Santiago Metropolitan Cathedral
Santiago Metropolitan Cathedral (Spanish: Cathedral Metropolitana de Santiago) is the seat of the Archbishop of Santiago de Chile, currently Celestino Aós Braco, and the center of the archdiocese of Santiago de Chile. Construction of the neoclassical cathedral began in 1753 and ended in 1799. The architect was the Italian Gioacchino Toesca. Further alterations ordered at the end of the 19th century gave it its present appearance. Previous cathedrals in the archdiocese had been destroyed by earthquakes.
The cathedral, located in the city's historic center, faces the northwest corner of Santiago's Plaza de Armas  and stands near the Palacio Arzobispal de Santiago, the administrative center for the archdiocese. The cathedral is also close to the Parroquia El Sagrario, a Catholic temple and a Chilean national monument.
Santiago Metropolitan Cathedral is of a Baroque style, with many ornaments, frescos, and gilded columns. Showing that architecture has layers of history, the two towers of the cathedral were added almost a whole century later.
This cathedral being built 220 years ago didn't have the kind of technology or considerations that modern building today have. the main consideration being earthquakes. Since Chile is on the Atacama fault line, it experiences quite a lot of earthquakes. Large masonry buildings like the Metropolitan Cathedral weren't built with earthquake considerations, and since masonry has low tensile strength the building suffered damages and destruction due to the earthquakes. Due to all the destruction and rebuilding/remodeling the cathedral became a national historic monument in 1951.
Because of all the damage due to earthquakes, tests were done to the structure of the building to see if any structural updates were necessary, which there were. Tests were needed to be done to carry out any sort of renovations or updates of the cathedral.
- Elizabeth Trovall (11 February 2017). "A Brief History of Santiago Metropolitan Cathedral". theculturetrip.com.
- Iglesia Catedral Metropolitana Archived 2010-11-15 at the Wayback Machine
- "Santiagos Metropolitan Cathedral". Have Camera will Travel. David Coleman. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
- Torres, Wilson. "Fragility analysis of the nave macro-element of the Cathedral of Santiago, Chile". Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering. ProQuest 1974478866. Cite journal requires
- "Structural system identification, model updating, and fragility analysis of masonry heritage structures, the case of the Metropolitan Cathedral of Santiago, Chile". Pontificia Universidad Católica De Chile. Retrieved 2020-04-12.
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