Santa Cruz Church (Manila)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Santa Cruz Church
Archdiocesan Shrine of the Blessed Sacrament
Pang-Arkidiyosesis na Dambana ng Kabanal-Banalang Sakramento
Simbahan ng Nuestra Señora Del Pilar de Manila
Santa Cruz Church Main Facade.jpg
Façade and belfry of Santa Cruz Church
Santa Cruz Church is located in Metro Manila
Santa Cruz Church
Santa Cruz Church
Location in Metro Manila
14°35′56″N 120°58′49″E / 14.599°N 120.9804°E / 14.599; 120.9804Coordinates: 14°35′56″N 120°58′49″E / 14.599°N 120.9804°E / 14.599; 120.9804
LocationPlaza Sta. Cruz, Manila
CountryPhilippines
DenominationRoman Catholic, (Sacramentino)
History
StatusParish & Shrine
Founded
  • 1768
  • June 3, 2018 (as a Archdiocesan Shrine)
Founder(s)Jesuits
Dedication
Relics held
Architecture
Functional statusActive
Heritage designationNational Historical Commission of the Philippines
Architectural typeChurch Building
StyleBaroque
Specifications
Number of domes1
MaterialsConcrete
Administration
ArchdioceseManila
Clergy
ArchbishopHis Eminence Luis Antonio Cardinal G. Tagle, D.D.
RectorRev. Fr. Rusend Paragas, SSS
Assistant priest(s)Rev. Fr. Lenen, Deciar, SSS (Asst. Parish Priest)

Santa Cruz Church also known as Archdiocesan Shrine of The Blessed Sacrament is a Baroque Roman Catholic church located in Santa Cruz district, Manila, Philippines. It was built when the arrabal (suburb) of Santa Cruz was established by the Jesuits in the early 17th century. The church had undergone many repairs and reconstruction, with the last reconstruction done in the 1950s. It is the first Mission and Mother house of Filipino Sacramentinos, making it as the center of Congregation Activities and events

The church façade is topped with an statue of Our Lady of the Pillar, the patroness of the church, whose feast is held every 3rd Sunday of October. On 7 December 2017 Pope Francis granted the Canonical coronation of the venerated image. The current parish priest is Fr. Rudsend P. Paragas, SSS.

On June 3, 2018, as part of the Church-wide celebrations of Corpus Christi, it was officially raised to an Archdiocesan Shrine by the decree of the Archbishop of Manila, Luis Antonio Cardinal Tagle, in the Archdiocese-wide holiday mass held in the church.

Architecture[edit]

The Jesuits built the first Catholic church in the area where the present Santa Cruz Parish stands on June 20, 1619. The original church design was made of stone and wood.[1] The Jesuits enshrined the image of Our Lady of Pilar in 1643 to serve the predominantly Chinese residents in the area.[2] The first church was made of stone and wood was built in the 17th century. On June 3, 1863 an earthquake destroyed the church. Fr. Agustin de Mendoza began reconstruction work on the church in 1868.

The church facade is characteristically Baroque with Ionic piers vertically dividing the first two levels in three parts. Three semicircular arch doorways form as main entrance to the church. A Celtic-like window flanked by small semicircular windows is found at the center of the second level. Forming as the pediment, the topmost level has its raking cornice in undulating liens emanating from the broken pediment found above the statued niche. The domed belfry rises on the right in six levels.[3]

The original structure of the church was twice damaged by earthquakes and then completely destroyed during the Battle of Manila. The present building of the church, reconstructed in 1957, was designed to reflect the Spanish baroque style.[2]

Notable priest(s)[edit]

Saint

Blessed

  • Blessed Julian Moreno, O.A.R. Brother of St. Ezequeil Moreno, O.A.R.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Olbés, p. 14.
  2. ^ a b Gopal, Lou (August 8, 2012). "Santa Cruz". Manila Nostalgia. Retrieved June 2, 2014.
  3. ^ Alarcon, Norma (1991). Philippine Architecture During the Pre-Spanish and Spanish Periods. Manila: Santo Tomas University Press. ISBN 971-506-040-4.

Bibliography

  • Olbés, Rene (2000). The Philippines:A Century Hence. Makati City, Philippines: Rene Olbés and Associates. pp. 14–15. ISBN 971-92288-0-6.