Santa Maria Val Müstair

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Santa Maria Val Müstair
Former municipality of Switzerland
Santa Maria Val Muestair.JPG
Coat of arms of Santa Maria Val Müstair
Coat of arms
Santa Maria Val Müstair is located in Switzerland
Santa Maria Val Müstair
Santa Maria Val Müstair
Location of Santa Maria Val Müstair
Karte Gemeinde Santa Maria Val Müstair.png
Santa Maria Val Müstair is located in Canton of Graubünden
Santa Maria Val Müstair
Santa Maria Val Müstair
Santa Maria Val Müstair (Canton of Graubünden)
Coordinates: 46°36′N 10°25′E / 46.600°N 10.417°E / 46.600; 10.417Coordinates: 46°36′N 10°25′E / 46.600°N 10.417°E / 46.600; 10.417
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Inn
Area
 • Total 41.54 km2 (16.04 sq mi)
Elevation 1,375 m (4,511 ft)
Population
 • Total 339
 • Density 8.2/km2 (21/sq mi)
Postal code 7536
SFOS number 3844
Surrounded by Bormio (IT-SO), , Müstair, Stilfs (IT-BZ), Taufers im Münstertal (IT-BZ), Valchava, Valdidentro (IT-SO)
Website www.stamaria.ch
SFSO statistics

Santa Maria Val Müstair (Romansh: Soncha Maria) is a village in the Val Müstair municipality in the district of Inn in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. In 2009 Santa Maria Val Müstair merged with , Müstair, Fuldera, Tschierv and Valchava to form the municipality of Val Müstair.[1]

History[edit]

Sta. Maria Val Müstair is first mentioned in 1167–70 as die Kapelle Sancte Mariae in Silvaplana.[2]

Geography[edit]

Santa Maria Val Müstair
One of the main streets in Santa Maria Val Müstair

Sta. Maria Val Müstair has an area, as of 2006, of 41.6 km2 (16.1 sq mi). Of this area, 31.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 24.7% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 1.2% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (42.1%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The village is located in the Val Müstair sub-district (now Val Müstair municipality) of the Inn district. It is along the Umbrail pass road. It consists of the cross-shaped village of Sta. Maria Val Müstair and the alpine settlements of Craistas, Büglios and Pütschai as well as the hamlet of Sielva which includes the hospital. Until 1995 Sta. Maria Val Müstair was known as Santa Maria im Münstertal.[1]

Population[edit]

Sta. Maria Val Müstair has a population (as of 2008) of 339, of which 8.8% are foreign nationals.[4] Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of −14.8%.[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 54.2% male and 45.8% female.[5] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Sta. Maria Val Müstair is; 7 children or 4.5% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 6 teenagers or 3.9% are 10 to 14, and 10 teenagers or 6.5% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 13 people or 8.4% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 15 people or 9.7% are 30 to 39, 25 people or 16.2% are 40 to 49, and 26 people or 16.9% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 27 people or 17.5% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 19 people or 12.3% are 70 to 79, there are 4 people or 2.6% who are 80 to 89, and there are 2 people or 1.3% who are 90 to 99.[4]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 43.7% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SPS (23.3%), the FDP (19.6%) and the CVP (11.8%).[3]

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Sta. Maria Val Müstair about 63.7% of the population (between age 25–64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Sta. Maria Val Müstair has an unemployment rate of 1.45%. As of 2005, there were 32 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 10 businesses involved in this sector. 49 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 10 businesses in this sector. 192 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 32 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1850 437 —    
1900 385 −11.9%
1950 420 +9.1%
2000 327 −22.1%

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks Rhaeto-Romance (69.7%), with German being second most common (25.4%) and Portuguese being third ( 2.4%).[3] Most of the population speaks the Jauer dialect of Romansh, though even in the 19th Century there was a German-speaking minority. In 1880 about 81% of the population spoke Romansh as their first language, in 1910 it was 63%, in 1941 it was 74% and in 1970 it had grown to 81%.

Languages in Santa Maria
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 78 20.31% 106 28.73% 83 25.38%
Romansh 295 76.82% 259 70.19% 228 69.72%
Italian 5 1.30% 3 0.81% 2 0.61%
Population 384 100% 369 100% 327 100%

Climate[edit]

Sta. Maria Val Müstair has an average of 94.6 days of rain per year and on average receives 801 mm (31.5 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is August during which time Sta. Maria Val Müstair receives an average of 105 mm (4.1 in) of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 10.6 days. The driest month of the year is February with an average of 34 mm (1.3 in) of precipitation over 10.6 days.[6]

Climate data for Sta. Maria, Val Müstair (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.7
(33.3)
3.0
(37.4)
6.8
(44.2)
10.4
(50.7)
15.6
(60.1)
19.2
(66.6)
21.5
(70.7)
20.4
(68.7)
16.1
(61)
11.2
(52.2)
4.6
(40.3)
0.7
(33.3)
10.9
(51.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.8
(27)
−2.1
(28.2)
1.3
(34.3)
5.1
(41.2)
10.1
(50.2)
13.5
(56.3)
15.5
(59.9)
14.7
(58.5)
10.8
(51.4)
6.4
(43.5)
0.9
(33.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
5.9
(42.6)
Average low °C (°F) −6.1
(21)
−6.1
(21)
−2.9
(26.8)
0.6
(33.1)
5.1
(41.2)
7.9
(46.2)
10.1
(50.2)
9.8
(49.6)
6.7
(44.1)
3.0
(37.4)
−1.9
(28.6)
−5.2
(22.6)
1.8
(35.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 32
(1.26)
28
(1.1)
40
(1.57)
59
(2.32)
78
(3.07)
90
(3.54)
108
(4.25)
103
(4.06)
76
(2.99)
80
(3.15)
72
(2.83)
46
(1.81)
811
(31.93)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 39.3
(15.47)
30
(11.8)
31.1
(12.24)
17.6
(6.93)
3.5
(1.38)
0.1
(0.04)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
5.9
(2.32)
29.2
(11.5)
42.2
(16.61)
198.9
(78.31)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.4 5.1 6.1 7.8 9.6 10.3 11.1 10.8 7.7 8.1 7.5 6.7 96.2
Average snowy days (≥ 1.0 cm) 39.3 30 31.1 17.6 3.5 0.1 0 0 0 5.9 29.2 42.2 198.9
Average relative humidity (%) 65 63 64 65 66 64 65 71 73 75 71 69 68
Source: MeteoSwiss [7]

Personalities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (in German) accessed 23 September 2009
  2. ^ a b Sta. Maria Val Müstair in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 4 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 13-Oct-2009
  4. ^ a b Graubunden Population Statistics Archived 27 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ Graubunden in Numbers Archived 24 September 2009 at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 21 September 2009
  6. ^ "Temperature and Precipitation Average Values-Table, 1961–1990" (in German, French, and Italian). Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology – MeteoSwiss. Archived from the original on 27 June 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2009. , the weather station elevation is 1390 meters above sea level.
  7. ^ "Climate Norm Value Tables". Climate diagrams and normals from Swiss measuring stations. Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology (MeteoSwiss). Archived from the original on 14 May 2013. Retrieved 23 January 2013.  The weather station elevation is 1383 meters above sea level.