|Region||National Capital Region|
|Congressional District||6th District|
|Time zone||UTC+08:00 (Philippine Standard Time)|
Santa Mesa is a district in Manila, Philippines. It is surrounded by Pasig River on the southwestern side, and by the San Juan River on its southern and eastern side. Land borders include the districts of San Miguel to the west and Sampaloc to the north; and to the northeast is Quezon City.
Santa Mesa was formerly a part of the Sampaloc district, from which it was partitioned and separated after it had its own parish in 1911. The parish is now known as Old Sta. Mesa (Poblacion), a street which extends from Victorino Mapa Street to Magsaysay Boulevard.
The district's name comes from the Jesuits, who christened the area Santa Mesa de la Misericordia ("Holy Table of Mercy"). The local parish church had for its titular the Sacred Heart of Jesus, which formed part of the phrase the "Center of the Table is the Sacred Heart which all Graces and Mercy flowed down." The Tuazon family, the landlords of Santa Mesa during the Spanish colonial period offered an obra pía ("pious work"), and provided social services to the people.
The Town of Santa Mesa was situated in the alluvial deposits at the confluence of Pasig and San Juan Rivers. It was owned by a Jesuits religious order during the Spanish Era, and it is in this period that Santa Mesa got its name. Santa Mesa is better known for its role in the Philippine–American War, in which the area became a battlefield during the Philippine-American War. The conflict started when Pvt. William W. Grayson shot a Filipino soldier in San Juan Bridge between Santa Mesa and San Juan. (In late 2003, the National Historical Commission of the Philippines had determined that the conflict did not happen on San Juan Bridge, but at the juncture of Sociego and Silencio Streets.)
Up until the early American period, Sta. Mesa was just one of the barrios that comprised the Sampaloc area of Manila. In 1911 they establish the first and oldest parish in honor of its Titular Patron the Sacred Heart of Jesus and became a separate religious community district, which divided Sampaloc into two parishes. The created parish is now known as the Old Santa Mesa, which extended from V. Mapa to Sta. Mesa Boulevard. The neighborhood was composed of wealthy and aristocrats Spanish and Filipino families who built summer houses which is Sociego Mansion former home of the Tuason Family and Carriedo Mansion home of the former Governor General is located attracted to Santa Mesa's cooler climate and the picturesque streets that were lined with ylang-ylang trees. The abundance of these trees started a perfume industry — flowers were harvested, pressed and the oil were exported in great quantities to perfumeries in France.
The small community became the location of the hospital to treat the wounded during World War II. The town experienced its growth after the war. Santa Mesa was the site of a 1950s suburban development because of its proximity to central Manila. The Santa Mesa Market was constructed around this period. It was a big shopping complex, and became popular for the selling of Post eXchange goods from U.S. bases in the Philippines.
Sampaloc and Santa Mesa was absorbed by Manila in the 19th Century, along with other towns and settlements. When the Congressional Districts of Manila was created, Sta. Mesa was separated from Sampaloc, falling to the jurisdiction of District 6. The national census still considers Sta. Mesa as a part of Sampaloc.
Santa Mesa is located in the eastern section of the City of Manila. It is bounded to the west by Lacson Avenue separating it from San Miguel; by Ramon Magsaysay Boulevard to the north bordering it from Sampaloc. The northeast boundary of Santa Mesa is west of SM City Sta. Mesa shopping mall. Although the mall has "Santa Mesa" on its name, it is located in Quezon City very near the city limits of Manila.
The southwestern side of Santa Mesa is along Pasig River while the southern and eastern sides are along San Juan River. Across San Juan River are the cities of San Juan to the east and a small portion of Mandaluyong City to the southeast. Across Pasig River, are the Manila areas of Santa Ana to the south and Pandacan to the southeast.
The topography of the area is relatively flat as some of the natural variations in elevations have been evened out due to urbanization.
Sites of interest
- Bacood Community
- Bacood Park
- Banda Kawayan Pilipinas (Bamboo Band Philippines)
- Baptist Bible Church
- United Church of Christ in the Philippines (UCCP - Bacood)
- Hampstead Gardens
- Philippine Independent Church Bacood (Good Shepherd Parish)
- Landcom Village I
- Mabini Shrine (Manila), former home of Apolinario Mabini, Philippines Revolution hero, located inside PUP.
- Our Lady of Fatima Bacood Church
- Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital
- Polytechnic University of the Philippines
- Recurso de Madriaga Pescado
- Sacred Heart of Jesus Catholic School
- Sacred Heart of Jesus Parish Church
- Nuestra Senora de Salvacion De Manila Parish ( Our Lady of Salvation / Ina ng Kaligtasan )
- Carriedo Mansion ( former home of the Governor General Don Francisco Carriedo y' Peredo who made the water system project of Manila)
- Santa Mesa-Rotonda Interchange
Santa Mesa is made up of 51 Barangays. For statistical convenience for housing and population, the data for Santa Mesa is included in the data of Sampaloc.
- "Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
- Alcazaren, Paulo (2012-06-13). "Sta. Mesa: Manila's northeastern edge" PhilStar.com. Retrieved on 2014-09-19.
- "Metro Manila Malls - SM City Sta. Mesa". SM Prime. Retrieved on 2014-11-23.