Santana, Madeira

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Santana
The village of Arco de São Jorge in an amphitheatre-shapped valley along the northern coast of Santana municipality
The village of Arco de São Jorge in an amphitheatre-shapped valley along the northern coast of Santana municipality
Flag of Santana
Flag
Coat of arms of Santana
Coat of arms
Administrative location of Santana in the archipelago of Madeira
Administrative location of Santana in the archipelago of Madeira
Coordinates: 32°48′13.45″N 16°52′47.30″W / 32.8037361°N 16.8798056°W / 32.8037361; -16.8798056Coordinates: 32°48′13.45″N 16°52′47.30″W / 32.8037361°N 16.8798056°W / 32.8037361; -16.8798056
Country Portugal
Autonomous Region Madeira
IslandMadeira
Settlement25 May 1835
City6 July 2000
Civil ParishesArco de São Jorge, Faial, Ilha, Santana, São Jorge, São Roque do Faial
Government
 • TypeLAU
 • BodyCâmara Municipal
 • MayorAntónio Joaquim Caíres Batista Rosa
Area
 • Total95.56 km2 (36.90 sq mi)
Elevation
509 m (1,670 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total7,719
 • Density81/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (WEST)
Postal Zone
9230-116
Area code(s)(+351) 291 XXX-XXXX
DemonymSantanense
Patron SaintSanta Ana
Municipal Holidays24 June
Websitehttp://cm-santana.com

Santana (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃ˈtɐnɐ]), short form for Santa Ana (meaning Saint Anne) is a municipality along the northern coast of the island of Madeira, in Portuguese archipelago of the same name. The population in 2011 was 7,719,[1] in an area of 95.56 square kilometres (36.90 sq mi).[2]

Geography[edit]

An example of the traditional Madeirense home found in the municipality of Santana

Santana includes six parishes, within a rugged mountainous environment, most occupying river-valleys:

Santana parish has the largest number residents, while Arco de São Jorge is both the smallest, physically, and has the lowest number of residents,[3] while Faial is the largest parish.

Santana is known for the traditional homes constructed with sloping triangular rooftops, and protected with straw. These were mainly rural homes, used by local farmers, during the settlement of the island, with white-painted walls, red doors and windows with blue trim. Most of the surviving buildings are tourist attractions, and maintained (for example, the straw roofs are replaced every four to five years).

Economy[edit]

A tourist-themed park was constructed to exhibit examples of the island's early history and culture; the Madeira Theme Park is an ample area, on 7 acres (28,000 m2) of land, where visitors re-discover the cultures of Madeira and Porto Santo. This includes exhibits on the island's history, artifacts used in daily life and cultural presentations, in a scenic environment.

Notable citizens[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. ^ Eurostat
  3. ^ Santana and Arco de São Jorge are also located in the higher altitudes in the municipality.