Santa Cruz, Laguna

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Not to be confused with Santa Cruz La Laguna.
Santa Cruz
Municipality
Santa Cruz Town Hall
Santa Cruz Town Hall
Official seal of Santa Cruz
Seal
Nickname(s): The Capital of Laguna
Location in the province of Laguna
Location in the province of Laguna
Santa Cruz is located in Philippines
Santa Cruz
Santa Cruz
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°16′43″N 121°24′56″E / 14.27861°N 121.41556°E / 14.27861; 121.41556Coordinates: 14°16′43″N 121°24′56″E / 14.27861°N 121.41556°E / 14.27861; 121.41556
Country Philippines
Region CALABARZON (Region IV-A)
Province Laguna
District 4th district of Laguna
Founded 1602
Barangays 26
Government[1]
 • Mayor Domingo G. Panganiban
Area[2]
 • Total 38.59 km2 (14.90 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 110,943
 • Density 2,900/km2 (7,400/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 4009
Dialing code 49
Income class 1st

Santa Cruz is a first class urban municipality and capital of the province of Laguna in the Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 110,943 people.[3]

Santa Cruz is situated on the banks of the Santa Cruz River which flows into the eastern part of Laguna de Bay. The town is bounded by the Bay on the north, by Lumban and Pagsanjan towns in the east, Pagsanjan and Magdalena towns in the south, and Pila in the west. It is approximately 87 kilometres (54 mi) from Manila via Calamba and 105 kilometres (65 mi) via Pililla, in the province of Rizal. It is accessible by land from the nearby 28 municipalities and by water through Laguna de Bay from Manila and some Rizal towns.

Santa Cruz is considered as the service and commercial center on the eastern part of the province. The town is composed of five barangays in the Poblacion area and 21 classified urban barangays. Although relatively far from the immediate urbanizing influence of Metropolitan Manila, Santa Cruz continues to progress. It is now classified as first class municipality. The present administration is headed by the Mayor Denis Panganiban. Santa Cruz is also the seat of the provincial government since 1885, giving the municipality an additional administrative function over the entire province. It also functions as the service center for transportation, commerce, health, education, and other social services for the predominantly rural north-eastern municipalities of the province. Boosting the economy of the municipality are the incipient and fast-growing agribusiness industries such as livestock raising, horticulture and aquaculture. The town is composed of twenty-six (26) urban barangays. All barangays are being classified as urban.

The development of Santa Cruz as the administrative, commercial, and service center of Laguna makes it accessible for all private/public vehicles going to nearby places particularly Pagsanjan, Lake Caliraya, Liliw, Paete and Nagcarlan.

History[edit]

During the last decade of the 16th century, Santa Cruz, the premier town of Laguna was once a well populated barrio of the present municipality of Lumban, as well as other contemporary towns like Pagsanjan, Cavinti, Paete and Pangil. In 1602, Santa Cruz separated from Lumban and became a pueblo with its church and local government.

It is a town which since its foundation in 1602, had been ravaged by calamitous forces such as fires, typhoons, floods and human vandalism during the Philippine Revolution of 1896-1899, the war of the Philippine Independence (1899–1902), Battle of Santa Cruz, the assault of the Tulisanes (bandits) during the Spanish times, and the beginning to the Filipino troops of the pre-war 4th and 42nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and recognized guerrillas from the Second Battle of Santa Cruz on January 26, 1945. Santa Cruz survived all these disasters.

Characterized by fertile flat lands situated along the coastal plains of Laguna de Bay, the economic base of the town had been traditionally anchored on two primary industries, namely agriculture and fishing which still remain up to the present. In view of the strategic location of Santa Cruz relative to the other coastal settlements about the lake, trading activities have likewise rooted on the town during those early settlement days. The town proper which has always been the focal point of activities used to be accessible to the other lake-shore areas due to the navigable Santa Cruz River aside from the Laguna de Bay itself. Since those early days, water is the principal mode of transportation.

