Sanya

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Sanya
三亚市
Prefecture-level city
West part of Sanya
West part of Sanya
Location Sanya City jurisdiction in Hainan
Location Sanya City jurisdiction in Hainan
Sanya is located in Hainan
Sanya
Sanya
Location of the city centre in Hainan
Coordinates: 18°15′12″N 109°30′13″E / 18.25333°N 109.50361°E / 18.25333; 109.50361Coordinates: 18°15′12″N 109°30′13″E / 18.25333°N 109.50361°E / 18.25333; 109.50361
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hainan
Landform Hainan Island
Government
 • CPC Municipal Secretary Jiang Sixian
Area
 • Total 1,919.58 km2 (741.15 sq mi)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total 685,408
 • Density 360/km2 (920/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 572100
Area code(s) 0898
Licence plate prefixes
Website sanya.gov.cn
Sanya
Simplified Chinese 三亚
Traditional Chinese 三亞
Postal Map Sama

Sanya (simplified Chinese: 三亚; traditional Chinese: 三亞; pinyin: Sānyà) is the southernmost city on Hainan Island, and one of the three prefecture-level cities of Hainan Province, in Southeast China.

According to the 2010 Census, the population of Sanya is of 685,408 inhabitants,[1] living in an area of 1,919.58 square kilometres (741.15 sq mi). The city is renowned for its tropical climate and has emerged as a popular tourist destination, also serving as the training site of the Chinese national beach volleyball team. Sanya is home to small concentrations of Utsul people.

History[edit]

Known in ancient times as Yazhou (Chinese Postal Map Romanisation spelling: Ngaichow; 崖州), literally "cliff state or prefecture", Sanya's history dates to the Qin Dynasty (221–206 BCE). Due to its remoteness from the political centers during the Imperial China eras on Mainland China, Sanya was sometimes called Tianya Haijiao (天涯海角), meaning "the end of the sky and ocean" or "the end of the earth". As a result, the city served as a place of exile for officials who found themselves out of favor with the country's rulers.

During the Tang Dynasty, the Buddhist monk Jianzhen accidentally landed here, using Sanya as a staging post on his missionary journey to Japan.[2]

20th century[edit]

In 1912, Yazhou became Yaxian (崖县; Chinese Postal Map Romanisation: Ngaihsien). Japan then occupied the area during the Second Sino-Japanese War (1941–1945) and renamed Sanya as Samah. The city then became a naval port for the Second Fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy and the main embarkation point for the Japanese Invasion of Malaya and Thailand.[3]

In April 1950, the People's Liberation Army took over Yaxian County and established a People's Government. In October 1954, the administration of the CPC Yaxian Committee relocated from Yacheng to Sanya then in 1958, administration of Yaxian relocated from Yacheng to Sanya and Yaxian merged with Baoting, Lingshui, Niulou, and Xinglong, Wanning, to become a large county. In 1959 and 1961 these areas were separated to establish Baoting and Lingshui while Yaxian County remained in its current prefecture. Approved by the State Council of China, Yaxian was upgraded to Sanya City on September 26, 1987 and on December 30, Sanya City was officially established.[4]

In 2007 the Beijing Olympic Organizing Committee announced that the city of Sanya would become the first leg of the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics torch relay in China.[5]

Geography[edit]

Sanya city map

Sanya lies at the southern tip of Hainan Island at Sanya Bay, and, after Sansha (also administered by Hainan Province), is the second-southernmost prefecture-level city nationally. Located at 18° 15' N latitude, it is about as far north of the Equator as the Island of Hawaii is. Though the administrative area (Sanya City) has a rough topography, the city itself is generally flat, lying on a parcel of land between low-level mountains to the north and the South China Sea.

