Santoyo

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Santoyo
Church of St. John the Baptist
Church of St. John the Baptist
Flag of Santoyo
Flag
Coat of arms of Santoyo
Coat of arms
Santoyo is located in Castile and León
Santoyo
Santoyo
Location of Santoyo within Castile and León
Santoyo is located in Spain, Canary Islands
Santoyo
Santoyo
Location of Santoyo within Spain
Santoyo is located in Europe
Santoyo
Santoyo
Location of Santoyo within Europe
Coordinates: 42°12′53″N 04°20′36″W / 42.21472°N 4.34333°W / 42.21472; -4.34333Coordinates: 42°12′53″N 04°20′36″W / 42.21472°N 4.34333°W / 42.21472; -4.34333
CountrySpain
Autonomous communityCastile and León
ProvincePalencia
ComarcaTierra de Campos
Government
 • MayorCésar Javier Pérez Andrés (PP)
Area
 • Total34,69 km2 (1,339 sq mi)
Elevation
780 m (2,560 ft)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total197
 • Density0.057/km2 (0.15/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
34490
Dialing code979
Websitesantoyo.es

Santoyo is a municipality located in the province of Palencia, Castile and León, Spain.

History[edit]

The lands within the borders of the current municipality of Santoyo were populated since, at least, classical antiquity. In the Sarnallano moor some material remains of a vaccaean fort can be found. The "Las Quintanas" Roman villa was built in the Late_Roman_Empire, probably in the 4th century - in the 1990s archaeologists discovered amongst its ruins an oven, a hypocaustum, some pottery (both terra sigillata and common) and a well full of debris.

All settlements were abandoned as a consequence of the downfall of the Visigothic Kingdom. The current Santoyo is the result of a resettlement carried out in September 988 (late 10th century) under Fernán de Armentales, a vassal of count García Fernández of Castile. The name of the town itself is most probably derived from the latin Sanctus Ioannes. In the 11th century it was a fortified town, but very scarce remains of the wall have survived.

Church of St. John the Baptist[edit]

Built as a romanesque church in the late 12th century, only some windows in the central nave display this initial style. The bell tower (late 13th century) transitions to Gothic. The transept, presbytery and apse are built in late, Flamboyant Gothic (15th century) similar in style to the contemporary parts of Burgos cathedral, by Juan de Arce and Martín de Solórzano. The church's main, southern entrance is covered by a plateresque portico, known as the patriarch's portico, having been funded by Antonio de Rojas Manrique, Patriarch of the West Indies in the 16th century.[2]

Inside the church, the most relevant element is the renaissance reredos, funded by Sebastián Cordero de Nevares. Additionally, a visigothic baptismal font and a plateresque (15th century) walnut wood pulpit can be found. The choir features a baroque organ, built in 1738 by Pedro Merino de la Rosa, carved walnut choir stalls finished in 1750 and a sixteenth-century mudéjar wooden ceiling (1490-1510).

The church has been listed as a Bien de Interés Cultural.

Other landmarks[edit]

Museums[edit]

  • Centro Temático del Palomar (Thematic dovecote centre): Built inside a traditional farmhouse in 2007, it explains the dove-keeping and dovecote architectural traditions in Tierra de Campos.[4]

Notable people[edit]

Demographic evolution[edit]

1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1981 1991 2012 2013 2014
1.012 997 789 717 628 618 579 494 381 295 241 235 230

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Municipal Register of Spain 2018". National Statistics Institute. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
  2. ^ http://santoyo.es/index.php/turismo/lugares-de-interes/iglesia-de-san-juan-bautista/
  3. ^ Portal santoyo.es.
  4. ^ Portal municipal. Palomares y Centro Temático del Palomar.
  5. ^ https://infovaticana.com/blogs/reflexiones-candil/sebastian-cordero-de-nevares-secretario-real-de-felipe-ii/
  6. ^ Noticia sobre la muerte del abad Dom Isaac María Toribios. En ABC.

External links[edit]