Today, Santa Cruz serves as the capital of Laguna and is considered as the business and commercial center on the eastern part of the province.[1]

Geography[edit]

Aerial view with Sta. Cruz in the centre and Pila in the foreground

Situated at the central portion of Laguna province along the south-eastern coast of Laguna de Bay, the Municipality of Santa Cruz lies approximately 87 kilometres (54 mi) southeast of Metro Manila via Calamba and is geographically located at approximately 14 degrees 17' latitude and 121 degrees 25' longitude. The municipality is bounded on the north and north-west by Laguna de Bay, on the north-east by Lumban, on the east by Pagsanjan, on the southeast by Magdalena, on the south by Liliw, and on the south-west by Pila. It has 26 barangays and covers approximate land area of 3860 hectares which comprises about 2% of the total land area of Laguna Province.

  • Land Area: 3,860 hectares
  • Residential: 381.97
  • Commercial: 35.96
  • Institutional: 92.17
  • Functional Open Space: 31.27
  • Roads: 157.73
  • Total Built-up: 696.10
  • Agricultural: 3,048.57
  • Special Use: 115.33

[Note on land area: The land area shown in the preceding list (3,860 hectares) is greater than the area computed by Geographic Information System software (3,797 hectares).][4]

Topography[edit]

Santa Cruz is located on an extremely flat and low terrain. Two thirds of the land area are lower than fifteen meters above mean sea level. The highest points—no more than 35 meters high—are on the southern border with the municipalities of Magdalena and Liliw.[5]

Climate[edit]

Like most areas in the province of Laguna, the climate of Santa Cruz is characterized by two pronounced seasons: dry from January to April and wet during the rest of the year. The municipality has annual temperature of 27.2 degree Celsius and annual rainfall of 1962.7mm. Northeasterly winds with an average wind speed of 9 knots prevail in the municipality.

Geology[edit]

The two types of rocks found in Santa Cruz are alluvium and clastic rocks. Clastic rocks are located at the eastern portion of the municipality specifically in Barangay Alipit, San Jose, Oogong, Jasaan, San Juan, Palasan, and portions of Barangays Pagsawitan, Patimbao, Bubukal, Labuin and Malinao. These rocks consist of inter-bedded shale and sandstone with occasional thin lenses of limestone, tuff, and reworked sandy tuffs, calcareous sandstone and partly tuffaceous shale.

Barangays[edit]

Santa Cruz is politically subdivided into 26 barangays.[2]

  • Alipit
  • Bagumbayan
  • Bubukal
  • Calios
  • Duhat
  • Gatid
  • Jasaan
  • Labuin
  • Malinao
  • Oogong
  • Pagsawitan
  • Palasan
  • Patimbao
  • Poblacion I
  • Poblacion II
  • Poblacion III
  • Poblacion IV
  • Poblacion V
  • San Jose
  • San Juan
  • San Pablo Norte
  • San Pablo Sur
  • Santisima Cruz
  • Santo Angel Central
  • Santo Angel Norte
  • Santo Angel Sur

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Santa Cruz
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 76,603 —    
1995 86,978 +2.41%
2000 92,694 +1.37%
2007 101,914 +1.32%
2010 110,943 +3.14%
Source: National Statistics Office[3]

Economy[edit]

Annual local government tax collection:

  • 2008 — 160,196,679.38
  • 2007 — ₱ 135,792,097.46
  • 2006 — ₱ 128,812,429.41
  • 2005 — ₱ 117,351,293.14

Commerce[edit]

Santa Cruz Public Market viewed from Regidor Street near Santisima Elementary School

The provincial capital of Laguna, Santa Cruz serves as service center of the province particularly for the municipalities on its north-eastern part.

Trade and commerce remain to be one of the primary economic activities in the locality. The presence of jeepney services plying Lumban, Paete, Siniloan, San Pablo, Pila, Victoria, Cavinti-Caliraya, Luisiana, Majayjay, Calumpang, Nagcarlan, Liliw, Magdalena, Pagsanjan, and Calamba has further enhanced the municipality's role as a commerce and trade center.

The center of business activities is in the poblacion specifically at Barangay V where the four (4) buildings of Public Market is situated.

Santa Cruz has many establishment that contribute to its development. Development in this vicinity has been a quasi-residential commercial type as manifested by the proliferation of structures which are used both for business and residential purposes by the proprietors/owners. There is also a concentration of business establishments at the section of the national highway/expressway especially Barangay Gatid where a Mall is located, and the abandoned PNR Railway (road) while a strip pattern of commercial development is noticeable along the Quezon Avenue and along the old highway and Pedro Guevarra Avenue. Along P Guevarra Avenue, several establishments are also located such as Hospitals, Meralco office, PLDT office, Red Cross, several Banking Institutions, and Executive Eminent Lending Company. There is also SL Agritech Corporation, in Barangay Oogong, Santa Cruz, Laguna,

Points of interest[edit]

 Pedro Guevara Avenue, in front of the Iglesia ni Cristo church.
Pedro Guevara Avenue, in front of the Iglesia ni Cristo church (left).

