Santa Rosa, Nueva Ecija

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Santa Rosa
Municipality
Municipality of Santa Rosa
Santarosajf36.JPG
Official seal of Santa Rosa
Seal
Map of Nueva Ecija with Santa Rosa highlighted
Map of Nueva Ecija with Santa Rosa highlighted
Santa Rosa is located in Philippines
Santa Rosa
Santa Rosa
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°25′26″N 120°56′20″E / 15.4239°N 120.9389°E / 15.4239; 120.9389Coordinates: 15°25′26″N 120°56′20″E / 15.4239°N 120.9389°E / 15.4239; 120.9389
Country  Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Nueva Ecija
District 3rd District
Founded August 1, 1878
Barangays 33 (see Barangays)
Government[1]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Marita C. Angeles
 • Governor Czarina D. Umali
 • Electorate 38,615 voters (2016)
Area[2]
 • Total 147.15 km2 (56.81 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 69,467
 • Density 470/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 3101
PSGC 034928000
IDD:area code +63 (0)44
Climate type tropical monsoon climate
Income class 1st municipal income class

Santa Rosa, officially the Municipality of Santa Rosa, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 69,467 people.[3]

History[edit]

Santa Rosa, according to the National Historical Commission of the Philippines, was founded as a municipality on August 1, 1878 through a Spanish decree. In his letter dated March 9, 2017, NHCP OIC-Chairman Rene Escalante said the Spanish decree was retrieved from the Archivo Historico Nacional in Madrid, Spain and is entitled "Creacion de un pueblo civil formado por al barrio de Sta. Rosa en la provincia de Nueva Ecija".

In his book, "Nueva Ecija: 1896-1946", Cesar Baroman wrote that Santa Rosa was a mere "bisita" of Cabanatuan before while Cabanatuan was a "barrio" of Gapan. During the American occupation, the Philippine Commission enacted Act. Number 933 ("An Act reducing the 23 municipalities of the province of Nueva Ecija to fifteen") on October 8, 1903 which merged Santa Rosa with Cabanatuan.

In 1907, Act Number 1687 ("An Act to increase the number of municipalities in the province of Nueva Ecija from 14 to 15, by separating from Cabanatuan the former municipality of Santa Rosa, reconstituting the latter as a municipality, and giving to each the territory it comprised prior to the passage of Act 933") was enacted by the Philippine Commission which separated Santa Rosa from Cabanatuan. According to Act #1687, the Municipal President would receive P400 per year while the Municipal Treasurer would get a salary of P300/year.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Santa Rosa
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 3,253 —    
1918 6,915 +5.16%
1939 12,809 +2.98%
1948 11,764 −0.94%
1960 15,989 +2.59%
1970 22,554 +3.50%
1975 25,732 +2.68%
1980 32,424 +4.73%
1990 40,439 +2.23%
1995 47,522 +3.07%
2000 51,804 +1.87%
2007 58,762 +1.75%
2010 64,503 +3.45%
2015 69,467 +1.42%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][4][5][6]

Local government[edit]

Pursuant to the Local government in the Philippines,[7][8] the political seat of the municipal government is located at the Municipal Town Hall. In the History of the Philippines (1521–1898), the Gobernadorcillo was the Chief Executive who holds office in the Presidencia. In 1895, the Spaniards changed the position of Gobernadorcillo to Capitan Municipal. (Local Government in the Philippines, Jose P. Laurel) During the American rule (1898–1946) (History of the Philippines (1898–1946)), the elected Mayor and local officials, including the appointed ones, held office at the Municipal Town Hall.


Under the Local Government Code of 1991 or Republic Act No. 7160, the Mayor acts as the Local Chief Executive and the different departments (Budget, Engineering, Treasury, Accounting, etc.) are under the supervision of the Mayor. The Vice Mayor, on the other hand, is the Presiding Officer of the Sangguniang Bayan/Sangguniang Panlungsod which enacts ordinances or issues Resolutions. In 2017, the Municipal Government of Santa Rosa constructed a new, more spacious Legislative Building for the Sangguniang Bayan. The LGC of 1991, primarily authored by former Senator Aquilino "Nene" Pimentel Jr. , gave local autonomy to local government units (LGUs) at the provincial, city/municipal and barangay level. The LGUs were provided with Internal Revenue Allotment (IRA) that gave them a substantial amount of public funds aside from the locally-generated funds (real property tax, fees, charges). Functions/services formerly provided by national government agencies such as the Dept. of Agriculture, Dept. of Health, Dept. of Social Welfare and Development were devolved to the provincial and city/municipal LGUs.


