Carrión de los Condes
|Carrión de los Condes|
|Autonomous community||Castile and León|
|Comarca||Tierra de Campos|
|• Mayor||José Manuel Otero (Ciudadanos (C´s))|
|• Total||63.37 km2 (24.47 sq mi)|
|Elevation||830 m (2,720 ft)|
|• Density||36/km2 (94/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
In 1072, after losing the nearby Battle of Golpejera, Alfonso VI of León took refuge in Carrion's Church of Santa María de las Victorias, (or Santa Maria del Camino.) Alfonso ultimately chose exile, where he sought refuge in Toledo, which was then in Moorish hands.
In 1209, Hospital de la Herrada was established by Gonzalo Rodríguez Girón, a Palencia tycoon who became steward of the king, to provide assistance to the Jacobean pilgrims and other travelers. It had considerable influence and power in the area in the 13th and 14th centuries.
Jewish presence in Carrión
The town was inhabited by Jews at an early date. Although they outnumbered the Christians both in numbers and in property, they submitted in 1126 to the victorious King Alfonso VI, who showed himself favorably disposed toward them.
In 1160 many of them settled in the neighboring city of Palencia.
The Jewish community of Carrion was so large in 1290 that it paid 92,000 maravedis in taxes, not much less than the amount paid by the community of Burgos. In Carrion, as elsewhere, the Jews were persecuted. Delegates from the city appeared before King Alphonso of Castile (probably Alfonso the Wise), informing him that the Christians of the city, because of a groundless suspicion, had risen against the Jews and killed two of them; that thereupon the Jews had sought refuge in the palace of the prince, who was absent at the time, and, when the Christians followed in pursuit, had escaped through a secret door leading into the court, and locked their pursuers in.
- Church of Santa María de las Victorias, (or Santa Maria del Camino) 12th century, in Romanesque style
- Romanesque church of Santiago 13th century. It houses the Pantocrator, considered a masterpiece of Romanesque sculpture.
- Monastery of Santa Clara, 13th century
- Monastery of San Zoilo (11th-16th centuries) with a Plateresque Cloister.
- Romanesque tombs of the Counts that lived there.
- Churches of Belén, San Andrés and San Julián
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Richard Gottheil and Meyer Kayserling (1901–1906). "Carrion de los Condes". In Singer, Isidore; et al. Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls Company.
- Gitlitz & Davidson, The Pilgrimage Road to Santiago: The Complete Cultural Handbook, 2000, St Martin's Press, ISBN 0-312-25416-4
- King, Georgiana Goddard (1920). The Way of Saint James. G. P. Putnam's Sons. p. 102. Retrieved 30 May 2012.
- Perrín, Ramón Yzquierdo (27 October 2003). Los Caminos a Compostela: El arte de la peregrinación. Encuentro. p. 131. ISBN 978-84-7490-693-6. Retrieved 30 May 2012.