Kewa Pueblo, New Mexico

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Kewa Pueblo, New Mexico
Pueblo of Santo Domingo Mission Church
Pueblo of Santo Domingo Mission Church
Location of Kewa Pueblo, New Mexico
Location of Kewa Pueblo, New Mexico
Kewa Pueblo, New Mexico is located in USA
Kewa Pueblo, New Mexico
Kewa Pueblo, New Mexico
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 35°30′52″N 106°21′48″W / 35.51444°N 106.36333°W / 35.51444; -106.36333Coordinates: 35°30′52″N 106°21′48″W / 35.51444°N 106.36333°W / 35.51444; -106.36333
Country United States
State New Mexico
County Sandoval
 • Total 2.0 sq mi (5.2 km2)
 • Land 2.0 sq mi (5.2 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 5,187 ft (1,581 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 2,550
 • Density 1,273.9/sq mi (491.9/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 87052
Area code(s) 505
FIPS code 35-70810
GNIS feature ID 0928818

Kewa Pueblo, formerly known as Santo Domingo Pueblo (Eastern Keres: Kewa), is an Indian pueblo and a census-designated place (CDP) in Sandoval County, New Mexico, in the United States. The pueblo is located approximately 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Santa Fe, 4 miles (6 km) west of Interstate 25. As of the 2000 census, the CDP population was 2,550. The CDP is part of the Albuquerque Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The population of the pueblo is composed of Native Americans who speak an eastern dialect of the Keresan languages.

The Pueblo celebrates an annual feast day on August 4 to honor their patron saint, St. Dominic, where more than 2,000 pueblo people participate in traditional corn dances. The Spanish Conquistadores had given the name "Santo Domingo" to the pueblo in the 17th century, but the earliest recorded name was Gipuy. According to Pueblo Council members the local name has always been "Kewa". In 2009, the pueblo officially changed its name to Kewa Pueblo.[1]


Kewa Pueblo is located at 35°30′52″N 106°21′48″W / 35.51444°N 106.36333°W / 35.51444; -106.36333 (35.514483, -106.363429).[2]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), all of it land.


As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 2,550 people, 446 households, and 408 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,273.9 people per square mile (492.3/km²). There were 475 housing units at an average density of 237.3 per square mile (91.7/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 98.71% Native American, 0.24% White, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.78% from other races, and 0.24% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.18% of the population.

There were 446 households out of which 38.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.3% were married couples living together, 38.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 8.3% were non-families. 7.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 1.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 5.72 and the average family size was 6.02.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 37.0% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 6.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 106.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $26,563, and the median income for a family was $28,382. Males had a median income of $20,878 versus $17,768 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $6,038. About 36.5% of families and 36.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.7% of those under age 18 and 27.5% of those age 65 or over.


The pueblo plays a supporting role in colonial history. The fugitive from the crown Gaspar Castaño de Sosa was arrested at the pueblo in March, 1591. Castaño, a notorious slaver, had fled capture, by pursuing an illegal claims expedition up the Pecos river, at which point had not yet been followed by European eyes. He made it as far as Pecos pueblo before turning west toward modern day Santa Fe. He would then follow the Rio Grande river valley south. On orders of the Viceroy at Mexico City, Captain Juan Morlette found Castaño and arrested at Kewa pueblo and returned him to face trial for his crimes, of which included his attack on Pecos pueblo.

Castaño would abandon two interpretors, whom he had kidnapped and brought with him, at Kewa Pueblo. Juan de Oñate would encounter Tomas and Cristobal when the governor arrived at Kewa Pueblo on his expedition north.


  1. ^ Constable, Anne (9 March 2010), "Pueblo returns to traditional name: Santo Domingo quietly becomes 'Kewa'; tribe alters seal, signs and letterhead", The New Mexican (Santa Fe, New Mexico, newspaper), archived here at WebCite
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Chapman, Kenneth Milton (1977). The Pottery of Santo Domingo Pueblo: a detailed study of its decoration. School of American Research, University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, New Mexico, ISBN 0-8263-0460-5; original published in 1936 as volume 1 of the Memoirs of the Laboratory of Anthropology OCLC 3377512
  • Verzuh, Valerie K. (2008). A River Apart: the pottery of Cochiti and Santo Domingo pueblos. Museum of New Mexico Press, Santa Fe, New Mexico, ISBN 978-0-89013-522-8