Sapelo Island Light

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Sapelo Island Light
Sapelo Island Lighthouse, GA, US.jpg
Sapelo Island Light
Sapelo Island Light is located in Georgia (U.S. state)
Sapelo Island Light
Sapelo Island Light
Location Darien, Georgia
Coordinates 31°23′29″N 81°17′08″W / 31.39127°N 81.28568°W / 31.39127; -81.28568Coordinates: 31°23′29″N 81°17′08″W / 31.39127°N 81.28568°W / 31.39127; -81.28568
Year first constructed 1820
Year first lit 1820
Deactivated 1905 to 1998
Construction Brick
Tower shape Conical
Markings / pattern 6 alternate red and white horizontal
Height 80 ft (24 m)
Original lens Lewis lamp (1820)
Fourth order Fresnel lens (1854)
Characteristic

Fixed white varied by a white flash every 45 s

Sapelo Island Lighthouse
Sapelo Island Light is located in Georgia (U.S. state)
Sapelo Island Light
Sapelo Island Light is located in the US
Sapelo Island Light
Location S end of Sapelo Island, S of University of Georgia Marine Institute, Sapelo Island, Georgia
Area 205.9 acres (83.3 ha)
Built 1905
Architect Winslow Lewis
NRHP Reference # 97000335[1]
Added to NRHP August 26, 1997

Sapelo Island Lighthouse is a lighthouse in Georgia, United States, near the southern tip of Sapelo Island. It is the nation's second-oldest brick lighthouse and the oldest survivor among lighthouses designed by Winslow Lewis.[2] The lighthouse, oil building, the cistern, the footing of the 1905 light, the ruins of the fortification, and the associated range light were added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1997.

The lighthouse is a 65 feet (20 m) brick structure, about 30 feet (9.1 m) in diameter at the base and 12 feet (3.7 m) at the top. Its brick walls are several feet thick at the bottom, tapering to about two feet thick at the top.[3]

History[edit]

Skeleton tower that stood from 1905 to 1933

Sapelo Island Lighthouse was built in 1820. It was designed and built by Winslow Lewis. It had fifteen Lewis lamps with 16 in (41 cm) reflectors. In the 1850s, the tower was raised by 10 ft (3.0 m) and a fourth-order Fresnel lens was installed in 1854. The lens was removed during the Civil War. It was extensively repaired after an 1867 storm and relit in 1868. The tower was damaged by a strong hurricane in 1898.

A pyramidal 100 ft (30 m) skeletal tower lighthouse with a third-order Fresnel lens was built in 1905. This tower was dismantled and relocated in 1934 to South Fox Island, Michigan.

The 1820 lighthouse was inactive from 1905 to 1998, when it was restored to its 1890 appearance and was relit (with a modern light and lens).[4][5][6] Is now maintained by the Georgia Department of Natural Resources and is unofficial.

Keepers[edit]

  • Jeremiah Lester 1821 – 1825
  • William Donnelly 1827 – 1841
  • Henry M. Caulder 1843 - ?
  • William Thomas 1845 – 1847
  • Robert B. Mason 1849 – 1851
  • Robert Hale ? – 1853)
  • Alexander Hazzard 1853 – 1862, 1868 – 1869
  • W.W. Brown 1869
  • James C. Clark 1869 – 1870
  • Montgomery P. Styles 1870 – 1871
  • J.T. Clancy 1871
  • Hiram Hammett 1871 – 1872
  • John Bradwell 1872 – 1873
  • James Cromley, Sr. 1873 – 1889
  • William G. Cromley 1890 – 1900
  • James Cromley, Jr. 1900 – 1921
  • Robert H. Cromley 1928 – 1933[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ LighthouseFriends
  3. ^ Kenneth H. Thomas, Jr., and Richard Cloues (March 3, 1997). "National Register of Historic Places Registration: Sapelo Island Lighthouse" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved January 28, 2017.  with eight photos
  4. ^ "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Georgia". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. 
  5. ^ Roberts, Bruce; Jones, Ray (2002). Southern Lighthouses: Outer Banks to Cape Florida (3 ed.). Guilford, CT: Globe Pequot Press. p. 57. ISBN 0-7627-1243-0. 
  6. ^ "Sapelo Island Lighthouse, Georgia at Lighthousefriends.com". 
  7. ^ Lighthouse friends

External links[edit]