This article is missing information about the film's production.July 2018)(
American theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Alejandro Jodorowsky|
|Produced by||Claudio Argento|
|Music by||Simon Boswell|
|Edited by||Mauro Bonanni|
Santa Sangre (English: Holy Blood) is a 1989 avant-garde experimental horror film directed by Alejandro Jodorowsky and written by Jodorowsky along with Claudio Argento and Roberto Leoni. It stars Axel Jodorowsky, Adán Jodorowsky, Teo Jodorowsky, Blanca Guerra, Thelma Tixou, and Guy Stockwell. An international co-production of Mexico and Italy, the film is set in Mexico, and tells the story of Fenix, a boy who grew up in a circus.
The film starts with a naked figure sitting in a tree in what looks like a mental asylum. Nurses come out to him, bringing a plate of conventional food and also one of a raw fish. As they try to coax him off of his perch, it is the fish that persuades him to come down. As the nurses get him to put on some overalls, the viewer sees that he has a tattoo of a phoenix on his chest.
We flash back to Fenix's childhood, which he spent performing as a "child magician" in a circus run by his father Orgo, the knife-thrower, and his mother Concha, a trapeze artist and aerialist. The circus crew also includes, among others, a tattooed woman, who acts as the object of Orgo's knife-throwing feats, her adopted daughter Alma (a hearing-impaired, voiceless mime and tightrope walker whom Fenix adores, with the feeling mutual), Fenix's dwarf friend Aladin, a pack of clowns and a small elephant. Orgo carries on a very public flirtation with the tattooed woman, and their knife-throwing act is heavily sexualized.
Concha is also the leader of a religious cult that considers, as its patron saint, a little girl who was raped and had her arms cut off by two brothers. Their church is about to be bulldozed at the behest of the owner of the land, and the followers make one last stand against the police and the bulldozers. A Roman Catholic Monsignor drives into the conflict, saying that he will prevent its demolition, but after he enters the temple to inspect it he deems it blasphemous and unworthy (the girl worshipped is no saint, he says, and the supposed pool of "holy blood" at the center of the edifice contains just red paint), so the demolition is carried out. Fenix leads Concha back to the circus, where she finds out about Orgo's affair, but Orgo, being also a hypnotist, puts Concha in a trance and rapes her.
The circus elephant then dies, much to Fenix's grief, and a public funeral is conducted, in which the elephant is paraded through the city inside a giant casket. The casket is then dropped into the city dump, where scavengers open it up and proceed to carve up the elephant and take away the meat. Orgo consoles his son by tattooing a spread-eagled phoenix onto his chest, identical to the one on his own chest, using a knife dipped in red ink. This tattoo, Orgo says, will make Fenix a man.
Later on, Concha, during her trapeze act, sees Orgo and the tattooed woman sneak out of the big top. She chases after them and, seeing them sexually engaged, pours a bottle of sulphuric acid onto Orgo's genitals. Orgo retaliates by cutting off both her arms (much like the girl previously venerated). He then walks into the street and slits his own throat. Fenix witnesses this, locked inside a trailer. He then sees the tattooed woman driving off with Alma.
Back in the present, Fenix is taken out of the asylum to a movie theater along with other patients, most of whom have Down syndrome. A pimp intercepts them and persuades them to take cocaine and follow him to meet an overweight prostitute. Fenix then spots the Tattooed Woman, who is now a prostitute, and becomes consumed with rage. Back in the asylum, Fenix's armless mother Concha calls out for him from the street and he escapes by climbing down a rope from his cell window. The Tattooed Woman is shown trying to prostitute Alma, who runs away and sleeps on the roof of a truck. The Tattooed Woman is killed and mutilated by the hands of an unseen woman.
Mother and son go on to perform an act whereby he stands behind her and moves his arms so that they appear to be Concha's arms that are moving. But Concha soon starts to use her son's hands to kill those women whom she deems a threat to her, including a young performer that he kills with a knife-throw, as well as a cross-dressing wrestler, whom he slashes with a Japanese katana sword. A dream sequence subsequently shows that he has killed many more women, all of whose memories haunt him.
Alma finds Fenix and together they plan to run away from Concha and her house. She tries to force Fenix to murder Alma as well, but, after a struggle, he manages to plunge a knife into Concha's stomach. Yet she does not die but taunts him by saying she will always be inside him as she vanishes before his eyes. Through a quick series of flashbacks, it is revealed that Concha actually died after being maimed by Orgo, and that Fenix has actually kept a mannequin of his armless mother for performing on stage and at home, which also now appears in reality to be a thoroughly dilapidated house. He destroys the home-made temple and throws away the mannequin with the help of his imaginary childhood friends, Aladin and the clowns.
Alma proceeds to lead Fenix outside the house where police are waiting and order them to put up their hands. As they both comply, Fenix watches his own hands in awe as he does so. And Fenix's realization that he has finally regained control of them brings him joy and peace.
