Location of Sanshui District (red) in Foshan City and Guangdong
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||874 km2 (337 sq mi)|
|Elevation||11 m (37 ft)|
|• Density||440/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Licence plate prefix||粤 ET|
|Literal meaning||Three Waters
Sanshui District, formerly romanized as Samshui,[a] is an urban district of the prefecture-level city Foshan in Guangdong, China. It had about 386,000 inhabitants in 2002. It is known for the "Samsui women", emigrants who labor in Singapore, and for a large fireworks explosion in 2008.
According to archaeology sites discovered within the region, there were human beings inhabited in Bai ni town ( Chinese: 白泥鎮 ）Sanshui District about four thousand years ago. Samshui was formerly a town which served as the seat of an eponymous county. It was elevated to city status before becoming an urban district of Foshan.
In February 2008, twenty fireworks warehouses exploded in Sanshui. In total over 15,000 cartons of fireworks were set off over a period of 24 hours. The loss of inventory was extensive enough that U.S. markets faced real shortages of supply.
The neighbouring cities, counties and districts are Gaoyao, Dinghu District and Sihui in the west, Qingxin County and Qingyuan in the north, Huadu District and Nanhai District in the east and Gaoming District in the south-west. Sanshui administers 2 subdistricts and 5 towns:
|Name||Chinese (S)||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010)||Area (km2)|
|Xinan Subdistrict||西南街道||Xīnán Jiēdào||283,819||178.00|
|Yundonghai Subdistrict||云东海街道||Yúndōnghǎi Jiēdào||29,953||56.00|
|Lubao Town||芦苞镇||Lúbāo Zhèn||40,626||105.00|
|Datang Town||大塘镇||Dàtáng Zhèn||46,704||98.23|
|Leping Town||乐平镇||Lèpíng Zhèn||134,508||198.50|
|Baini Town||白坭镇||Báiní Zhèn||64,425||66.46|
|Nanshan Town||南山镇||Nánshān Zhèn||22,610||115.62|
Oil, coal, and slate are found in the surrounding area. However, Sanshui is also an important producer of food for Guangdong Province, especially fruit. The mainstay of the former city's economy was the Jianlibao Company, which produced a soft drink made from oranges and honey. During the 1990s, Jianlibao was a popular drink throughout China and it even made it into the Hong Kong market. However, embezzlement by the company's senior management has reduced its success. Despite Sanshui's proximity to Guangzhou and other Pearl River Delta cities, it remains a relatively poor place with many people only earning a few hundred yuan a month.
Sanshui is on the railway line from Guangzhou to Maoming. The district is served by G15 Shenyang–Haikou Expressway (which provides access to Kaiping and the southern suburbs of Foshan), G55 Erenhot–Guangzhou Expressway (which provides direct access to downtown Guangzhou), China National Highway 321 (which provides access to Zhaoqing) and China National Highway 324.
- Also formerly romanized as San-shwuy Heen.
- Encyclopædia Britannica, 9th ed. (1878), Vol. V, "China".
- 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码：三水区 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2012-07-23.
- shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.
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