|Comune di Sappada|
|Province / Metropolitan city||Belluno (BL)|
|• Mayor||Manuel Piller Hoffer|
|• Total||62.6 km2 (24.2 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,250 m (4,100 ft)|
|• Density||21/km2 (55/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||St. Margaret|
|Saint day||July 20|
The settlement is situated on the southern slopes of the Peralba mountain, part of the Carnic Alps range, close to the border with Austria. Sappada is located about 130 kilometres (81 mi) north of Venice and about 60 kilometres (37 mi) northeast of Belluno. As of 31 December 2004, the municipality had a population of 1,339 and an area of 62.6 square kilometres (24.2 sq mi).
Sappada is a German language island in Italy. The local vernacular, Plodarsich or plodar schproche (Sappadino in Italian), is a variety of Puster Valley Tyrolean Bavarian that is closely related to the speech of nearby Sauris (Zahre) in Friuli. It is however unrelated to the Germanic Cimbrian language spoken in other language islands in Trentino and Veneto. The German name of the settlement refers to the Piave (German: Ploden) river which runs through the valley.
The area of Sappada was initially part of the historic Cadore region, which Emperor Otto II ceded to the Bavarian Bishops of Freising in 973. The bishops already held nearby Innichen Abbey in the Puster Valley. At the time, German-speaking settlers, mainly from the Villgraten valley (in present-day East Tyrol), entered the region. King Henry IV, after his Walk to Canossa in January 1077, gave Sappada to the Patriarchs of Aquileia in 1077.
Pladen itself, then part of a larger mining area together with neighbouring Forni Avoltri, was first mentioned in a 1269 deed. With the Friulian lands of Aquileia, it was conquered by Venice and incorporated into the Domini di Terraferma by 1420. Part of the Province of Belluno since 1852, it fell to the Kingdom of Italy in 1866.
Although Sappada is currently part of Veneto, it was historically part of the Carnia region in Friuli. In 2010, the municipality has formally asked to become part of Friuli Venezia Giulia. According to the Italian constitution, municipalities bordering on autonomous regions have the right to ask for the incorporation into the neighboring region. The municipal council of Sappada took advantage of this possibility and ask the Friuli Venezia Giulia region to join it. In September 2010, the Regional Council of Friuli Venezia Giulia accepted the municipality's demand.
- Dizionario Sappadino-Italiano: P.
- All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
Media related to Sappada at Wikimedia Commons