Sara Miller Driver
December 15, 1955
Westfield, New Jersey, U.S.
Sara Miller Driver (born December 15, 1955) is an American independent filmmaker and actress from Westfield, New Jersey. A participant in the independent film scene that flourished in lower Manhattan from the late 1970s through the 1990s, she gained initial recognition as producer of two early films by Jim Jarmusch, Permanent Vacation (1980) and Stranger Than Paradise (1984). Driver has directed two feature films, Sleepwalk (1986) and When Pigs Fly (1993), as well as a notable short film, You Are Not I (1981), and a documentary, Boom for Real: The Late Teenage Years of Jean-Michel Basquiat (2017), on the young artist's pre-fame life in the burgeoning downtown New York arts scene before the city's massive changes through the 1980s. She served on the juries of various film festivals throughout the 2000s.
Driver made her directorial debut in 1981 with You Are Not I, a short subject film based on a Paul Bowles story and co-written by Jim Jarmusch. Shot in six days on a $12,000 budget, it developed a following soon after a well-received premiere at the Public Theater, only to be pulled out of circulation when a warehouse fire destroyed the film's negative. Rarely seen, it was still championed by renowned critics and film journals like Jonathan Rosenbaum and Cahiers du Cinéma, which hailed You Are Not I as one of the best films of the 1980s. Considered 'lost' for many years, a print was later discovered among Bowles's belongings. Driver was awarded a preservation grant from Women in Film and Television. The restored film screened in the Master Works section of The New York Film Festival 2011.
Driver directed her first feature film, Sleepwalk in 1986. It was awarded the Prix Georges Sadoul (1986) by the Cinémathèque Française, the Special Prize at the 1986 International Filmfestival Mannheim-Heidelberg, and was the opening night selection for the 25th Anniversary of the International Critics' Week (1986) at the Cannes Film Festival. Sleepwalk was also featured at the Museum of Modern Art's 1987 New Directors/New Films Festival and the Sundance Film Festival (1987).
Driver directed the "Bed and Boar" episode of the TV series Monsters (1990). Her second feature film as a director, When Pigs Fly (1993), stars Marianne Faithfull and Alfred Molina and is scored by Joe Strummer. The film received the Best of Festival Feature award at the 1994 Long Island Film Festival. When Pigs Fly premiered in competition at the Locarno Film Festival, and played a limited engagement at the Lighthouse Cinema on Suffolk Street in New York in 1996.
Driver also wrote and directed the short documentary, The Bowery - Spring, 1994, part of Postcards from New York, an anthology program for French TV. Driver has producer and production credits for many films of Jim Jarmusch, as well as minor roles in three of his films.
Driver's theater work includes the play What the Hell - Zelda Sayre (1977, writer, director); the experimental musical Jazz Passengers in Egypt (1990, director), performed at La Mama, NYC; as well as the play Stairway to Heaven (1994, director), at the Cucaracha Theatre, NYC.
Driver was a juror at the Buenos Aires International Festival of Independent Cinema (2004) where they also did a retrospective of her films. She was also a juror at the Miami International Film Festival (2005), San Sebastián Film Festival (2006), Bahamas International Film Festival (2006), and director Emir Kusturica's Küstendorf Film and Music Festival (2010).
Driver has been described as an "often overlooked linchpin of the downtown New York independent film scene." Film critic Lucy Sante describes Driver's movies as "doorways into the unknown." Rosenbaum wrote that Driver's films "belong to what the French call le fantastique— a conflation of fantasy with surrealism, science fiction, comics, horror, sword-and-sorcery, and the supernatural that stretches all the way from art cinema to exploitation by way of Hollywood."
The moving image collection of Sara Driver is held at the Academy Film Archive.
Personal life and education
Driver was born in Westfield, New Jersey, the daughter of Albert and Martha (Miller) Driver. She attended Randolph-Macon Woman's College in Lynchburg, Virginia, graduating with a degree in theatre and classics in 1977. She spent her junior year studying in Athens, and participated in a production by the National Opera of Greece.
