Saqqez

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the administrative subdivision, see Saqqez County.
Saqqez
سه‌قز, Seqiz
City
Saqqez in the evening
Saqqez in the evening
Saqqez is located in Iran
Saqqez
Saqqez
Coordinates: 36°14′47″N 46°15′59″E / 36.24639°N 46.26639°E / 36.24639; 46.26639Coordinates: 36°14′47″N 46°15′59″E / 36.24639°N 46.26639°E / 36.24639; 46.26639
Country  Iran
Province Kurdistan
County Saqqez
Bakhsh Central
Elevation 1,476 m (4,843 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 139,738
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Saqqez (Kurdish: سه‌قز‎, Seqiz; Persian: سقز‎‎), also known as Saghez, Saqez, Saqqiz, Saqiz, and Sakīz,[1] is a city which is the capital of Saqqez County, Kurdistan Province, Iran. According to the 2011 census, its population was 139,738.

History[edit]

The Kurds and their Iranian ancestors have lived in Saqqez and its surrounding area since about 1000 BC. By the mid-seventh century BC the Scythians reached their zenith in western Asia under Bartatua, and the Saqqez region was their political center.[2] During the pre-Islamic era Saqqez and its surrounding area made up a small country, Sagapeni, believed to be related to the ancient Iranian Sakas (Scythians) from which the city's name derives. Saqqez has two parts: historic and new.

Covered row of stores
Jewish bazaar in Saqqez
Rear area of buildings, with two trees
Naqshbandi Khanqahh in the Saqqez bazaar

Wildlife[edit]

Grassy plain, with low mountains in the background
Kamatouh plain

Saqqez has a variety of wildlife, including bears (wrch), wolves, squirrels, partridge, eagles, foxes, antelope, quail and hogs.

Climate[edit]

At an altitude of 1,476 metres (4,842 feet), Saqqez has a varied climate with cold snowy winters and hot dry summers. According to the Köppen climate classification, the city has a hot-summer variant of the continental Mediterranean climate. In summer, the temperature fluctuates widely due to the thin, dry air and low summertime humidity. In 1969 Saqqez recorded a temperature of −36 °C (−33 °F), the lowest ever recorded by an Iranian weather station until Kheirabad Zanjan recorded −36.4 °C (−33.5 °F) on January 29, 1997.[3][4] Saqqez again reached −36°C. during the February 3–9 1972 Iran blizzard. Saqqez unofficially reached −45.8 °C (−50.4 °F) in December 2006 and −42.3 °C (−44.1 °F) in January 2007, the lowest temperatures recorded in an Iranian city.[5][6]

Climate data for Saqqez, Iran
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
20
(68)
24
(75)
29
(84)
34.4
(93.9)
39
(102)
43
(109)
42
(108)
39
(102)
32
(90)
26
(79)
22.2
(72)
43
(109)
Average high °C (°F) 2.4
(36.3)
4.7
(40.5)
11.0
(51.8)
17.3
(63.1)
23.1
(73.6)
29.8
(85.6)
34.3
(93.7)
34.2
(93.6)
29.8
(85.6)
22.2
(72)
13.4
(56.1)
6.1
(43)
19.03
(66.25)
Average low °C (°F) −8.1
(17.4)
−6.7
(19.9)
−1.2
(29.8)
3.6
(38.5)
6.6
(43.9)
9.5
(49.1)
14.0
(57.2)
13.4
(56.1)
8.3
(46.9)
4.4
(39.9)
−0.3
(31.5)
−4.6
(23.7)
3.24
(37.83)
Record low °C (°F) −33
(−27)
−36
(−33)
−27.6
(−17.7)
−9
(16)
−5
(23)
−0.6
(30.9)
3.8
(38.8)
4.8
(40.6)
−0.4
(31.3)
−7
(19)
−24
(−11)
−32
(−26)
−36
(−33)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 66.6
(2.622)
58.7
(2.311)
79.5
(3.13)
83.6
(3.291)
52.0
(2.047)
5.8
(0.228)
2.9
(0.114)
2.5
(0.098)
1.4
(0.055)
27.8
(1.094)
56.9
(2.24)
61.7
(2.429)
499.4
(19.659)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 8.5 8.3 10.0 9.8 7.0 1.2 0.7 0.6 0.5 4.3 6.2 8.1 65.2
Average relative humidity (%) 73 70 64 58 52 40 35 33 33 47 63 71 53.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 121.5 142.2 177.4 213.1 287.1 345.1 357.4 344.3 311.1 254.3 174.1 123.4 2,851
Source: Synoptic Stations Statistics

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Saqqez can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3082379" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ The Cambridge ancient history, Volume 3, Part 2, By Cambridge University Press, see page 565, ISBN 0-521-22717-8
  3. ^ http://www.payvand.com/news/08/feb/1191.html
  4. ^ http://www.irimo.ir/english/monthly&annual/map/province/zanjan.asp
  5. ^ http://www.iranembassy.org.za/E/Media/Land.htm
  6. ^ http://www.irimo.ir Iranian Meteorological Organisation's "Century weather stats data bank"