Santiago de Macha

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Santiago de Macha or Macha is a Bolivian locality in the department of Potosí, Chayanta Province, Colquechaca Municipality, Macha Canton. Macha had a population of 1,850 in 2001 and the canton was inhabited by 8,769 people.[1] Most of the young adults works abroad, and the marketplace of the village opens only on Sunday. The main economic activity of Macha is subsistence agriculture.[2]

Every 3 May, Santiago de Macha hosts the religious festival of Tinku, an aymará ritual consisting in a fist fighting challenge between two rival groups.[3]

Rebel leader Túpac Katari was born in Macha in 1750.[2] Between October and November 1813 the town was the headquarters of the Army of the North, commanded by General Manuel Belgrano during the war of independence against the Spanish rule.[4]


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b La Nación newspaper, 16 June 2002 (cited on this website) (Spanish)
  3. ^ Tinku, the ritualistic combat
  4. ^ Mitre, Bartolomé: Historia de Belgrano. Imprenta de Mayo, Buenos Aires, 1859. V. II., page 226 (Spanish)

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Coordinates: 18°49′2.75″S 66°2′14.50″W / 18.8174306°S 66.0373611°W / -18.8174306; -66.0373611