Climate[edit]

The area has a tropical wet and dry climate (Köppen Aw),[6] featuring very warm weather all year around. Monsoonal influences are strong, with a relatively lengthy wet season and a pronounced dry season. The coolest month is January, at 21.6 °C (70.9 °F), while the hottest, unlike much of the rest of China, is June, at 28.8 °C (83.8 °F); the annual mean is 25.8 °C (78.4 °F). Water temperatures remain above 20 °C (68 °F) year-round.[7]

Climate data for Sanya (1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 26.1
(79)
26.8
(80.2)
28.6
(83.5)
30.7
(87.3)
32.0
(89.6)
31.9
(89.4)
31.7
(89.1)
31.4
(88.5)
31.2
(88.2)
30.2
(86.4)
28.5
(83.3)
26.6
(79.9)
29.6
(85.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.6
(70.9)
22.5
(72.5)
24.6
(76.3)
26.9
(80.4)
28.4
(83.1)
28.8
(83.8)
28.5
(83.3)
28.1
(82.6)
27.4
(81.3)
26.4
(79.5)
24.3
(75.7)
22.1
(71.8)
25.80
(78.44)
Average low °C (°F) 18.5
(65.3)
19.8
(67.6)
21.9
(71.4)
24.2
(75.6)
25.6
(78.1)
26.1
(79)
25.9
(78.6)
25.5
(77.9)
24.7
(76.5)
23.4
(74.1)
21.3
(70.3)
19.0
(66.2)
23.0
(73.4)
Rainfall mm (inches) 8.0
(0.315)
12.8
(0.504)
19.2
(0.756)
43.3
(1.705)
142.3
(5.602)
197.5
(7.776)
192.6
(7.583)
221.5
(8.72)
251.4
(9.898)
234.5
(9.232)
58.3
(2.295)
10.7
(0.421)
1,392.1
(54.807)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3.4 3.6 3.9 5.6 10.0 14.0 13.8 16.0 17.0 13.5 6.6 3.7 111.1
Source: Weather China[7]

Subdivisions[edit]

Sanya has direct jurisdiction over four county-level districts and two township-level subdistricts (乡级管理区 xiangji guanli-qu), six towns ( zhen) and four state-run farms:

Jiyang District (吉阳区)
English Name Simplified Pinyin Area Population Density
Hedong (Sub)District 河东区街道办 Hédōng Qū Jiēdào Bàn 35 147,944 4,227
Jiyang 吉阳镇 Jíyáng Zhèn 199 92,316 464
Nanxin Farm 国营南新农场 Guóyíng Nánxīn Nóngchǎng N.D. 16,801 N.D.
Tianya District (天涯区)
English Name Simplified Pinyin Area Population Density
Hexi (Sub)District 河西区街道办 Héxī Qū Jiēdào Bàn 10 134,026 13,403
Fenghuang 凤凰镇 Fènghuáng Zhèn 487 66,801 137
Tianya 天涯镇 Tiānyá Zhèn 269 34,934 130
Yucai 育才镇 Yùcái Zhèn 315 17,515 56
Licai Farm 国营立才农场 Guóyíng Lìcái Nóngchǎng N.D. 16,659 N.D.
Haitang District (海棠区)
English Name Simplified Pinyin Area Population Density
Haitangwan 海棠湾镇 Hǎitángwān Zhèn 254 44,617 176
Nantian Farm 国营南田农场 Guóyíng Nántián Nóngchǎng N.D. 24,280 N.D.
Yazhou District (崖州区)
English Name Simplified Pinyin Area Population Density
Yacheng 崖城镇 Yáchéng Zhèn 383 74,779 195
Nanbin Farm 国营南滨农场 Guóyíng Nánbīn Nóngchǎng N.D. 14,736 N.D.

Tourism[edit]

In recent years Sanya has become a popular tourist destination.[8] Numerous international hotel chains are now established in the area. In 2009 the luxury Mandarin Oriental hotel group opened in the Dadong Hai area of Sanya, their first property in mainland China. There are now over 100 hotels, ranging from international brands to local managed resorts. Sanya has seen an unprecedented expansion in luxury hotel brands, only comparable to Dubai.

