Sapele

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Sapele
Entandrophragma cylindricum
Sapele Tree Congo Brazzaville.jpg
A sapele tree in Brazzaville, Republic of the Congo
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Meliaceae
Genus: Entandrophragma
Species: E. cylindricum
Binomial name
Entandrophragma cylindricum

Entandrophragma cylindricum is a tree of the genus Entandrophragma of the family Meliaceae. It is commonly known as sapele or sapelli (/səˈpl/ sə-PEE-lee) or sapele mahogany,[2] as well as aboudikro, assi and muyovu.

Origin of the name[edit]

The name sapele comes from the city Sapele in Nigeria, where a preponderance of the tree exists. The African Timber and Plywood (AT&P) a division of the United Africa Company factory was based at this location and where the wood, along with Triplochiton scleroxylon, Obeche, mahogany and Khaya was processed into timber which was then exported from the Port of Sapele worldwide.

The origin of the name, itself is said to be an anglicized derivation of the Urhobo word Uriapele, named after a local deity. It is believed the British colonial authorities changed the name of the then hamlet to Sapele as it was easier to pronounce.

Description[edit]

Entandrophragma cylindricum is native to tropical Africa.[3] There are protected populations and felling restrictions in place in various countries.

The species grows to a height of up to 45 m (rarely 60 m). The leaves are deciduous in the dry season, alternately arranged, pinnate, with 5-9 pairs of leaflets, each leaflet about 10 cm long. The flowers are produced in loose inflorescences when the tree is leafless, each flower about 5 mm diameter, with five yellowish petals. The fruit is a pendulous capsule about 10 cm long and 4 cm broad; when mature it splits into five sections to release the 15-20 seeds.[4]

Uses[edit]

An array mbira made of sapele wood

The commercially important hardwood is reminiscent of mahogany, and is a part of the same Meliaceae family. It is darker in tone and has a distinctive figure, typically applied where figure is important. Sapele is particularly prized for a lustrous iridescence with colors that range from light pink to brown and gold to red. It has a high density of 640 kg/m3 and interlocked grain, which can make machining somewhat difficult. Demand for sapele increased as a mahogany substitute in recent years due to genuine mahogany becoming a CITES Appendix II listed species.[5] It is used in the manufacture of furniture, joinery, veneer, luxury flooring, and boat building.

Among its more exotic uses is that in musical instruments. It is used for the back and sides of acoustic guitar bodies, as well as the bodies of electric guitars. It is also used in manufacturing the neck piece of ukuleles and 26- and 36-string harps. In the late 90s, it started to be used as a board for Basque percussion instruments txalaparta.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hawthorne, W. (1998). Entandrophragma cylindricum. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998: e.T33051A9753619. https://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998.RLTS.T33051A9753619.en. Downloaded on 21 July 2018.
  2. ^ Wood database
  3. ^ Entandrophragma cylindricum - World Forestry
  4. ^ Sapele - The Wood Database
  5. ^ Mahogany Mixups: the Lowdown - The Wood Database

External links[edit]