Sarı Süleyman Pasha

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Süleyman

Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
18 November 1685 – 18 September 1687
MonarchMehmed IV
Preceded byBayburtlu Kara Ibrahim Pasha
Succeeded byAbaza Siyavuş Pasha II
Personal details
BornTaşlıca, Bosnia Eyalet, Ottoman Empire
Died14 October 1687
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
NationalityOttoman
Military service
Allegiance Ottoman Empire
Branch/serviceOttoman Army
RankCommander-in-Chief
Battles/warsGreat Turkish War
The Ottoman Army after suffering a devastating defeat during the Second Battle of Mohács.

Sarı Süleyman Paşa (Bosnian: Sari Sulejman-paša; died 14 October 1687) was the grand vizier of the Ottoman Empire from 18 November 1685 to 18 September 1687.[1] He was executed after the defeat of the Ottoman forces in the Battle of Mohács (1687).

In Turkish, his epithet sarı means "blond (haired)", literally "yellow".

Early life[edit]

He was born in Taşlıca (Pljevlja, now Montenegro),[2] in the Bosnia Eyalet.[3]

He was the kdhya of Grand Vizier Ahmed Köprülü (s. 1661–1676), and later the Sultan's master of the horse.[4]

Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire[edit]

After Sarı Süleyman Pasha was appointed grand vizier, he immediately began to write desperate letters to the Great Khan of the Crimean Khanate and the pashas of Timișoara, Székesfehérvár and Osijek in order to reorganize and reinforce the battered Ottoman Army in Hungary, struggling during the Battle of Buda (1686). Although Sarı Süleyman Pasha made several attempts to break the blockade around Buda, the city was ultimately captured by Charles V, Duke of Lorraine. Soon afterwards the Ottomans had even lost Székesfehérvár.

Süleyman Pasha thereafter commanded his forces to hold what remained of the Ottoman north against their opponents and even sent Mehmet Agha to negotiate peace with Donat John Heissler at Guttentag.

After the defeat at Mohács, the Ottoman army started a rebellion against the grand vizier. Süleyman Pasha, fearful that the rebellion would result in his death, escaped from the commanding position, first to Belgrade and then, rather foolishly, to Constantinople. At the beginning of September 1687, news about his defeat and escape came to Istanbul. After Mehmed IV received this news, he proclaimed Abaza Siyavuş Pasha as the new commander of the armed forces, and, eventually, as the new grand vizier. Soon after this, Süleyman Pasha was apprehended and executed. Two months later, the sultan himself was also removed from power as the result of the defeat in the Battle of Mohács, and was replaced by sultan Süleyman II.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ İsmail Hâmi Danişmend, Osmanlı Devlet Erkânı, Türkiye Yayınevi, İstanbul, 1971 (Turkish)[page needed]
  2. ^ Simpozijum seoski dani Sretena Vukosavljevića. Opštinska zajednica obrazovanja. 1978. p. 156.
  3. ^ Uzunçarşılı 1954, p. 424
  4. ^ Studia Austro-Polonica. Państwowe Wydawn. Naukowe. 1983. p. 319.

Sources[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Bayburtlu Kara Ibrahim Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
18 November 1685 – 18 September 1687
Succeeded by
Abaza Siyavuş Pasha II