Santa Cruz do Sul

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Município de Santa Cruz do Sul
Municipality
Coat of arms of Município de Santa Cruz do Sul
Coat of arms
Location in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Location in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
Coordinates: 29°43′04″S 52°25′33″W / 29.71778°S 52.42583°W / -29.71778; -52.42583Coordinates: 29°43′04″S 52°25′33″W / 29.71778°S 52.42583°W / -29.71778; -52.42583
Country Brazil
Region South
State Rio Grande do Sul
Founded 31 March 1877
Government
 • Mayor Telmo José Kirst (PP)
Area[1]
 • Total 733.5 km2 (283.2 sq mi)
Elevation 122 m (400 ft)
Population (2016 est.)[1]
 • Total 126,775
 • Density 170/km2 (450/sq mi)
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Website santacruz.rs.gov.br

Santa Cruz do Sul (About this sound pronunciation ) is a city in central Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The city has an estimate 126,775 inhabitants as of 2016 and sits about 150 km (93 miles) from the capital city of the state, Porto Alegre. The city enjoys a high standard of living and gross income per capita is 2.5 times greater than that of the state of Rio Grande do Sul as a whole.

Demographics[edit]

The population of Santa Cruz do Sul has steadily increased, with help from immigration to Brazil during its early history - in 1849 there were 12 inhabitants, ten years later the city population had reached 2723 people and in 1878 there were ten thousand inhabitants.[2] Most of the early immigrants were farmers and craftsmen.

Population of Santa Cruz do Sul
Year Pop.
1890 15,536 [3]
1900 23,158 [3]
1920 41,136 [3]
1940 55,041 [3]
1950 69,605 [3]
1960 75,931 [3]
1970 86,787 [3]
1980 99,645 [3]
1991 117,773 [3][a]
2000 107,642 [3][b]
2007 115,857 [3]
2010 106,669 [4]
2016 126,775 [1]
Multiple sources with conflicting values for the population.


Agriculture[edit]

The area around Santa Cruz do Sul is mainly agricultural, and produces large quantities of tobacco and soy beans for animal fodder. Most of the tobacco produced in the area is exported as a raw material for cigarette manufacturing plants all over the world. Soy bean processing plants sell several million tons of animal fodder annually, for domestic use and for export.[2]

Oktoberfest[edit]

Each year, the citizens of Santa Cruz do Sul and visitors from the region celebrate Oktoberfest. The city has a large population of German-Brazilians. Thousands turn out each year for the celebration. The Oktoberfest in Santa Cruz do Sul is the third largest in the world, leaving behind only the Oktoberfest in Munich in Germany and Oktoberfest Blumenal of the state of Santa Cartarina in Brazil as well.

Tourism[edit]

The Cathedral of São João Batista is one of the main tourist draws in the city. The adjacent block in front of the Cathedral, Getúlio Vargas Square, is adorned with fountains and trees. São João Batista Cathedral is one of the largest cathedrals in all of Brazil. The main edifice was built between 1928 and 1932 and the two 82-meter (269 ft) tall towers were added later.

Galery[edit]

Panorama of Santa Cruz do Sul in 2017, taken from the north side of the city

Awards[edit]

The Prefeitura Municipal de Santa Cruz do Sul won a 2004 Energy Globe Award for the João-de-Barro Bom-Plac House Project.[5]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c (Portuguese) "Santa Cruz do Sul". Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics. Retrieved 21 Jan 2017. 
  2. ^ a b MONTALI, Lilia (1979). Universidade de São Paulo, ed. Do núcleo colonial ao capitalismo monopolista: produção de fumo em Santa Cruz do Sul (Thesis) (in Portuguese). 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Molina, G.S.L.F. (2010). Um estudo comparado sobre o desenvolvimento industrial de Caxias do Sul e de Santa Cruz do Sul (Thesis) (in Portuguese). Universidade de Santa Cruz do Sul. p. 154. Retrieved 7 March 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c "Tabela 202: População residente, por sexo e situação do domicílio". IBGE. Retrieved 7 March 2017. 
  5. ^ "World Energy Globe Award (Earth)". Energy Globe. Retrieved 7 March 2017. 
  1. ^ 78,291 according to [4]
  2. ^ 96,410 according to [4]