Santa Sofía, Boyacá

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Santa Sofía
Guatoque
Municipality and town
Central square of Santa Sofía
Central square of Santa Sofía
Location of the municipality and town of Santa Sofía in the Boyacá Department of Colombia
Location of the municipality and town of Santa Sofía in the Boyacá Department of Colombia
Coordinates: 5°45′N 73°35′W / 5.750°N 73.583°W / 5.750; -73.583Coordinates: 5°45′N 73°35′W / 5.750°N 73.583°W / 5.750; -73.583
Country  Colombia
Department Boyacá Department
Province Ricaurte Province
Founded 10 January 1810
Founded by Spanish colonists ordered by Amar y Borbón
Government
 • Mayor Pablo Emilio Cepeda Novoa
(2016-2019)
Area
 • Municipality and town 78 km2 (30 sq mi)
 • Urban 18 km2 (7 sq mi)
Elevation 2,387 m (7,831 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Municipality and town 2,704
 • Density 35/km2 (90/sq mi)
 • Urban 721
Time zone Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)
Website Official website

Santa Sofía is a town and municipality in the Department of Boyacá, part of the subregion of the Ricaurte Province, Colombia. The urban centre of Santa Sofía is located at an altitude of 2,387 metres (7,831 ft) on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense, with the highest elevated parts of the municipality, that have a páramo ecosystem, reaching 3,000 metres (9,800 ft). Santa Sofía borders Moniquirá in the north, Gachantivá in the west, Villa de Leyva in the southeast, Sutamarchán in the south, Saboyá in the southwest, and Puente Nacional, Santander in the west.[1]

Etymology[edit]

Originally, Santa Sofía was called Guatoque, a name derived from Muysccubun, meaning "creek of the mountain". The name was changed in 1906 to Santa Sofía, because mail that was meant to go to Guateque, in southern Boyacá, was accidentally delivered in Guatoque. The name Santa Sofía was given to the town honouring Sofía Ángulo de Reyes, spouse of the then president of Colombia Rafael Reyes.[1]

History[edit]

The area of Santa Sofía before the Spanish conquest was inhabited by the Muisca, who used the area to cross the lands towards the northern parts of their Muisca Confederation. Within the boundaries of the municipalities is located the Hoyo de la Romera, a sinkhole where unfaithful Muisca women were punished.

Santa Sofía, then as Guatoque, was founded by Spanish colonists ordered by Amar y Borbón on January 10, 1810, just before the independence of Colombia from the Spanish Empire was called.[1]

Economy[edit]

Main economical activities of Santa Sofía are livestock farming and agriculture, especially curuba, tomatoes and strawberries. Other products cultivated are potatoes, maize, peas, beans, sugarcane and yuca.[1]

Tourism[edit]

Santa Sofía is a rural community that gives access to the Guatoque Páramo and the Paso del Ángel, an ancient indigenous road. There are various caves and waterfalls located around Santa Sofía.[1]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]