Santa Cruz may not have natural tourist spots and no wide areas to develop but one thing the townsmen of Santa Cruz are proud of are the local foods available in the town. Santa Cruz boasts of the famous white cheese or kesong puti, freshly made from carabao's milk.

Pedro Guevara Avenue. At left is the Spanish-era Escolapia building. The bell tower of the Church of the Immaculate Conception can be seen at the background.
Pedro Guevara Avenue. At left is the Spanish-era Escuela Pía building. The bell tower of the Church of the Immaculate Conception can be seen at the background.

Events[edit]

Santa Cruz hosted the Palarong Pambansa from May 4–10, 2014.[6]

Education[edit]

Kindergarten schools:

  • Public: 35
  • Private: 10

Elementary (primary and intermediate):

  • Public: 16
  • Private: 11

High schools:

  • Public: 2
  • Private: 6

Colleges:

  • Public: 2
  • Private: 8

Vocational:

  • Public: 1
  • Private: 2

Number of students:

  • Elementary: 15,291
  • High school: 8,155
  • Tertiary: 10,914

Partial list of schools:

  • Santa Cruz Central Elementary School (The Central School of Santa Cruz)
  • Bagumbayan Elementary School
  • Bubukal Elementary School
  • Calios Elementary School
  • Duhat Elementary School
  • Gatid Elementary School
  • Oogong Elementary School
  • Pagsawitan Elementary School
  • Palasan Elementary School
  • Patimbao Elementary School
  • San Jose Elementary School
  • Santisima Cruz Elementary School
  • Santo Angel Central Elementary School
  • Santo Angel Norte Elementary School
  • Santo Angel Sur Elementary School
  • Silangan Elementary School
  • Pedro Guevara Memorial National High School
  • Basic Christian International School and Special Education Center, Inc.
  • ACTS Computer College
  • AMA Computer University
  • AMA Computer Learning Center
  • Capitol View Christian School
  • Immaculate Conception Catholic College (formerly Don Bosco High School)
  • Laguna Santiago Educational Foundation Inc.
  • Laguna State Polytechnic University
  • Laguna University
  • Little Javannah Montessori School
  • Our Lady of Maulawin Educational Foundation, Inc.
  • Philippine Women's University
  • Maranatha Christian Academy
  • SHARPMINDS Tutorial Center
  • STI College
  • St. Therese Martin of Lisieux School and Business High School
  • United Evangelical Church School
  • Union College of Laguna
  • Southbay Montessori School
  • GOAL-DEN Learners Center
  • iExcel Learning Hub
  • RMC Tutorial Center
  • Mind Builders Academy
  • Rabbi Excellent Christian School

Hospitals[edit]

Private Hospitals: 3 Rural Health Units: 2 Government Hospital: 1 Health Centers: 26

  • Laguna Doctors Hospital
  • Laguna Holy Family Hospital
  • Jesus the Saviour Hospital

Malls and Supermarkets[edit]

  • SunStar Mall
  • SM Savemore Santa Cruz
  • Goodwill Supermarket
  • Budgetlane Supermarket

Financial Institutions[edit]

  • China Bank Savings
  • Banco Laguna, Inc. (A Rural Bank since 1965)
  • Executive Eminent Loans & Credit. Inc
  • Eastwest Banking corporation

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: LAGUNA". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  4. ^ Cruz, Gis Santa (2015-11-27). "Santa Cruz Geospatial: Municipal and barangay boundaries for Google Earth". Santa Cruz Geospatial. Retrieved 2015-12-04. 
  5. ^ Cruz, Gis Santa (2015-10-26). "Santa Cruz Geospatial: Elevation Map". Santa Cruz Geospatial. Retrieved 2015-10-30. 
  6. ^ "Laguna wins Palaro hosting bid". October 24, 2013. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Pagsanjan
Capital of Laguna
1858-present
Succeeded by
Present