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Saptapadi (English: seven steps, saptapadī) is the most important rite (Sanskrit: rītī) of a Hindu marriage ceremony. The word, Saptapadi means "Seven steps". After tying the Mangalsutra, the newlywed couple take seven steps, that is called Saptapadi. After the seventh step, the couple legally become husband and wife.

Saptapadi is sometimes mistaken with Saat Phere.[1]


In Eastern India, South India and Western India, during Hindu wedding, the couple say these words as they complete the seven steps of Saptapadi:

"Now let us make a vow together. We shall share love, share the same food, share our strengths, share the same tastes. We shall be of one mind, we shall observe the vows together. I shall be the Samaveda, you the Rigveda, I shall be the Upper World, you the Earth; I shall be the Sukhilam, you the Holder - together we shall live and beget children, and other riches; come thou, O sweet-worded girl!"[2][3][4][5][6]

In North Indian weddings, the bride and the groom say the following words after completing the seven steps:

"We have taken the Seven Steps. You have become mine forever. Yes, we have become partners. I have become yours. Hereafter, I cannot live without you. Do not live without me. Let us share the joys. We are word and meaning, united. You are thought and I am sound. May the night be honey-sweet for us. May the morning be honey-sweet for us. May the earth be honey-sweet for us. May the heavens be honey-sweet for us. May the plants be honey-sweet for us. May the sun be all honey for us. May the cows yield us honey-sweet milk. As the heavens are stable, as the earth is stable, as the mountains are stable, as the whole universe is stable, so may our union be permanently settled."[7][8][9][10]

In culture[edit]

  • In 1961, a Bengali film was released in Tollywood, directed by Ajoy Kar, named Saptapadi. It is a love story with a twist set in Bengal in pre-independent India (early 1940); the time when young Indian students were competing equally with British 'goras' in all fields, whether it be education or sports.
  • In 1981 a Telugu film was released named Saptapadi, directed by Kaasinathuni Viswanath; this film won a National Award in Indian Films.
  • Saptapadii, a Gujarati film directed by Niranjan Thade, was released in 2013. The music of the film is given by Rajat Dholakia & Piyush Kanojia. Popular TV actor Manav Gohil stars opposite Swaroop Sampat. It also stars child actor Heet Samani. Produced by Amitabh Bachchan’s AB Corp and leading event management company Slash Production, the film is written by Niranjan Thade, Chandrakant Shah & Kaajal Oza Vaidya. Its worldwide distributor is Different Strokes Communications Pvt. Ltd. (Dr. Devdatt Kapadia and Mrinal Kapadia)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Menski, Werner (2013-12-16). Modern Indian Family Law. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-136-83992-4.
  2. ^
  3. ^ South Indian Wedding,, retrieved 2009-05-21, ... The Ritual of the Hindu Wedding too is each symbolic ...
  4. ^ Sapthapathi Manthras - Its meaning,, archived from the original on 2008-07-25, retrieved 2009-05-21, ... they both say: "Now let us make a vow together. We shall share the same food, share the strengths ...
  5. ^ Archived 2007-01-13 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ A South Indian Wedding – The Rituals and the Rationale: The Vedic Ceremony of the Tamil Shaivite Brahmin community, SAWNET, archived from the original on 2008-05-12, retrieved 2009-05-21, ... The gates of the wedding hall are adorned with full-grown plantain trees, signifying evergreen plenty for endless generations ...
  7. ^ Diane Warner (2006), Diane Warner's Complete Book of Wedding Vows: Hundreds of Ways to Say "I Do", Career Press, pp. 7–8, ISBN 1-56414-816-5, ... We have taken the Seven Steps. You have become mine ...
  8. ^ Sitaram Sehgal (1969), Hindu marriage and its immortal traditions, Navyug Publications, ... May the plants be honey-sweet for us; may the Sun be all honey for us and ...
  9. ^ Eleanor C. Munro (1996), Wedding readings: centuries of writing and rituals on love and marriage, Penguin Books, ISBN 0-14-008879-2, ... May the nights be honey-sweet for us; may the mornings be honey-sweet ...
  10. ^ Michael Macfarlane (1999), Wedding Vows: Finding the Perfect Words, Sterling Publishing Company, p. 89, ISBN 978-0-8069-0639-3, ... we are word and meaning, united ...

External links[edit]