Santa Fe River (Florida)

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Santa Fe
River
Santa Fe River High Springs east03.jpg
Santa Fe River, north of High Springs
Name origin: Spanish
Country United States
State Florida
Cities Keystone Heights, Branford
Source Lake Santa Fe
 - location Keystone Heights, Florida
Mouth Suwannee River
 - location Branford, Florida
Length 75 mi (121 km)
Basin 1,380 sq mi (3,574 km2)
Santaferivermap.png
Santa Fe River Drainage Basin

The Santa Fe River is a 75-mile (121 km) river in northern Florida. The watershed of the river is approximately 1,380 square miles (3,574 km2) and spreads across southern Columbia, southern Suwannee, western Bradford, far southern Baker, Union, northern and eastern Gilchrist, and northern Alachua counties.[1] The headwaters of the river are Lake Santa Fe, near Keystone Heights.[2] The Santa Fe River is usually a slow-flowing river.[clarification needed] This slow speed, combined with the abundant leaf-drop from nearby trees, especially Bald Cypress, leads to a very dark-brown river.

The Santa Fe River is unusual in that it completely disappears underground and then reappears 3 miles (4.8 km) downstream. The river drops into a large sinkhole in O'Leno State Park and reappears in the adjacent River Rise Preserve State Park. A map of the watershed clearly shows the gap in the river where it flows underground.[3] Springs like Gilchrist Blue, Ginnie, Hornsby, Lily, Poe, and Rum Island springs are located at the banks of the river, mostly downstream of the river's reappearance above ground level.[4]

The water temperature near the numerous springs is always around 72 °F (22 °C).[5] The area is sparsely populated compared to the rest of Florida, there have been sightings of animals like the black bear, bobcat, the rare Florida panther and due to the near-constant water temperatures along many portions of the river, manatees.[6] As with many rivers in Florida, plant and animal fossil remnants are plentiful along the Santa Fe.[7][8][9]

The tributaries of the Santa Fe include the New River, Olustee Creek, and Ichetucknee River, another spring-fed river.[5] The Santa Fe empties into the Suwannee River near Branford, Florida.[10]

The river derives its name from a Franciscan mission named Santa Fé de Toloca formerly located near the river.[11]

List of crossings[edit]

Crossing[12] Carries[13] Image Location Coordinates
Headwaters (Santa Fe Lake) Waldo 29°26′33″N 82°02′35″W / 29.44248°N 82.04311°W / 29.44248; -82.04311
Culvert CR 1471 jct.svg County Road 1471 Waldo 29°49′55″N 82°08′16″W / 29.831823°N 82.137833°W / 29.831823; -82.137833
Railroad Waldo 29°50′00″N 82°08′56″W / 29.833462°N 82.149002°W / 29.833462; -82.149002
260107, 260108 US 301.svg US 301 Hampton 29°50′22″N 82°09′49″W / 29.839430°N 82.163572°W / 29.839430; -82.163572
Unnamed Road Hampton 29°50′44″N 82°12′21″W / 29.845497°N 82.205842°W / 29.845497; -82.205842
CR 225 jct.svg N County Road 225 Hampton 29°50′47″N 82°13′10″W / 29.846297°N 82.219421°W / 29.846297; -82.219421
SW 136th Avenue Brooker 29°50′50″N 82°15′50″W / 29.847093°N 82.263991°W / 29.847093; -82.263991
260025 Florida 235.svg FL 235 Brooker 29°52′44″N 82°20′10″W / 29.878799°N 82.336211°W / 29.878799; -82.336211
260032 CR 1493 jct.svg County Road 1493 Brooker 29°52′53″N 82°23′05″W / 29.881297°N 82.384824°W / 29.881297; -82.384824
Confluence with New River Worthington Springs 29°55′24″N 82°25′07″W / 29.923204°N 82.418574°W / 29.923204; -82.418574
260111 Florida 121.svg FL 121 Alachua-Union FL Santa Fe River east02.jpg Worthington Springs 29°55′19″N 82°25′35″W / 29.921824°N 82.426330°W / 29.921824; -82.426330
260086 CR 241 jct.svg SW County Road 241 Worthington Springs 29°56′34″N 82°30′24″W / 29.942729°N 82.506794°W / 29.942729; -82.506794
290086, 290087 I-75.svg I-75 High Springs 29°55′36″N 82°33′32″W / 29.926593°N 82.558769°W / 29.926593; -82.558769
260112 US 41.svg US 41/US 441.svg US 441 Santa Fe River High Springs west02.jpg High Springs 29°51′11″N 82°36′30″W / 29.853014°N 82.608462°W / 29.853014; -82.608462
260006 US 27.svg US 27 US-27 Santa Fe River.jpg High Springs 29°50′34″N 82°37′50″W / 29.842745°N 82.630659°W / 29.842745; -82.630659
310007 Florida 47.svg FL 47 FL47 bridge over Santa Fe River, Santa Fe River Park 2.JPG Fort White 29°51′54″N 82°44′24″W / 29.865017°N 82.740092°W / 29.865017; -82.740092
confluence with Ichetucknee River Fort White 29°55′56″N 82°48′01″W / 29.932325°N 82.800262°W / 29.932325; -82.800262
310005 US 129.svg US 129 Branford 29°54′42″N 82°51′36″W / 29.911679°N 82.860095°W / 29.911679; -82.860095
Mouth (Suwannee River) Branford 29°53′14″N 82°52′46″W / 29.887257°N 82.879563°W / 29.887257; -82.879563

References[edit]

  1. ^ Florida State Map Collection. Geology.com
  2. ^ Lake Santa Fe Archived 2004-07-23 at the Wayback Machine.. Florida Department of Environmental Protection.
  3. ^ Figure 6 - Map of Santa Fe River Suwannee River Watershed. United States Environmental Protection Agency.[dead link]
  4. ^ Florida Department of Environmental Protection. "Santa Fe Springs". Florida's Springs. Retrieved on 2012-11-16.
  5. ^ a b Canoe Trips Archived 2007-02-12 at the Wayback Machine.. UF Canoe & Rafting Club.
  6. ^ Gilchrist County, The natural place to live
  7. ^ Fossiliferous. E.R.Matheau-Raven. Archived October 24, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  8. ^ COLLECTING FOSSIL PLANTS IN FLORIDA. Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida.
  9. ^ Diets, habitat preferences, and niche differentiation of Cenozoic sirenians from Florida: evidence from stable isotopes MacFadden, Bruce J; Higgins, Pennilyn; Clementz, Mark T; Jones, Douglas S. Paleobiology, Spring 2004.
  10. ^ Suwannee River Watershed. National Showcase Watersheds, United States Environmental Protection Agency.
  11. ^ Simpson, J. Clarence (1956). Mark F. Boyd, ed. Florida Place-Names of Indian Derivation. Tallahassee, Florida: Florida Geological Survey. 
  12. ^ FDOT Florida Bridge Data 01-05-2010 Archived 2011-06-16 at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. [http://viewer.nationalmap.gov/viewer/ The National Map

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°50′55″N 82°11′35″W / 29.848535°N 82.193034°W / 29.848535; -82.193034