Santander, Cebu

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Fast craft terminal in Liloan
Fast craft terminal in Liloan
Map of Cebu with Santander highlighted
Map of Cebu with Santander highlighted
Santander is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 9°27′N 123°20′E / 9.45°N 123.33°E / 9.45; 123.33Coordinates: 9°27′N 123°20′E / 9.45°N 123.33°E / 9.45; 123.33
Country Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Cebu
District 2nd district of Cebu
Founded 1867
Barangay 10 (see § Barangays)
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Marilyn Wenceslao (LP)
 • Vice mayor Wilson Wenceslao
 • Town Council
 • Representative Wilfredo Caminero
 • Total 35.67 km2 (13.77 sq mi)
 • Land 29.53 km2 (11.40 sq mi)
Elevation 200 m (700 ft)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 17,857
 • Density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
 • Voter(2016)[4] 11,577
Demonym(s) Tañonganon
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 6026
IDD:area code +63 (0)32
Income class 4th class
PSGC 072245000

Santander is a 4th municipal income class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 17,857.[3] In the 2016 election, it had 11,577 registered voters.[4]

Santander is the southernmost municipality of Cebu, at 137 km (85 mi) by road, and which takes 3½-4 hours. It is the location of sea ports that connect to Negros Oriental. Fast craft ferry passengers to Sibulan, with trips taking 20 minutes. Roll-on roll-off barges travel to Amlan, with trips taking one hour.

It is known for its Tostado Festival.


Santander is at the southernmost tip of Cebu. The town was originally called Tañong, but with the coming of the Spaniards, it was renamed Santander, after the city on the northern (Atlantic) coast of Spain.

The town was established in 1867; the parish in 1897.


Santander's terrain is dominated by a backdrop of rugged ranges which raise from a flat narrow coastal plain to an average elevation of 200 metres (660 ft). Strongly sloping to sleepy sloping contours are scattered throughout the municipality.


Santander comprises 10 barangays:

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2015[3] 2010[5]
072245001 Bunlan 12.2% 2,171 1,929 2.28%     
072245002 Cabutongan 5.9% 1,050 1,090 −0.71%     
072245003 Candamiang 5.7% 1,023 899 2.49%     
072245010 Canlumacad 5.0% 887 769 2.76%     
072245004 Liloan 12.4% 2,219 1,950 2.49%     
072245005 Lip‑tong 8.0% 1,436 1,138 4.53%     
072245006 Looc 11.5% 2,053 1,899 1.50%     
072245007 Pasil 9.3% 1,665 1,514 1.83%     
072245008 Poblacion 15.6% 2,791 2,583 1.49%     
072245009 Talisay 14.3% 2,562 2,334 1.79%     
TOTAL 17,857 16,105 1.99%
Poblacion: 2,791 (15.6%) Talisay: 2,562 (14.3%) Liloan: 2,219 (12.4%) Bunlan: 2,171 (12.2%) Looc: 2,053 (11.5%) Pasil: 1,665 (9.3%) Lip-tong: 1,436 (8.0%) Cabutongan: 1,050 (5.9%) Candamiang: 1,023 (5.7%) Canlumacad: 887 (5.0%)Circle frame.svg


Population census of Santander
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 11,831 —    
1995 12,382 +0.86%
2000 13,842 +2.42%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
2007 15,294 +1.39%
2010 16,105 +1.90%
2015 17,857 +1.99%
Source: Philippine Statistics Office[3][5][6]

In the 2016 election, it had 11,577 registered voters, meaning that 65% of the population are aged 18 and over.[4]

The death rate is 3.06 per 1000 people, or 0.306%.


Most of the Tañonganons (people living in Santander) speak Cebuano (Santander Version). In schools, Filipino and English languages are taught and used as a major instruction in all subjects.


Santander Municipal Hall

Santander may be the third smallest town in Cebu, but it has turned out many professionals. Majority of the people depend on the sea for livelihood – fishermen who continually explore the vast Palawan and East Philippine seas in search for rich fishing grounds. The method of fishing used is the destructive muro-ami technique, which has been banned on several occasions due to its negative effects on marine life.

Before, there were four wholesale enterprises, one superstore and few sari-sari stores. An improvised market composed mostly of "talipapas" serves as satellite mater. This were located along Jose Rizal Street beside the Municipal building. By the year 2001, the business establishments began to grow and develop. Many larger businesses have been established in Santander such as LGC Marketing. The major agricultural produce in Santander is corn, copra, and root crops (cassava and sweet potato). Most people especially those living in mountain barangays plant corns as a source of their income and livelihood.

Santander was the only 5th class and small municipality in Cebu that promoted its income class from 5th to 4th class.


Before, there were only two ports in Santander serving barges and boats bound for Dumaguete City. Now there are 4 ports connecting to Negros Island – three are located at Liloan and one at Talisay.


There are 8 elementary and 3 high schools in Santander. Two of these schools are private located in Looc. Most of the Tañonganon students are enrolled in public schools especially in Santander Central Elementary School and Santander National School.


Basketball is the most popular sport in Santander. This game is usually played in the afternoons where school time is over and also for the adults whose work hours is done (specially construction works). During summer, a lot of basketball competitions between different barangays. This was done in order that youths avoid vices and illegal drugs. Volleyball is also played in summer competitions but it is more usually participated in by women. Other sports such as baseball and football are also played in Santander.


Waterfront of Santander, with Negros Oriental in the background

Santander's popularity as a tourist destination has increased in the past few years, since it serves as the hub for some world-renowned dive spots like Apo Island, Balicasag, Pescador Island, Sumilon and Siquijor. This is also reflected in the growth of Santander in the tourism industry. 6 years ago there were only two resorts, still open today. Today there are eleven.


  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Municipal: Santander, Cebu". PSA. Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 8 January 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  6. ^ "Region VII (CENTRAL VISAYAS)". Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007): Total Population by Province, City and Municipality (Report). NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 

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