The incumbent Mayor of Santa Rosa is Hon. Marita C. Angeles while the current Vice Mayor is Hon. Eliseo Angeles (2016 - 2019). The incumbent Municipal Councilors are Hon. Romeo Angeles, Hon. Irene Bernardo, Hon. Rosignoli Cruz, Hon. Dennis Dimacali, Hon. Marie Evangelista, Hon. Armando Manuel, Hon. Peter Marcus Matias and Hon. Julian Mendoza.


The LGU of Santa Rosa was an awardee of the Seal of Good Housekeeping (SGH) in 2011 and Seal of Good Local Governance (SGLG) in 2017. These two awards are given by the Department of Interior and Local Government to local government units which practice good governance, transparency and accountability.


The previous Mayors of Santa Rosa were the following: Eulalio Saulo, 1909–1911; Dionisio Punsal, 1911–1913; Rafael Andres, 1917–1919; Apolinario Manubay, 1919–1921; Amado del Barrio, 1923–1928; Matias Beley, 1929–1931; Casimiro Marcelo, 1932–1939; Lazaro Cajucom, 1941–1944; Jacinto Martin, 1945–1947; Bonifacio Santos, 1948–1951; Severino Angeles, 1952–1959 / 1964–1971; Pedro Manubay, 1960–1963; Cesar Angeles, 1972–1985; Eduardo Enrile, 1985–1986; Juanito Bernardo, 1988–1998; Edgar Matias, July 1998 – December 1998; Geronimo Baldazo, December 1998 – 2001; Marlon Marcelo, 2001–2007; Josefino Angeles, 2007–2016.


The following served as Vice Mayors of Santa Rosa: Benito Germino, 1952-59 / 1964-71; Marciano Marcelo, 1969-79; Eduardo Ennrile, 1972-1985; Rufino Galman, 1985-1988; Sesinando Santos, 1988-1992; Edgar Matias, 1992-1998; Gerry Baldazo, 1998; Julian "Jojo" Mendoza, 1998-2001; Josefino "Otep" Angeles, 2001-2007; Irene Bernardo, 2007-2013; Antonio Romero, 2013-2016.


Barangays[edit]

Santa Rosa is politically subdivided into 33 barangays. The Punong Barangay heads the Barangay Government and he/she is assisted by the Barangay Kagawads (Councilors). There is also a Barangay Secretary, Barangay Treasurer, Hepe ng Tanod (Chief), Barangay Tanods, Barangay Health Workers, Day Care Worker in every barangay. The following are the barangays of Santa Rosa:

  • Aguinaldo
  • Berang
  • Burgos
  • Cojuangco (Poblacion)
  • Del Pilar
  • Gomez
  • Inspector
  • Isla
  • La Fuente
  • Liwayway
  • Lourdes
  • Luna
  • Mabini
  • Malacañang
  • Maliolio
  • Mapalad
  • Rajal Centro
  • Rajal Norte
  • Rajal Sur
  • Rizal (Poblacion)
  • San Gregorio
  • San Isidro
  • San Josep
  • San Mariano
  • San Pedro
  • Santa Teresita
  • Santo Rosario
  • Sapsap
  • Soledad
  • Tagpos
  • Tramo
  • Valenzuela (Poblacion)
  • Zamora (Poblacion)

