Santo Domingo, Albay
Location within Albay province
|Region||Bicol Region (Region V)|
|Barangays||23 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Herbie B. Aguas|
|• Total||51.22 km2 (19.78 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||680/km2 (1,800/sq mi)|
|• Voter (2016)||22,200|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)52|
|Income class||4th class|
Santo Domingo, officially the Municipality of Santo Domingo (Central Bikol: Banwaan kan Santo Domingo; Filipino: Bayan ng Santo Domingo), is a municipality in the province of Albay in the Bicol Region (Region V) of the Philippines. The population was 34,967 at the 2015 census. In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 22,200 registered voters.
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Santo Domingo was a former barrio of Ibalon, then the Municipality of Albay, now Legazpi City. It became a separate Municipality in 1749 through the uproar of its inhabitants and under the leadership of Diego Castellanos who took the matter first to the authorities in Manila, and to the Bishop of Ambos Camarines. But it was not until 1785, 36 years after its establishment as a town that a church was built. In those days, it was only church building that represented the town. The first church was made of wood and basag (bamboo split). Here, the statue of the patron saint Santo Domingo (Saint Dominic de Guzman), whose feast is observed every August 4, was placed. When the church was burned in 1882, the Spanish priests built a new one; the present artistic church with piedras ladradas chiseled balustrades and twin domes.
The town of Santo Domingo was originally named Libog. Albay historians say that there were a number of stories on the origin of the name Libog. One version is that libog was derived from the Bikol word labog meaning "unclear water" for there was a time when no potable water was available in the locality. Another has it that the town might have been called after labog (jellyfish), which abound in its coastal water. Libod (behind) is another version because the town’s position is behind the straight road from Legazpi to Tabaco across Basud to Santa Misericordia.
Still another version is the corrupted form of the word libot which means "round about" or "winding way". In the early days of Spanish invasion, there were two routes passing through this place to Tabaco: one trail was straight or a short cut and the other was a round about (libot) way passing through the center of the town (via Poblacion). Later when the time came to classify and arrange this settlement to give it a political status as a visita of Binanuahan, now Legazpi Port, the corruption crept in – Libog for Libot. Hence, this town was named El Pueblo de Liboug, by the Spanish conquerors.
In 1816, one hundred fifty-nine (159 Moro pirates and six (6) vintas attacked the town, taking them one captive, Juan de la Conception, who was able to return after 30 years. The attack prompted the people to construct watchtowers and walls along the shores, which served as their shelter from attacks. Ruins of there walls are still existent.
In the year 1832, the town received its pioneer Filipino priest, father Martin Martinez. The same year, the Presidencia Municipal was completed under Captain Teodoro Felebrico. This building was ruined and rehabilitated into a public school building in 1918.
Santo Domingo is located at.
According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 51.22 square kilometres (19.78 sq mi)  constituting 1.99% of the 2,575.77-square-kilometre- (994.51 sq mi) total area of Albay.
|050516006||Bagong San Roque||4.0%||1,410||1,332||1.09%|
|050516013||Del Rosario Poblacion (Barangay 3)||2.1%||730||709||0.56%|
|050516025||Market Site Poblacion (Barangay 9)||0.6%||200||208||−0.74%|
|050516017||Nagsiya Poblacion (Barangay 8)||2.8%||995||975||0.39%|
|050516026||Pandayan Poblacion (Barangay 10)||1.4%||493||510||−0.64%|
|050516015||San Francisco Poblacion (Barangay 1)||1.9%||654||628||0.78%|
|050516008||San Juan Poblacion (Barangay 2)||3.1%||1,072||1,174||−1.72%|
|050516010||San Pedro Poblacion (Barangay 5)||1.3%||471||508||−1.43%|
|050516012||San Rafael Poblacion (Barangay 7)||1.8%||615||651||−1.08%|
|050516011||San Vicente Poblacion (Barangay 6)||3.9%||1,356||1,238||1.75%|
|050516009||Santo Domingo Poblacion (Barangay 4)||1.9%||673||707||−0.93%|
|Population census of Santo Domingo|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
In the 2015 census, Santo Domingo had a population of 34,967. The population density was 680 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,800/sq mi).
In the 2016 electoral roll, it had 22,200 registered voters.
Potenciano Gregorio, Sr., a famous Bicolano composer and musician was born in the town on May 19, 1880. A shrine where his remains are kept is located in the Town Plaza.
Sarung Banggi Festival, an eight-day summer festivity immortalizing Potenciano Gregorio, Sr.'s timeless composition is held here annually in the month of May.
Resorts along the Santo Domingo coastline offer a wonderful view of the black[clarification needed] beach, the Albay Gulf and a part of the Legazpi City area. Some resorts offer entertainment facilities like videoke and billiards. Some have private pools.
Spanish galleon wreck site which serves as a strong reminder of the rich Manila to Acapulco (Mexico) trade routes during the Spanish era. Found along the shores of Buhatan beach at Santo Domingo, this galleon relic was wrought by a strong typhoon on its way to Acapulco and crushed on the reefs of Albay Gulf. This historical remains lie at five fathoms (9 m) under the sea. It is an ideal place for scuba diving, fishing or boating.
- "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Province: Albay". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "2016 National and Local Elections Statistics". Commission on Elections. 2016.
- "Republic Act No. 2520 - An Act Changing the Name of the Municipality of Libog, Province of Albay, To Municipality of Sto. Domingo". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. 21 June 1959. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 29 October 2016.
- "Municipal: Santo Domingo, Albay". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011.
- "Province of Albay". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- "WEBSITE.WS - Your Internet Address For Life™". Stodomingo-albay.org.jcm-sites.ws. Retrieved 2016-12-04.