Sar-e Pol Province
Map of Afghanistan with Sar-e Pol highlighted
Districts of Sar-e Pol
|Coordinates (Capital): Coordinates:|
|• Governor||Mohammad Zahir Wahdat|
|• Total||16,360 km2 (6,320 sq mi)|
|• Density||33/km2 (84/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||AF-SAR|
Sar-e Pol, also spelled Sari Pul (Persian: سرپل; Pashto: سرپل), is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the north of the country. It borders Jowzjan and Balkh to the west and north, Ghor Province to the south, and Samangan to the east. The province is divided into 7 districts and contains 896 villages. It has a population of about 532,000, which is multi-ethnic and mostly a tribal society. The province was created in 1988, with the support of northern Afghan politician Sayed Nasim Mihanparast. The city of Sar-e Pol serves as the provincial capital.
|History of Afghanistan|
Between the early 16th century and the mid-18th century, the territory was ruled by the Khanate of Bukhara. It was given to Ahmad Shah Durrani by Murad Beg of Bukhara after a treaty was signed in or about 1750, and became part of the Durrani Empire. It was ruled by the Durranis followed by the Barakzai dynasty. The area was untouched by the British during the three Anglo-Afghan wars that were fought in the 19th and 20th centuries. It remained peaceful for about one hundred years until the 1980s Soviet war in Afghanistan.
During the Afghan Civil War, the area was controlled by forces loyal to Abdul Rashid Dostum. It was captured by the Taliban in 1998. Aminullah Amin, the first senior member of the Taliban to be captured, was the former governor of the province.
Swedish-led Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT), which has been based in Mazar-e Sharif since about 2005 and responsible for four provinces including Sar-e Pol, established an office and some troops in the province. The Afghan National Security Forces (ANFS) began expanding in the last decade and slowly took over security from International Security Assistance Force (ISAF). The Afghanistan-Turkmenistan border is maintained by the Afghan Border Police (ABP) while law and order for the rest of the province is provided by the NATO-trained Afghan National Police (ANP).
In 2009, the provincial Police Chief stated that weapons had been collected from many people and three districts, namely, Sangcharak, Gosfandi, and Sozama Qala areas termed as the peaceful districts of the province. In operations against militants, the police chief said they had arrested a prominent Taliban commander Mullah Nader along with 11 other people during the recent operations. He said scores of kilograms of hashish and opium had also been seized from people during the operations.
The biggest threat to travelers in Sar-i-Pul remains highway bandits and thieves, corrupt militiamen and police, and road hazards. The Taliban have small cadres operating throughout the province but rely on larger support networks in neighboring provinces.
Politics and governance
The current governor of the province is Mohammad Zahir Wahdat. The city of Sar-e Pol serves as the capital of the province. All law enforcement activities throughout the province are managed by the Afghan National Police (ANP). The provincial police chief represents the Ministry of the Interior in Kabul. The ANP is backed by other Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF), including the NATO-led forces.
Sayed Anwar Rahmati, Aziza Jalis, Sayed Anwar Sadat, Mohammad Hossein Fahimi, Sayed Mohammad Hossein Sharifi Balkhabi, and Haji Khair Mohammad Imaq are the current Wolesi Jirga members. They represent Sar-e Pol province in the Afghan National Assembly (Afghan Parliament) in Kabul.
The percentage of households with clean drinking water increased from 8% in 2005 to 15% in 2011. The percentage of births attended to by a skilled birth attendant increased from 0% in 2005 to 20% in 2011.
Sar-e Pol is a mountainous province, especially in its southern part. It covers an area of 16,360 km. Three quarters (75%) of the province is mountainous or semi mountainous terrain while one-seventh (14%) of the area is made up of flat land. The province is divided into 7 districts, containing 896 of villages.
The total population of the province is about 532,000. According to the Naval Postgraduate School, the ethnic groups of the province are as follows: Tajik(+Sayyeds) (majority), Uzbeks, followed by small Arabs, Pashtun, and Hazara communities.
The languages spoken in and around the province are Persian language (main language of the province), Uzbeki, and Pashto. All the inhabitants practice Islam, majority of which are Sunnis while the Shias make up the minority.
|District||Capital||Population||Area||Number of villages and ethnic groups|
|Balkhab||Tarkhoj||86,041||2,974 km2||126 villages.Hazara, Tajik and Sadat.|
|Gosfandi||39,721||1,092.14 km2||57 villages. Uzbak, Tajik, Hazara, Pashtun and Arab.|
|Kohistanat||72,037||6,094 km2||139 villages. Uzbak 5%, Hazara 5%, Tajik 90%.|
|Sancharak||Tukzar||87,670||1,089 km2||167 villages. Tajik 60%, Uzbak 30%, Hazara 8% and
|Sar-e Pol||Sar-e Pol||115,463||2,037 km2||261 villages. Uzbak 60%, Pashtun 10%, Hazara
20% and Tajik 10%.
|Sayyad||48,800||1,252 km2||79 villages. Tajik 60%, Uzbak 15%, Arab 10%,
Pashtun 7% and Hazara 8%.
|Sozma Qala||35,993||522 km2||67 villages. Uzbak 40%, Pashtun 30%, Tajik
20%, Hazara 10%.
Mining and agriculture are the main industries of the province. The Government of Afghanistan signed a deal with China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) for the development of oil blocks in the Amu Darya basin, a project expected to earn billions of dollars over two decades; the deal covers drilling and a refinery in the northern provinces of Sar-e Pol and Faryab and is the first international oil production agreement entered into by the Afghan government for several decades. Production of the Afghan oil began in October 2012, which is expected to increase to 1 million barrels per year in 2013.
- "Settled Population of Sar-e-pul province by Civil Division , Urban, Rural and Sex-2012-13" (PDF). Government of Afghanistan: Central Statistics Office of Afghanistan. Retrieved 2012-10-22.
- Neamatollah Nojumi (2002). The rise of the Taliban in Afghanistan: mass mobilization, civil war, and the future of the region. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 80–. ISBN 978-0-312-29584-4. Retrieved 30 March 2011.
- "Pakistan holds senior Taleban official". BBC News. 20 December 2001. Retrieved 2008-02-20.
- Zabeehullah Ihsas, "Armed groups a challenge in Sar-i-Pul", Pajhwok Afghan News, March 28, 2010
- Independent Election Commission of Afghanistan, Afghanistan 2010 Wolesi Jirga Election Final Certified Results
- Archive, Civil Military Fusion Centre, https://www.cimicweb.org/AfghanistanProvincialMap/Pages/SarePul.aspx
- "Sar-e-Pul Province". Government of Afghanistan and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development. Retrieved 2012-10-22.
- Balkhab District
- Gosfandy District
- Kohistanat District
- Sang Charak District
- Center District
- Sayed District
- Sozma Qala District
- Harooni, Mirwais (2011-12-28). "REFILE-Afghanistan signs major oil deal with China's CNPC". Reuters. Retrieved 2012-01-01.
- China's CNPC begins oil production in Afghanistan, by Hamid Shalizi. October 21, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sar-e Pol Province.|
||Jowzjan Province||Balkh Province|
|Faryab Province||Samangan Province|
|Ghor Province||Bamyan Province|