Santonic acid

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Santonic acid
IUPAC name
(−)-2,3,3a,4,5,6,7,7a-octahydro-α,3a,5-trimethyl-6,8-dioxo-1,4-methano-1H-indene-1-acetic acid
3D model (JSmol)
Molar mass 264.32 g mol−1
Density 1.184 g cm−3[1]
Melting point 173 °C (343 °F; 446 K)[1]
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Santonic acid is an organic compound containing both carboxylic acid and ketone functionality.

It was synthesized from santonin by base-mediated hydrolysis of a lactone followed by a multistep rearrangement process by R. B. Woodward.[2]

Unusually for a carboxylic acid, santonic acid does not form hydrogen-bonded dimers in the crystalline phase. Rather, it adopts a polymeric structure, with individual santonic acid molecules linked by intermolecular carboxyl-to-ketone hydrogen bonds.[1]


  1. ^ a b c A. P. J. Brunskill, H. W. Thompson and R. A. Lalancette (April 1999). "Santonic acid: catemeric hydrogen bonding in a γ,ε-diketo carboxylic acid". Acta Crystallogr. C. 55 (4): 566–568. doi:10.1107/S0108270198014231. 
  2. ^ Reusch, William (1999). "Base-catalyzed rearrangements". In: Virtual Textbook of Organic Chemistry. Michigan State University. Retrieved September 10, 2008.