Santa Isabel, São Paulo

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Santa Isabel
08-07-09 141619 sisabel vista do mirante I.jpg
Flag of Santa Isabel
Flag
Coat of arms of Santa Isabel
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Paraíso da Grande São Paulo ("Greater São Paulo's paradise")
Location of Santa Isabel
Location of Santa Isabel
Santa Isabel is located in Brazil
Santa Isabel
Santa Isabel
Location of Santa Isabel
Coordinates: 23°18′57″S 46°13′15″W / 23.31583°S 46.22083°W / -23.31583; -46.22083Coordinates: 23°18′57″S 46°13′15″W / 23.31583°S 46.22083°W / -23.31583; -46.22083
Country Brazil
RegionSoutheast
State São Paulo
Government
 • MayorFábia Porto Rossetti (PRB)
Area
 • Total363.33 km2 (140.28 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)[1]
 • Total54,926
 • Density150/km2 (390/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (UTC-2)
HDI (2000)0,766 medium
WebsiteSanta Isabel City Hall
Street Juscelino Kubitschek in Vila Nova Santa Isabel.

Santa Isabel (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈsɐ̃tɐ jzɐˈbɛw]) is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. It is part of the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo.[2] The population is 54,926 (2015 est.) in an area of 363.33 km².[1] The elevation is 655 m. It is located 60 miles east of the downtown of the city of São Paulo.

History[edit]

The town of Santa Isabel was named after a Portuguese queen, Isabel or Elizabeth of Aragon (b. 1271- d. 1336), who was canonized by Pope Urban VIII in 1625. The town was founded in the 18th century, when Brazil was still a colony of Portugal.

Geography and ecology[edit]

Santa Isabel belongs to the Guarulhos macro region, thus it is part of the Greater São Paulo region as well. The municipality lies in the basins of the Rio Jaguari and the Rio Paraíba do Sul and 84% of the municipality is protected by environmental laws because of its significance as a potable water source [3] The municipality contains part of the 292,000 hectares (720,000 acres) Mananciais do Rio Paraíba do Sul Environmental Protection Area, created in 1982 to protect the sources of the Paraíba do Sul.[4]

The area suffered ecologically from unauthorized uses and in 1996 the Ibirapitanga Reserve on the Rio dos Pilões was created to preserve one of the last stands of Brazilian Atlantic forest and to permit managed urban growth.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística
  2. ^ Lei Complementar nº 1.139, de 16 de junho de 2011
  3. ^ a b "Reserva Ibirapitanga - Histórico (Ibirapitanga Reserve - History)" (in Portuguese). Associação dos Proprietários em Reserva Ibirapitanga (APRI).
  4. ^ Unidade de Conservação: Área de Proteção Ambiental Bacia Hidrográfica do Paraíba do Sul (in Portuguese), MMA: Ministério do Meio Ambiente, retrieved 2016-10-01