Because of unique geographical and political circumstances to Sanya, many niche markets have been cultivated in real estate, food and beverage management, Chinese language and cultural exchange, agro-tourism, and wilderness adventures. Sanya is blessed with a wide range of different beaches and resort areas – from its upscale Yalong Bay, appealing primarily to rich Chinese and Westerners, to the Russians’ favourite Dadonghai (also for middle-class Chinese), Sanya Bay (for the more budget-oriented traveller), Sanya City (good for business travellers), the Luhuitou Peninsula (residential area close to the Canadian school), and the newer Haitang Bay developments (promising to be an all inclusive destination in the coming years). Although many of the bays are fast reaching their capacity limits, new construction continues.

Russian and English signs can be seen throughout the city. Restaurants in Sanya are also infamous for over-charging tourists (whether foreign or Chinese).[9] However, due to the recent exposure of this practice posted on the micro-blogging site Sina Weibo, Hainan government officials and Sanya city officials have vowed to crack down on this practice.[10] The Sanya Industrial and Commercial Bureau has also began to implement an open and transparent real-time information system of the city’s seafood restaurants during the May Day holiday this year for public supervision in order to stop any future price gouging by restaurants.[11]

Sanya is facing a few challenges as it continues to expand at such a rapid rate, lack of infrastructure to support tourism, difficulty in reaching the location due to limited flights and airport capacity, sound pollution, traffic and road safety, pollution of the beaches and most importantly shortage of quality hospitality talent.

Main sights[edit]

  • The Guanyin Statue of Hainan, a 108 metres (354 ft) Buddhist statue, completed in May 2005 and one of the tallest statues in the world[12] and the adjoining Nanshan Temple.
  • Yalong Bay, a 7.5 kilometres (4.7 mi) major tourist beach located east of Sanya City.
  • Tianya Haijiao (The ends of the earth and the corners of the sea)
  • Deer Turning Head Park (Luhuitou Park 鹿回头公园) - A park containing a large stone statue above Sanya harbour telling the story of a hunter pursuing a deer to an isolated headland near the sea. When the deer could not escape, it turned to look at the hunter and became a beautiful woman. The hunter could not kill the deer and instead fell in love with her. People leave a padlock on a chain at the top of the mountain in the hope that their love will last as long as the lock remains.
  • Dadonghai, Sanya, Haitang, and Yazhou, Xiangshuiwan Bay are the five major bays in Sanya, Xiangshuiwan Bay remains the most beautiful and natural near the famous Nuilin Mountain.[13]
  • Butterfly Valley (蝴蝶谷; pinyin: Húdié Gǔ)[14] and a shell aquarium.[15]

Other attractions include:

Transportation[edit]

The city is served by Sanya Phoenix International Airport. Taxis are available throughout the city.

Buses from other parts of Hainan Island serve Sanya's bus terminal. The No. 8 bus connects the airport to Dadonghai Beach and Yalong Bay.

Hainan East Ring Intercity Rail=[edit]

Construction of the Hainan East Ring Intercity Rail began in 2007. The railway now links Sanya and Haikou, and runs along the east coast of Hainan Island. There are 15 stations in between, either in operation or still under construction. Trains are designed to travel at 250 km/h (160 mph). Travel time from Sanya to Haikou is approximately 1 hour and 22 minutes. On December 30, 2010, an announcement was made that another high-speed railway will be built along the west coast of Hainan connecting with the Hainan East Ring Intercity Rail in Sanya and Haikou.

Social services[edit]

Education[edit]

The Canadian International School of Sanya is the first school to offer two programs: Canadian and Mandarin, in Hainan. The school has announced its relocation to the BanShanBanDao -Serenity Coast (半山半岛) residential area in August 2014, the new campus will offer pre-K, day students and boarding facilities for students.

Sanya University (三亚学院) Located at Xueyuan Rd., Yingbin Ave. Sanya Hainan 572022. Sanya University is an independent undergraduate university, it has a brand new campus and state of the art facilities. The University has fourteen schools: Social Development, Law, Finance and Economics, Management, Tourism Management, Humanities and Communication, Arts, Foreign Languages, Engineering, Physical Education, General Education & Foundation Courses, International Tourism, International Education and Music etc. and offers 56 undergraduate majors. http://www.sanyau.edu.cn

