Santo Domingo Xenacoj

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Santo Domingo Xenacoj
Municipality
Santo Domingo Xenacoj is located in Guatemala
Santo Domingo Xenacoj
Santo Domingo Xenacoj
Location in Guatemala
Coordinates: 14°40′56″N 90°42′24″W / 14.68222°N 90.70667°W / 14.68222; -90.70667
Country Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala
Department Sacatepéquez Department
Area
 • Total 14 sq mi (37 km2)
Elevation 6,010 ft (1,832 m)
Population (2002)
 • Total 7,940
Climate Cwb

Santo Domingo Xenacoj is a municipality in the Guatemalan department of Sacatepéquez.

Name origin[edit]

The native term Xenacoj has been evolving over the centuries: in 1625, Irish friar Thomas Gage, call it Sinacao;[1] later, friar Francisco Ximenes, O.P. in 1717, calls it Xencoc. In the San Pedro documents is shown as Senacoc and in 1806 was written as Xinacó, in 1880 as Xinacó and, finally, in the early 20th century is written as Xenacoj. The origin of the name comes from the word "Xe" which means under or beneath and Nacoj, which is the name of a hill; therefore, the name Xenacoj means "under the Nacoj hill". Another version claims that instead of Hill, Na means mouth and Coj means lion.

History[edit]

Santo Domingo Xenacoj is located in a valley that the Spanish conquistadores called "de Sacatepéquez" (English: Valle of Sacatepéquez) in the 1520s.[2] That valley was bordered by the valley of Xilotepeque on the West, those of Mixco and las Vacas on the North, and by the Chiquimula province and the South and East.[3] The town was described as having "warm climate" by Irish friar Thomas Gage in his 1548 book about his travels through America in the 1620s and 1630s.[1]

Historian Domingo Juarros wrote that in 1766 the Chimaltenango and Sacatepéquez municipalities tried to join, but it did not work out and they remained split until after independence from Spain in 1821.[4]

Climate[edit]

Santo Domingo Xenacoj has a subtropical highland climate (Köppen: Cwb).

Climate data for Santo Domingo Xenacoj
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21.5
(70.7)
22.5
(72.5)
24.1
(75.4)
24.6
(76.3)
24.1
(75.4)
22.5
(72.5)
22.6
(72.7)
23.1
(73.6)
22.4
(72.3)
21.6
(70.9)
21.6
(70.9)
21.7
(71.1)
22.69
(72.86)
Daily mean °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
16.2
(61.2)
17.4
(63.3)
18.4
(65.1)
18.5
(65.3)
18.0
(64.4)
17.8
(64)
17.9
(64.2)
17.7
(63.9)
17.0
(62.6)
16.3
(61.3)
15.8
(60.4)
17.21
(62.97)
Average low °C (°F) 9.5
(49.1)
9.9
(49.8)
10.7
(51.3)
12.3
(54.1)
13.0
(55.4)
13.6
(56.5)
13.1
(55.6)
12.8
(55)
13.0
(55.4)
12.4
(54.3)
11.1
(52)
9.9
(49.8)
11.78
(53.19)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5
(0.2)
4
(0.16)
3
(0.12)
37
(1.46)
115
(4.53)
262
(10.31)
209
(8.23)
202
(7.95)
253
(9.96)
130
(5.12)
32
(1.26)
6
(0.24)
1,258
(49.54)
Source: Climate-Data.org[5]

Geographic location[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gage 2014, p. 225.
  2. ^ Juarros 1818, p. 301.
  3. ^ Juarros 1818, p. 344.
  4. ^ Juarros 1818, p. 334.
  5. ^ "Climate: Santo Domingo Xenacoj". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 19 September 2015. 
  6. ^ a b SEGEPLAN. "Municipios de Sacatepéquez, Guatemala". Secretaría de Planificación y Programación de la Presidencia (in Spanish). Guatemala. Archived from the original on 29 June 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015. 

Bibliography[edit]