Sansang of Goguryeo

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Sansang of Goguryeo
Hangul 산상왕
Hanja 山上王
Revised Romanization Sansang-wang
McCune–Reischauer Sansang-wang
Birth name
Hangul 고연우 or 이이모
Hanja 高延優 or 伊夷謨
Revised Romanization Go Yeon-u or I-imo
McCune–Reischauer Ko Yŏnu or Iimo
Monarchs of Korea
  1. King Chumo 37-19 BCE
  2. King Yuri 19 BCE-18 CE
  3. King Daemusin 18-44
  4. King Minjung 44-48
  5. King Mobon 48-53
  6. King Taejodae 53-146
  7. King Chadae 146-165
  8. King Sindae 165-179
  9. King Gogukcheon 179-197
  10. King Sansang 197-227
  11. King Dongcheon 227-248
  12. King Jungcheon 248-270
  13. King Seocheon 270-292
  14. King Bongsang 292-300
  15. King Micheon 300-331
  16. King Gogug-won 331-371
  17. King Sosurim 371-384
  18. King Gogug-yang 384-391
  19. King Gwanggaeto 391-413
  20. King Jangsu 413-490
  21. King Munja 491-519
  22. King Anjang 519-531
  23. King An-won 531-545
  24. King Yang-won 545-559
  25. King Pyeong-won 559-590
  26. King Yeong-yang 590-618
  27. King Yeong-nyu 618-642
  28. King Bojang 642-668

King Sansang of Goguryeo (died 227, r. 196–227[1] ) was the 10th ruler of Goguryeo, the northernmost of the Three Kingdoms of Korea. He was the third son of the eighth king Sindae and the younger brother of the ninth king Gogukcheon, who died without an heir.[2]

Background and rise to the throne[edit]

Upon Gogukcheon's death, his queen Lady U supported Sansang's claim and had him placed on the throne. She then became Sansang's queen.[3] This indicates that the custom of Levirate marriage was still practiced in Goguryeo,[4] but also demonstrated Lady U's power in court.[5]

Balgi, older brother to Sansang, led a rebel force attacking the capital, gaining military support of Chinese faction.[2] Sansang had his younger brother Gyesu repel the attack, and Balgi committed suicide.[6]

Sansang's Goguryeo was later attacked by Han Dynasty China and forced to submit to the Han Dynasty. In 209, the capital was moved to Jian by warlord Gongsun Kang of the Han Dynasty. In 217, he granted refuge to a thousand families from the Liaodong region.[2][4][7]


In the eleventh lunar month of 208, the king chased a sacrificial boar to the village of Jutongchon, where he met a young woman and spent the day with her. The queen heard of this and sent royal forces, failing to kill her owing to her assertion that she conceived.[6] The woman gave birth to a son and became a royal concubine.[8] The son was made crown prince in 213 and later became King Dongcheon.[9][self-published source?]

Sansang died during 227, the 31st year of his reign, and was buried in Sansang-neung.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Yi, Ki-baek (1984). A new history of Korea. Harvard University Press. p. 13. ISBN 067461576X. Retrieved 2016-01-29. 
  2. ^ a b c "Kings and Queens of Korea". KBS Radio. KBS. 2015-03-09. 
  3. ^ Pae-yong Yi, 《Women in Korean History 한국 역사 속의 여성들》, Ewha Womans University Press, 2008. ISBN 8973007726, pp.122-123
  4. ^ a b Lee, Peter H; Ch'oe, Yongho; Kang, Hugh G.H. (2013). Introduction to Asian civilizations: Sources of Korean Tradition: Volume One: From Early Times Through the Sixteenth Century. Columbia University Press. pp. 30–32. ISBN 9780231515313. Retrieved 2016-01-29. 
  5. ^ Snodgrass, Mary Ellen (2015). World Clothing and Fashion: An Encyclopedia of History, Culture, and Social Influence. Routledge. ISBN 131745166X. Retrieved 29 January 2016. 
  6. ^ a b Encyclopedia of Korean Folk Literature: Encyclopedia of Korean Folklore and Traditional Culture Vol.3. Seoul: Encyclopedia of Korean Folk Literature: Encyclopedia of Korean Folklore and Traditional Culture. 2014. pp. 150–151. ISBN 9788928900848. Retrieved 2016-01-30. 
  7. ^ Horesh, Niv; Kavalski, Emillian; Kim, Hyunjin (2014). Asian Thought on China's Changing International Relations. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 175. Retrieved 2016-01-29. 
  8. ^ "산상왕" (in Korean). Doopedia. Retrieved 2016-03-09. 
  9. ^ Wontack Hong, 《Korea and Japan in East Asian history: a tripolar approach to East Asian history》, Kudara International, 2006. ISBN 9788985567039, p.78
Sansang of Goguryeo
Died: 227
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King of Goguryeo
Succeeded by