Driver taught directing in NYU's Graduate Film School (1996–1998), where she received her Master of Fine Arts degree in 1982.
|1980||Permanent Vacation||Actor: Nurse, Production Manager, Assistant Director|
|1981||You Are Not I||Director, Writer, Producer|
|1984||Stranger Than Paradise||Actor: Girl with hat, Producer, Production Manager|
|1986||Sleepwalk (Year of the Dog)||Director, Writer, Producer|
|1986||Down by Law||Production Troubleshooter|
|1989||Mystery Train||Actor: Airport clerk|
|1989||Bloodhounds of Broadway||Actor: Yvette|
(episode "Bed and Boar")
|1991||Keep It for Yourself||Actor|
|1991||Night on Earth||(uncredited crew member)|
|1993||When Pigs Fly||Director, Writer|
|1999||Ghost Dog: The Way of the Samurai||Story Consultant|
|2005||Broken Flowers||On credits as 'idea inspired from'|
|2013||Only Lovers Left Alive||On credits as 'instigation and inspiration'|
|2017||Boom for Real: The Late Teenage Years of Jean-Michel Basquiat||Director|
|2019||The Dead Don't Die||Actor: Coffee Zombie|
- José Teodoro, COUNTER CAREERISM: THE FILMS OF SARA DRIVER, Counter Careerism: The Films of Sara Driver Toronto Film Critics, July 24, 2014
- Dennis Lim, "Sleepwalking in Fantasy Worlds Like This One", The New York Times, March 18, 2012.
- Gene Markopoulos, "A Few Remarks on Sara Driver's 'Sleepwalk'", in: ART IN SOCIETY, No.5
- Andreas Weiland, "Sleepwalk. Notes on A Film by Sara Driver", in: ART IN SOCIETY, No.5
- Janet Maslin, "FILM REVIEW - When Pigs Fly: Ghosts Inspiring a New Life", The New York Times, July 26, 1996.
- Peter Watrous, "Jazz and Theater Add Up to a New Form of Vaudeville", The New York Times, December 13, 1990.
- Jonathan Rosenbaum, "Two Neglected Filmmakers: Eduardo de Gregario and Sara Driver" BAFICI Catalogue, 2004.
- Kennedy, Randy (2010-11-12). "Film of Paul Bowles Short Story Rediscovered". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
- "Film". Arden Press. May 16, 1983 – via Google Books.
- "Sara Driver". AlloCiné. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
- "Sara Driver". Lisbon & Estoril Film Festival. Retrieved 21 May 2019.
- Luc Sante, "Sara Driver's Movies Are Doorways Into the Unknown," Liner notes to Driver x 4 DVD collection, 2012.
- "You Are Not I". March 8, 1983 – via IMDb.
- Kennedy, Randy (2010-11-12). "Film of Paul Bowles Short Story Rediscovered". The New York Times.
- James, Caryn (1987-03-20). "James, Caryn: "NEW DIRECTORS/NEW FILMS; 'SLEEPWALK,' FAIRY TALES IN REAL LIFE" The New York Times, March 20, 1987". Movies.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
- Ligue française de l'enseignement et de l'éducation permanente, "La Revue du cinéma, Volumes 423-428", 1987
- Gene Markopoulos. "Gene Markopoulos, "A Few Remarks on Sara Driver's 'Sleepwalk'"". Art-in-society.de. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
- "Semaine de la Critique du Festival de Cannes". Semainedelacritique.com. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
- "Calendar". Film at Lincoln Center. Archived from the original on January 15, 2010.
- The Sundance Channel. "Sundance Film Festival | Top 10 | Most Overlooked Sundance Films". Sundancechannel.com. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
- Watrous, Peter (December 13, 1990). "Jazz and Theater Add Up to a New Form of Vaudeville". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
- Willis, John A. "Theatre World" Volume 51, 1997.
- Buenos Aires Independent FF Review by Gerald Peary
- Dennis Lim, "Sleepwalking in Fantasy Worlds Like This One," New York Times, 16 March 2012.
- Jonathan Rosenbaum, "From Bowles to the Bowery: Sara Driver in Hyper Drive," Liner notes to Driver x 4 DVD collection, 2012.
- "Sara Driver Collection". Academy Film Archive. 5 September 2014.
- "With the Collegians," The Westfield Leader, 24 February 1977. Retrieved: 12 June 2014.
- "Cinematographer Tom Ackerman to Deliver Sara Driver ’77 Filmmaking Lecture," Randolph College News Archive, 2 April 2013.
- "Kustendorf 2010 bio - Sara Driver". Kustendorf-filmandmusicfestival.org. 2009-12-01. Retrieved 2012-04-02.