Qiongzhou University (琼州大学) Address:1 Yucai Road, Sanya, 572022. The only public university located in Sanya, The University is actively pursing more foreign enrolments, hoping to attract Chinese tourism and language students to the city http://www.qzu.edu.cn Courses Offered to International Students: 1. Elementary Chinese, intermediate Chinese, Advanced Chinese (Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing) 2. English, Russian (Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing) 3. Chinese calligraphy and painting, Chinese Kongfu, Chinese History, Studies of Li and Miao Cultures 4. Tourism and Recreational Management 5. Music Performance

Hospitals[edit]

Hainan 301 Hospital, a branch hospital of People's Liberation Army General Hospital, is located in the Haitang Bay area of Sanya. [19] The hospital possesses a substantial number of state-of-the-art equipment for medical and research purposes which include a Da Vinci surgical system, different MIR system (including 1.5T MRI 3.0T MRI), Helical CT facilities (including 128-Slices CT), medical linear accelerator and electronic microscopes which are worth more than 450 million yuan. The hospital has 500 patient beds, and a total of 74 clinical, medical and nursing departments.

Sanya Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital (三亚市中医院), is located on Fenghuang Rd, Sanya City. [20] It is a grade-A tertiary hospital offering medical care, education, research, healthcare services and International Chinese Medicine exchange and cooperation.

Events[edit]

The city has hosted:

[22]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Chinese) Compilation by LianXin website. Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China
  2. ^ "Sanya history". Sanya Municipal Network Information Center. 2009. Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  3. ^ Chen, C.Peter. "Battle of Hainan". ww2db.com. World War II Database. Retrieved 2014-06-18. 
  4. ^ "City overview". www.at0086.com. Xian Boai International School. Retrieved 2014-06-18. 
  5. ^ "Beijing Olympic torch relay kicks off in Chinese mainland". http://english.people.com.cn. Xinhua Agent. Retrieved 2014-06-18. 
  6. ^ Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). Updated Asian Map of the Köppen climate classification system. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1633-1644.
  7. ^ a b "三亚城市介绍" (in Simplified Chinese). Weather China. Retrieved 2011-05-27. 
  8. ^ Kuperman, Jonathan. "Is paradise fading in Hainan?". http://www.china.org.cn. China.org.cn. Retrieved 2014-06-18. 
  9. ^ Fauna. "Sanya Restaurants Ripping Off Customers, Fleecing Tourists". http://www.chinasmack.com/. Retrieved 2014-06-18. 
  10. ^ Yiming, Huang; Dan, He. "Hainan vows to stop price gouging". Chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 2014-06-18. 
  11. ^ The Sanya Industrial and Commercial Bureau has set up an open and transparent real-time information system of the city’s seafood restaurants during the May Day holiday this year for public supervision.
  12. ^ "Top 10 Highest Monuments around the World,". Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  13. ^ (Chinese) Haitang Bay in Sanya, Xinhuanet December 26, 2007.
  14. ^ "Sanya Butterfly Valley". http://www.explorechinatours.com/. explorechinatours.com. Retrieved 2014-06-18. 
  15. ^ "WILDLIFE & MARIN ZONE". http://www.visithainan.com.au/. VisitHaiNan.com.au. Retrieved 2014-06-18. 
  16. ^ "Hainan will build the next ten years theme park (Figure)". China daily. Retrieved 2011-11-13. 
  17. ^ "First signs of the trend in developing hainan theme parks - Haikoutour". En.haikoutour.gov.cn. Retrieved 2011-11-13. 
  18. ^ "why did sea theme park settle in lingshui - can the inflatable toys save the children who". Fwulong.skyrock.com. 2010-12-30. Retrieved 2011-11-13. 
  19. ^ haikoutour.gov: Hainan 301 Hospital
  20. ^ Sanya Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital
  21. ^ http://www.comprehensivenews.us/news-2892236-Haitang-Bay-Sanya-International-Beach-Music-Festival-23-the-curtain-good-sound-to-help-out.html
  22. ^ "Haitang Bay Gloria Sanya appointed as sponsor hotel for 2012 Sanya Int’l Beach Musical Festival". http://www.whatsonsanya.com. Haitang Bay Gloria Sanya. Retrieved 2014-06-18. 

External links[edit]