Santa Cruz mouse

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Santa Cruz mouse
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Cricetidae
Subfamily: Neotominae
Genus: Peromyscus
Species:
P. sejugis
Binomial name
Peromyscus sejugis
Burt, 1932

The Santa Cruz mouse (Peromyscus sejugis) is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is endemic to Mexico, where it is found only on two small islands in the southern Gulf of California. Feral cats on Santa Cruz Island are a threat.[1]

Description[edit]

The Santa Cruz mouse is a relatively large member of its genus, measuring 16 to 20 cm (6.3 to 7.9 in) in total length, including a tail 7 to 9 cm (2.8 to 3.5 in) long, and weighing an average of 22 g (0.78 oz). The fur on the upper parts of the body is a dull greyish color, with a yellow-brown face, and sometimes a yellowish line along the flanks. The underparts are white, and the tail is distinctly darker on its upper surface than on its lower. It is generally similar in appearance to the North American deermouse, but is larger, with a longer snout and a duller color.[2]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The mouse is found only on Santa Cruz Island and the neighboring islet of San Diego, both of which lie in the south-western Gulf of California, about 17 km (11 mi) from the mainland. The larger island, with an area of 14 km2 (5.4 sq mi), is rocky and rugged, with the dominant vegetation including elephant trees, clustervines, and nettlespurge. Mice have been collected from the bottoms of ravines on the island, rather than on the hilltops. San Diego Island, with an area of just 1.3 km2 (0.50 sq mi), is little more than a single rocky mound with some ground vegetation and cacti. Santa Cruz mice are the only native mammals known to live on the islands.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Álvarez-Castañeda, S.T. & Castro-Arellano, I. (2008). "Peromyscus sejugis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T16688A6290157. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T16688A6290157.en. Retrieved 24 December 2017.
  2. ^ a b Alvarez-Castañeda, S.T. (2001). "Peromyscus sejugis" (PDF). Mammalian Species. 658: 1–2. doi:10.1644/1545-1410(2001)658<0001:ps>2.0.co;2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2015.