Sanriku Fukkō National Park

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Sanriku Fukkō National Park
三陸復興国立公園
IUCN category II (national park)
Jyoudogahama.jpg
LocationTōhoku, Japan
Area28,537 hectares (110.18 sq mi)
Established24 May 2013[2]

Sanriku Fukkō National Park (三陸復興国立公園, Sanriku Fukkō Kokuritsu Kōen) (lit. "Sanriku Reconstruction National Park") is a national park extending along the Sanriku Coast of Japan from Hachinohe in Aomori Prefecture through Iwate Prefecture to Kesennuma in Miyagi Prefecture. The national park was created on 24 May 2013 and covers a land area of 28,537 hectares (110.18 sq mi)

History[edit]

On May 2, 1955 the Rikuchū Kaigan National Park (陸中海岸国立公園, Rikuchū Kaigan Kokuritsu Kōen) was created in the Tōhoku region of Honshū in northern Japan. The park extended for 180 kilometers from north to south along the coastline of the Pacific Ocean from northern Miyagi prefecture to northern Iwate prefecture. It had a land area of 121.98 square kilometres (47.10 sq mi). On 24 May 2013 the park was incorporated into Sanriku Fukkō National Park.[2] This was in the aftermath of the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. It also includes the former Tanesashi Kaigan Hashikamidake Prefectural Natural Park. On 31 March 2015, the Ministry of the Environment extended the park to include the former Minami Sanriku Kinkasan Quasi-National Park.[3] Subsequently, the park will be extended to include Kesennuma Prefectural Natural Park, Kenjōsan Mangokuura Prefectural Natural Park, and Matsushima Prefectural Natural Park.[2][4][5]

Geography[edit]

The entire coastline is noted for examples of sea erosion, with numerous rock pillars and islands. The northern coast is an example of an uplifted coastline, and is an area which has been subject to several strong earthquakes and tsunami in recent history. The southern coast is an example of a ria coastline of submerged river valleys, with deep inlets and narrow peninsulas, forming many small bays and coves.

At northern part of the national park there is an 8 km long and 200m-high set of cliffs called the Kita Yamazaki; it is said to be Japan's most beautiful coastline.[6]

Related municipalities[edit]

Aomori: Hachinohe, Hashikami
Iwate: Fudai, Iwaizumi, Kamaishi, Kuji, Miyako, Noda, Ōfunato, Ōtsuchi, Rikuzentakata, Tanohata, Yamada
Miyagi: Ishinomaki, Kesennuma, Minamisanriku, Onagawa, Tome[7]

Flora and Fauna[edit]

Flora includes groves of Japanese red pine, rhododendrons and Rosa rugosa. Fauna includes numerous bird species, including the black-tailed gull and shearwater. In terms of larger animals, there have also been sightings of the kamoshika.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 浄土ヶ浜 [Jōdogahama] (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Archived from the original on 21 July 2012. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  2. ^ a b c 基礎情報 [Basic Information] (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. Archived from the original on 23 October 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  3. ^ 三陸復興国立公園の公園区域の変更(南三陸金華山国定公園区域の編入)について [About the Change in Area of Sanriku Fukkō National Park] (Transfer of the Area of Minami Sanriku Kinkasan Quasi-National Park)] (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. 27 March 2015. Retrieved 17 August 2019.
  4. ^ "National park of restoration". The Japan Times. 28 May 2013. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  5. ^ Katsuragawa Hiroki. "Green reconstruction through the creating a new Sanriku Fukko (reconstruction) National Park" (PDF). IUCN. Retrieved 22 October 2013.[permanent dead link]
  6. ^ "About Kita Yamazaki - Iwate Travel Guide | Planetyze". Planetyze. Retrieved 2017-11-30.
  7. ^ 三陸復興国立公園 [Sanriku Fukkō National Park] (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment. Retrieved 17 August 2019.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°38′N 141°58′E / 39.633°N 141.967°E / 39.633; 141.967