- Axel Jodorowsky as Fenix
- Adán Jodorowsky as young Fenix
- Blanca Guerra as Concha
- Guy Stockwell as Orgo
- Thelma Tixou as The Tattooed Woman
- Sabrina Dennison as Alma
- Faviola Elenka Tapia as young Alma
- Teo Jodorowsky as Pimp
- Ma. De Jesus Aranzabal as Fat Prostitute (Lores)
- Jesús Juárez as Aladin
- Sergio Bustamante as Monsignor
- Gloria Contreras as Rubi
- S. Rodriguez as Santa
- Zonia Rangel Mora as Trini
- Borolas as Box-office attendant
Roberto Leoni, who had worked in the library of a psychiatric hospital where he had been in contact with people suffering from mental disorders, developed a story that he told to Claudio Argento during a time they worked together. Argento appreciated the story and added to it, and with Leoni, they decided to present it to the director who seemed to them the most suited to the material, Alejandro Jodorowsky. After his [cult film] The Holy Mountain of 1974, Jodorowsky was asked to direct a film version of the Frank Herbert’s epic 1965 science fiction novel Dune but the project had collapsed, and except for the children’s fable Tusk in 1980 he seemed to have disappeared from the international scene. Claudio Argento located him and talked to his agent. Jodorowsky made an agreed to a meeting in Paris, but he wanted to meet only Leoni because he wanted to meet who wrote the story. Leoni went in Paris and meet Jodorowsky, who wanted to know when exactly he wrote the story. Leoni remembered it was during a certain night and Jodorowsky was disappointed because that night he went to sleep early and the angel of stories passed over Paris to bring him a story, saw that he slept and continued to Rome, saw that Leoni were awake and gave him the story. But the story was his and Leoni was a thief! Then, Jodorowsky developed this story with his imagination and his art, also telling Leoni the story of Gregorio Cárdenas Hernández, which were in some respects similar, and together they wrote the script of Santa Sangre.
– Roberto Leoni
Roberto Leoni stated that an episode with a patient in the psychiatric hospital was probably the origin of Santa Sangre because over time he conceived "a story in which even the worst demon actually can't forget he is an angel." In fact, Fenix the character that Leoni created together with Jodorowsky is a serial killer, but "…every time he kills you feel sorry for him, that is you are sorry more for him than for the victim."
Though a Mexican and Italian co-production, Santa Sangre is in English, with the dubbed audio and slightly off lip movements only adding to the film's ensnaring eeriness and unsettling aura.
The film was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1989 Cannes Film Festival, and generally was critically well received, eventually being ranked 476th on Empire magazine's 2008 list of the 500 greatest movies of all time. In the United States, it was originally rated NC-17 for "several scenes of extremely explicit violence". However, an edited version was released with an R rating for "bizarre, graphic violence and sensuality, and for drug content". Regardless, Santa Sangre did not receive a wide release in the U.S., only screening at a few theaters familiar with Jodorowsky's previous work.
A UK DVD from Anchor Bay was released in 2004. On 25 January 2011, Severin Films gave the film a release on both DVD and Blu-ray with more than "five hours of exclusive extras". On Halloween 2019, Morbido Fest, a Mexico City-based festival, held a celebratory 30th anniversary screening of Santa Sangre; remastered in 4K by Severin Films from a scan of the original camera negative. In Italy, from 25 to 27 November 2019, the Videa film society celebrated the 30th anniversary by screening the 4K restored version at select theatres.
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A reviewer from the British Film 4 describing the film as "one of Jodorowsky’s finest films" which "resonates with all the disturbing power of a clammy nightmare filtered through the hallucinatory lens of 1960s psychedelia."
Roger Ebert said that he believed it carried the moral message of genuinely opposing evil, rather than celebrating it like most contemporary horror films. Ebert described it as "a horror film, one of the greatest, and after waiting patiently through countless Dead Teenager Movies, I am reminded by Alejandro Jodorowsky that true psychic horror is possible on the screen – horror, poetry, surrealism, psychological pain and wicked humor, all at once."
As of October 2020[update], the film had an 86% rating on review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes based on 42 reviews, with a weighted average of 7.38/10. The site's consensus stated: "Those unfamiliar with Alejandro Jodorowsky's style may find it overwhelming, but Santa Sangre is a provocative psychedelic journey featuring the director's signature touches of violence, vulgarity, and an oddly personal moral center."
- "SANTA SANGRE (18)". British Board of Film Classification. 29 September 1989. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- "SANTA SANGRE - Roberto Leoni Movie Reviews [Eng sub]". 23 November 2019. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
- Leoni, Roberto (24 November 2019). "When I wrote Santa Sangre…". IMDb. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
- Isa Bulnes-Shaw. "Frida After Dark: November 2019". thefridacinema.org. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
- "Festival de Cannes: Santa Sangre". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2 August 2009.
- "Empire's 500 Greatest Movies Of All Time". Empireonline.com. 5 December 2006. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
- "Santa Sangre MPAA Ratings". filmratings.com. MPAA. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
- "Santa Sangre  [DVD]: Amazon.co.uk: Axel Jodorowsky, Blanca Guerra, Guy Stockwell, Thelma Tixou, Sabrina Dennison, Adan Jodorowsky, Faviola Elenka Tapia, Teo Jodorowsky, María de Jesús Aranzabal, Jesús Juárez, Sergio Bustamante, Gloria Contreras, Alejandro Jodorowsky, Angelo Iacono, Anuar Badin, Claudio Argento, René Cardona Jr., Roberto Leoni: Film & TV". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
- Santa Sangre [Blu-ray]. "Santa Sangre [Blu-ray]: Guy Stockwell, Blanca Guerra, Axel Jodorowsky, Alejandro Jodorowsky: Movies & TV". Amazon.com. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
- Jamie Lang (30 October 2019). "Mexico's Premier Horror Event Morbido Fest Readies Twelfth Edition". variety.com. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
- Roberto Leoni (23 November 2019). "Santa Sangre 4K". youtube.com/RobertoLeonifilm. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
- Videa. "Santa Sangre 4K". videaspa.it. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
- "Santa Sangre". Film4. 5 January 2010. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
- "Santa Sangre (1989)". Chicago Sun-Times.
- "Santa Sangre (Holy Blood)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 24 October 2020.