Santutxu

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Coordinates: 43°15′15″N 2°54′42″W / 43.25417°N 2.91167°W / 43.25417; -2.91167

A view of Santutxu from Zamakola
Santutxu
Santutxu
Country Spain Spain
Autonomous community Basque Country
Province Biscay
City Bilbao
District Escudo de Bilbao-Begoña.svg Begoña
Population 33.346 inhabitants
Demonym(s) Santutxutarra
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 48001 – 48015
Dialing code +34 94
Official language(s) Basque
Spanish

Santutxu (spelled as Santuchu when written in Spanish). It belongs to the 4th urban district, named Begoña. It is a popular residential neighbourhood which has also a relatively strong commercial area, including three food retail markets. It belongs to the 4th urban district, named Begoña, which is completed by three neighbourhoods, Santutxu, Begoña and Boleta. Many believe Santutxu to be the most densely populated neighbourhood in Europe, despite all evidence to the contrary,[1] but while the neighbourhood association has campaigned for more resources to be put in place in District 4 (comprising Santutxu, Begoña, and Boleta),[2] Santutxu is not even the most densely populated neighbourhood within Bilbao.[3]

History[edit]

Santutxu (meaning little Saint in Basque), owes its name to a hermitage which was dedicated to Francisco de Paula. This hermitage was founded in 1737 by Francisco Fernando de Barrenechea among others, and was built with the sole purpose of enabling its colonists to hear masses without moving to Begoña church. Since both the hermitage and the Saint figure inside were small sized, it was popularly given the name Santutxu, Santuchu in Spanish. Moreover, the word Santutxu is the result of the union of two basque words, santu which means holy in basque and txu which is a diminutive suffix, also in basque.

In those first years, every second of April was celebrated in honor of San Francisco de Paula with a Major Mass of great solemnity. Representatives of the Hall of the República de Begoña would attend this event, as well as members of the clergy that would take part in every religious event back in those days, where rockets, drumming and of course, a typical homemade Basque wine named txakoli or chacolí in Spanish, were the order of the day.

In 1925, the church of Begoña was annexed (and with it, the neighbourhood of Santutxu) to Bilbao. In the XX century it went from being a semi-rural zone with great sandlots, to a highly populated neighbourhood, especially after the building and demographic growth of the 1960s.

Luis Briñas Public school is a detached building in Santutxu, located on Iturriaga street, near the Campa de Basarrate. It is monumentally protected and was designed by the architect Pedro Ispizua Susunaga (Bermeo, 1895 - Bilbao, 1976), who also designed the del Tigre, the Mercado de la Ribera, the pergola of Parque Casilda Iturrizar or the Kiosco del Arenal.

In Santutxu, according to the Bilbao Hall census data of 2008, there are 33,346 inhabitants.

Famous people from Santutxu[edit]

Events in Santutxu[edit]

  • "Santutxu pintxotan" is a gastronomic event and contest for catering professionals from Santutxu which takes place once a year in some bars of the neighbourhood.[4]
  • "Premios Santutxu y más" is an event created by the journal of the neighbourhood to give awards to those relevant people, organisations or entities that have appeared in its pages during the last year.

Organisations related with Santutxu[edit]

  • Santutxu families' association, which was created in 1967.
  • Santutxu FC: Santutxu football team.
  • Storekeepers' association [5]
  • Begoña's teenager area: Free time area for teenagers (from 13 to 17 years) from Santutxu, Begoña and Bolueta neighbourhoods
  • Social center for the Santutxu elderly [6]
  • "Bizit Santutxu": Associative project of crowdfunding, which seeks sponsorships for the neighbourhood's sports clubs, but also to foment the consumption in local shops.

Transports[edit]

Santutxu metro station elevator

Bilbobus[edit]

Line Itinerary Frequency (minutes)
13 San Ignacio - Txurdinaga 15'
34 Otxarkoaga - Santutxu 30´
40 La Peña - Plaza Biribila 20´
43 Garaizar - Santutxu 30´
48 Santutxu - Lezeaga 20´
77 El Peñascal - Mina del Morro 12´

Bilbao Underground[edit]

There are two underground stations (Metro Bilbao):

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://thegirlwiththedaffodiltattoo.wordpress.com/2017/02/21/santutxu-not-a-matriarchy/
  2. ^ http://www.elcorreo.com/vizcaya/20091011/vizcaya/habitantes-poco-kilometro-cuadrado-20091011.html
  3. ^ http://www.bilbao.net/ArchivoDigital/BoletinesEstadisticos/2008_Bilbao%20en%20cifras_esp-eus.pdf
  4. ^ PINTXOTAN, SANTUTXU (2015). "SANTUTXU PINTXOTAN". Santutxu pintxotan. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  5. ^ "AGRUPACIÓN DE COMERCIANTES SANTUTXU MERKATARIEN ELKARTEA". Agrupación de comerciantes Santutxu. Retrieved 22 May 2016. 
  6. ^ UDAL EKIPAMENDUAK (PDF) (Report). Bilboko Udala. Hiritarrekiko Harremanen Saila. p. 9. Retrieved 22 April 2016.