrieved 9 December 2020.
  53. ^ "World Economic Forum's Young Global Leaders Community - Sanna Marin". World Economic Forum. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  54. ^ Solberg, Erna (17 February 2021). "Sanna Marin is on the TIME100 Next 2021 List". Time. Retrieved 17 February 2021.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by Leader of the Social Democratic Party
2020–present
Incumbent
Political offices
Preceded by Minister of Transport and Communications
2019
Succeeded by
Preceded by Prime Minister of Finland
2019–present
Incumbent
Order of precedence
Preceded byas Speaker of the Parliament Order of precedence of Finland
Prime Minister
Succeeded byas President of the Supreme Court