The incumbent Punong Barangays of Santa Rosa are: Florencio Damian (Aguinaldo); Ariel Maningas (Berang); Edwin Eleazar (Burgos); Federico Ribultan (Cojuangco); Marcial Rommel Marcelo (Del Pilar); Arsenio Bernandino (Gomez); Emiliano Muncal (Inspector); Gelacio Pastrana (Isla); Rene Sebastian (La Fuente); dante Magsilang (Liwayway); Ramil Sumera (Lourdes); Alexander Santos (Luna); Edgardo Bandiola (Mabini); Pepito Benitez Jr. (Malacanang); Releyna Maningas (Maliolio); Robert Ausa (Mapalad); Marcelito Diamat (Rajal Centro); Juanito Santiago (Rajal Norte); Reynaldo Perpetua (Rajal Sur); Ronald Callanga (Rizal); Mario dela Cruz (San Gregorio); Hervin Cabrera (San Isidro); Cecilio Manabat (San Josep); Enrique Longalong (San Mariano); Felix Manuel (San Pedro); Nestor Opena (Sta. Teresita); Bernardo Simbulan (Sto. Rosario); Victor Sarabia (Sapsap); Aquilino Germino Jr. (Soledad); Isaac dela Cruz (Tagpos); Petronilo Germino (Tramo); Nicanor Santos (Valenzuela); Antonio Venturina (Zamora). The present incumbent President of the Liga ng mga Barangay is Punong Barangay Marcial Rommel Marcelo.

Originally, Santa Rosa had 3 barangays or barrios during the Spanish period: Soledad, La Fuente and Rajal. In 1903, the number of barrios became 4 with the addition of Poblacion. Later on, the number of barrios increased to 17, namely, Cojuangco, La Fuente, , Liwayway, Malacanang, Maliolio, Mapalad, Rizal, Rajal Centro, Rajal Norte, Rajal Sur, San Gregorio, San Mariano, San Pedro, Sto. Rosario, Soledad, Valenzuela and Zamora.

During the term of Mayor Juanito Bernardo (1988-1998), the 17 barangays became 33 barangays. Some barangays such as San Gregorio, San Mariano, La Fuente, Sto. Rosario and San Pedro were subdivided. San Gregorio, for example, was divided into 5 barangays (Aguinaldo, Burgos, Mabini, Tramo and San Gregorio ); San Mariano became 4 barangays (Del Pilar, Gomez, Luna and San Mariano); La Fuente became 3 barangays (La Fuente, San Josep and Sapsap); Sto. Rosario became two barangays (Inspector and Sto. Rosario) and San Pedro became two barangays (San Isidro and San Pedro).

Economy[edit]

Santa Rosa primarily depends on rice cultivation, vegetable production, commercial fishery, and tricycle sidecar fabrication. Just recently, the town started realizing its development potential.

The town's strategic location at the crossroads of two national highways: the Maharlika Highway and the Tarlac-Santa Rosa-Fort Magsaysay Road is accelerating its commercial and industrial development. It is also inevitably set to benefit from the spillover of Cabanatuan's built-up area.

As a result, Santa Rosa is gradually replacing agriculture with services and agro-industry as the main engines for growth. The stretch of Maharlika Highway is a growing commercial strip of local entrepreneurs competing with national businesses while the eastern part of the town is attracting investments in large commercial farms.

Concurrent to Santa Rosa's rapid growth is the buildup of perennially heavy traffic at the approach to the intersection of the national roads. To address the worsening situation, the local government teamed up with the Cabanatuan city government to construct a road that will bypass the town proper. As for Santa Rosa, only further growth is anticipated when Central Luzon Link Expressway and North Luzon East Expressway finally materialize.

Tourism and landmarks[edit]

Santa Rosa's main landmark includes Santa Rosa Supermarket or "Pamilihang Bayan ng Sta. Rosa", Santa Rosa Town Hall, Santa Rosa Town Park, Santa Rosa Central School, and St. Rose of Lima Parish Church. Other attractions which are most visited by tourists are The famous and old, round-shaped, miraculous chapel of San Mariano known as "The Miraculous Round Chapel of San Mariano", 18th Century Ancestral Houses in Sta. Rosa, a private "Gazebo" of Cruz Compound in San Mariano, American Air Base and rivers, Mga Munting Bahay-kubo, and scenic rice fields.

Some well-known schools, business and establishments in Santa Rosa Nueva Ecija are Holy Cross College, Sta. Rosa Metal Craft, Villa Riza Resort and Water Park, Almon Waterpark, Reynaldo's Grill and Restaurant, Hotel Consuelo and Restaurant, Allen Ville Resort, Windblows Resort, Harrie's Bake Shop, Gifts and Giveaways Shop, Mc'Koy's, Steven's Party Needs, Puno ice cream, Henry's Studio and Reymill STEEL Products (Windmill).

