Sapé language

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Native to Venezuela
Region Paragua and Karuna rivers
Ethnicity 28 (1992)[1]
Native speakers
5 (2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 spc
Glottolog sape1238[2]

Sapé a.k.a. Kaliana is a nearly extinct language spoken along the Paragua and Karuna rivers. In 2008 a few elderly speakers were found. Sape is one of the most poorly attested extant languages in South America, and may be a language isolate. There is, however, no linguistic data on the language.[3][4]


  1. ^ a b Sapé at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Sapé". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Harald Hammarström, 2010, 'The status of the least documented language families in the world'. In Language Documentation & Conservation, v 4, p 183 [1]
  4. ^ Dixon and Aikhenvald, 1999, The Amazonian Languages, p 343.

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