Santa Catarina, Cape Verde

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Santa Catarina
Municipality
Location of Santa Catarina
Coordinates: 15°06′N 23°43′W / 15.10°N 23.71°W / 15.10; -23.71Coordinates: 15°06′N 23°43′W / 15.10°N 23.71°W / 15.10; -23.71
Country Cape Verde
Island Santiago
Area
 • Total 242.6 km2 (93.7 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 41,455
 • Density 170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Postal code 72xx

Santa Catarina is a concelho (municipality) of Cape Verde. It is situated in the western part of the island of Santiago. Its seat is the city of Assomada. Its population was 44,388 at the 2013 census.[2]

The president is of the Movement for Democracy (MpD) party who was elected in March 2016.

Subdivisions[edit]

The municipality consists of one freguesia (civil parish), Santa Catarina. The freguesia is subdivided into the following settlements, Its population data was as of 2010:

Geography[edit]

Santa Catarina are dominated by plateaus and agricultural land are common in these areas, mountains dominate the remainder of the municipality. It includes most of Serra da Malagueta and its ranges, the western portion of Pico da Antónia ranges and southwest is Baía do Inferno surrounded by tall cliffs. It has the island's westernmost point.

Santa Catarina borders Tarrafal to the north, São Miguel to the northeast, São Salvador do Mundo to the southeast and Ribeira Grande de Santiago to the south.

History[edit]

A bust to Amilcar Cabral whose father was born in the municipality
Typical landscape of Santa Catarina

In the early 19th century, it covered the southwestern and the northern portions of the island.

In 1833, colonial governor Manuel António Martins tried to move the seat of Santa Catarina from Ribeira Grande in the north around Chão Bom to nearby Picos.[3]

Santa Rita Vieira relates to different places which acted as the municipal (county) seat including Ribeira da Barca in 1845, Casa Grande south of Assomada near Picos between 1845 and between 1851 and 1857, Flamengos near Saltos de Cima between 1846 and 1849, Achada Falcão (in Cabeça Carreira) in 1859 and Mangue in Tarrafal in 1869.[3]

By the end of the 19th century, the Municipality of Santa Catarina occupied the northern half of the island,[4] while the southern half was the Municipality of Praia.

On May 4, 1912, the seat of the municipality moved from Tarrafal to Assomada and became the municipality of Santa Catarina by the colonial governor Joaquim Pedro Vieira Júdice Biker[5] The northern portion split and became its own municipality of Tarrafal. In 1917, two northern parishes of the municipality were split off to become the Municipality of Tarrafal.[6]

A series of demonstrations and rebellions took place in the colonial years, the latter being the struggle for Cape Verdean independence took place in Assomada, one was in 1822, then the Fonteana Revolt in 1835, the Ribeirão Manuel Rebellion in 1910, a petition in 1946, demonstrations over the elevation of the Minister of the Overseas in August 1962 and the student's battle in Spring 1970.[5]

In the mid-20th century, the areas in Serra da Malagueta, the east and the southern part had a large Rabelados population, it included an area that is now the municipality of São Salvador do Mundo.

In February 2005, a southeastern parish of the Municipality was split off to become the Municipality of São Salvador do Mundo.

Cape Verde's third dam would be built on October 30, 2013, its name is the Saquinho Dam (Barragem de Saquinho) and is located in the west of the municipality northwest of Assomada.[7]

Demography[edit]

86% of the population of the municipality area agricuture, its current percentage may be around 70-75%.

Population of Santa Catarina, Cape Verde (1940—2013)
1940[8][9] 1950[8][9] 1960[8][9] 1970[8][9] 1980[8][9] 1990[8][9] 2000[9][10] 2010[2][1] 2013[2]
26848 19428 30207 41462 41012 41584 50024 43297 44388

Presidents[edit]

  • José Maria Neves (2000-2001), later became Prime Minister
  • Francisco Tavares (in 2012)

Persons[edit]

Politics[edit]

At the federal level, it belongs to the constituency of Santiago North.

Festivities[edit]

The municipality's main festivity is the festival of Saint Catherine which takes place on November 24.

International relations[edit]

Santa Catarina is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2010 Census results". Instituto Nacional de Estatística Cabo Verde (in Portuguese). 17 March 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Cape Verde Population Statistics". citypopulation.de. 
  3. ^ a b Vieira, Henrique Lubrano de Santa Rita (1993). A Vila de Assomada. Associação dos Amigos do Concelho de Santa Catarina. p. 14. 
  4. ^ Portuguese National Digital Libeary - Map of the Island of Santiago, 1890 (in Portuguese)
  5. ^ a b Vieira, Henrique Lubrano de Santa Rita (1993). A Vila de Assomada. Associação dos Amigos do Concelho de Santa Catarina. 
  6. ^ "History" (in Portuguese). Municipality of Tarrafal. 
  7. ^ "JMN inaugura Barragem de Saquinho" [Saquinho Dam Opened by JMN]. A Semana (in Portuguese). 30 October 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2013. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f Source: Statoids
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Includes the population of the present-day São Salvador do Mundo municipality.
  10. ^ Source: Instituto Nacional de Estatísticas.
  11. ^ "Lisboa - Geminações de Cidades e Vilas" [Lisbon - Twinning of Cities and Towns]. Associação Nacional de Municípios Portugueses [National Association of Portuguese Municipalities] (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2013-08-23. 

External links[edit]