St. Rose of Lima Church

St. Rose of Lima Parish Church[edit]

The 1879 St. Rose Of Lima Parish Church belongs to the Roman Catholic Diocese of Cabanatuan (Dioecesis of Cabanatuanensi, Suffragan of Lingayen-Dagupan, comprising 16 towns of Southern Nueva Ecija, Cabanatuan City, Palayan City and Gapan City; Titular: St. Nicholas of Tolentine, September 10; Most Reverend Sofronio A. Bancud, SSS, DD).

The Church is located at Maharlika Hway, Poblacion, Santa Rosa, 3101 Nueva Ecija. It is part of the Vicariate of St. Rose of Lima (Titular: St. Rose of Lima, Feast, Aug 23). Its current Parish Priest is Rev. Fr. Edwin C. Dizon.

St. Rose of Lima, T.O.S.D., (April 20, 1586 – August 24, 1617) was the first person born in the Americas to be canonized by the Catholic Church.[9]

1946 Holy Cross College and Chapel[edit]

The Holy Cross College (Former Holy Cross Academy) was founded by Rt. Rev. Msgr. Fernando C. Lansangan, Parish priest of the town of Sta. Rosa in 1985 as secondary school with two first year classes. In 1948, government recognition was granted to the school for its high school department. In 1981, the expansion of the school's curricular program was conceived. During SY 1982–1983, the MECS granted permit for the first and second year curriculum of the degree Bachelor of Arts and the first and second year curriculum for the Junior Secretarial Course were offered to the public In its 39th year of service to the community.[10][11]

Dr. Raquel Tioseco Sta. Ines, niece of the founder Priest took over the management of the college after his death. In all its 66 years of existence, HCC continues with additional TESDA programs in Restaurant Management, Computer Secretarial, and Electronic and Computer Technology; and six-month courses in Contact Call Center and Medical Transcription. HCC offers Masters in Education major in Mathematics and English.[12]

San Mariano Chapel or "The Miraculous Round Chapel of San Mariano"[edit]

San Mariano Chapel

San Mariano Chapel is a round-shaped chapel that is located in the core of Brgy. San Mariano Sta. Rosa, Nueva Ecija. This serves as a landmark of the said Barangay. It was named before a patron, "San Mariano". The land where it is located was privately owned by a devoted family. After total and complete renovation of the said chapel, The land title was donated to St. Rose of Lima Parish Church.

The Old Miraculous San Mariano Chapel was then reconstructed with the help of a devotee named Antonio M. Romero year 2000 after he recovered from a paralysis year 1989. The said devotee religiously attended the mass held at San Mariano Chapel then miraculously recovered from such an illness as stated. People of San Mariano early 1900's used to kneel when passing at the old church including their carabaos or "kalabaw" before farming at dawn as a sign of respect in the said chapel.

The chapel was believed to be miraculous and famous since as it was known to be visited by thousand devotees of "The Blessed Virgin Mary" and "Sto. Niño" during 1960s or 1970's. Miracles were actually witnessed by the people who visited the chapel and attended the mass held by the parish priest that time. Evidences of such miracles were collected and kept by group of families and people.

Feast of Sto. Niño were celebrated in San Mariano Chapel every 25 February where in a mass was held and simple gift giving and feeding for the children were organized by certain groups.

Reymill steel products[edit]

Image gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Nueva Ecija". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  5. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  6. ^ "Province of Nueva Ecija". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  7. ^ "Philippines : Gov.Ph : About the Philippines :". www.gov.ph. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  8. ^ http://www.chanrobles.com/localgov.htm
  9. ^ Patron Saints Index: Saint Rose of Lima Retrieved on 2008-08-23.
  10. ^ http://www.mb.com.ph/node/26231#.UPEmMeSyA8s
  11. ^ http://group4neust.tripod.com/holy_cross/history.html
  12. ^ http://philippinecollegecourses.com/central-luzon/nueva-ecija/holy-cross-college-nueva-ecija.html

External links[edit]